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SPLASHmail      Events, news and views for the ocean-minded      November 2016
Not all those who wander are lost 

Several years ago, an exhibit at the Smithsonian’s Air and Space museum told the story of how humans have charted routes through history. The exhibit, Time and Navigation: The Untold Story of Getting from Here to There, was described as "...largely a story of failure. The first spaceships we sent to the moon either missed their destination completely or crashed into it. Amelia Earhart was very likely lost due to poor navigation. Columbus and his ships were, famously, misdirected."

Those of us now awash in GPS satellite data might find that failure hard to comprehend; mathematics and technology have almost perfected the art of navigation. In our world, we usually know exactly where we are and how to get where we are going. Indeed, even if you’re trying to wander off grid, it’s almost impossible.

Cultures that traditionally relied on the ocean for travel or trade have always had maps or guides of some sort to allow them to find and follow sea routes, coastlines, and currents. Ancient mariners in the Marshall Islands of the Pacific created "stick charts" (depicted on the Marshall Island stamp below). These weren’t used in the traditional sense of way-finding; the maps were studied before a journey.

Curved sticks show where swells are deflected by an island; short, straight strips often indicate currents near islands; longer strips "may indicate the direction in which certain islands are to be found;" and small cowry shells represent the islands themselves.

In the thirteenth century, after the invention of the mariners’ compass, Portolan charts (from the Italian word portolano, meaning "a collection of sailing directions") were used for sailing in the Mediterranean. Despite that advance, however, mariners were essentially coastal navigators until the fifteenth century when global navigation at sea became possible, and sailors weren’t limited to regions of predictable winds and currents, or where there was a wide continental shelf to follow.

According to NOAA, "Navigation charts are one of the most fundamental tools available to mariners, depicting the nature and form of the coast, the general configuration of the sea bottom, water depths, locations of dangers to navigation, locations and characteristics of human-made aids to navigation, and other features useful to the mariner."

Are you intrigued about the history of ocean navigation? Want to know more? Check out the following resources:

The Ocean Service of NOAA maintains a historical chart collection dating back to the 1700s 
National Geographic teaching material related to Stick Charts:
Marine navigation lesson plan from NOAA 
History of Navigation at Sea from Water Encyclopedia
The Difference Between Maps and Charts from NOAA

Portolan chart image: John Wolter/A Portolan Atlas of the Mediterranean Sea and Western European Waters/Library of Congress 
Beluga dive
When Evan Roberts, a student at University of Winnipeg and keen photographer (see image above!), went out to Hudson Bay as a Bilingual Programming Assistant with the Churchill Northern Studies Centre CNSC, he discovered that educational tourism is about more than the environment.  In this month’s blog post, Evan touches on photography skills, belugas, the history of Churchill,  and the cultural and historical significance of the ocean to the indigenous people of Hudson Bay.

Image note: Kayaking in Hudson Bay can bring you pretty close to belugas. Please obey DFO’s marine mammal viewing guidelines if you happen to be lucky enough to have a close encounter!

Brian Skerry, an award-winning photojournalist specializing in marine wildlife and underwater environments, delivered a stunning keynote address entitled Luminous Seas for the 2016 Sustainable Oceans Conference in Halifax on Sept. 30. Since 1998, Skerry has been a photographer for National Geographic Magazine. His stories range from the planet’s last remaining pristine coral reefs to the global fish crisis to the plight of shark and marine mammal species, which together with his remarkable images (see above) illuminate people’s minds to the beauty of the ocean and promote enthusiasm towards oceans conservation.

Kudos to Dalhousie University Master of Marine Management students for another excellent Sustainable Oceans Conference, which is free and open to the public! 

The call for proposals is open!

Do you have ideas or work to share about how innovative learning inspires connection to nature, more sustainable lifestyles, resilient communities and/or a life-giving planet? Then consider this your invitation to propose a workshop or presentation for the SEE Change conference to be held in May 2017! Conference partners include the Canadian Network for Environmental Education, CaNOE (the Canadian Network for Ocean Education), and the Nova Scotia Environmental Network Education Caucus. Check out the workshop streams, conference keynotes and the Call for Proposals.
More than 30 educators from across the country have been working for a year to organize this mind-blowing conference. We hope to see you there!
Board Soundings

It is a real honour to continue to serve with the CaNOE Board of Directors, a dynamic group of ocean optimists who astound us with how much they achieve, with so little. This little boat is 100% powered by volunteers and it often feels like an exciting whitewater ride.
The Board gets most of its work done in working groups and we invite members to join us there in pulling together for ocean literacy in Canada. There are many ways that Canadians are already advancing ocean literacy and it is through this multitude of activities, projects, programs, organizations and institutions and other networks that the CaNOE network helps to amplify, connect and build capacity. We see CaNOE as a network of networks and continue to explore collaborations and partnerships with other groups with similar or parallel goals.  Let's talk.
Right now we are partnering with Canada’s national network for environmental education and communication and will marinate the EECOM 2017 Conference in with seawater (and ocean literacy). We encourage CaNOE members to respond to the call for papers open now (deadline December 9th). The conference title is certainly apt: “See Change: Tides of Environmental Learning” and it looks like it will be a great Maritime get together.
Anne Stewart and Heather Murray

Rocky, wave-swept shores are wall-to-wall life...let's keep them clean!   Photo credit: Anne Stewart
Stay Tuned for a Visit to EMSEA in Ireland!

CaNOE's very own Sonya Lee attended the fourth European Marine Science Educators Association (EMSEA) Conference in Belfast, Ireland at the beginning of October and she is going to report on it soon! The conference was billed as "an exciting and imaginative collaboration opportunity for educators, researchers, influencers and anyone else with a passion for communicating the importance of our ocean."

Sonya helped spread the word about CaNOE and the ocean literacy work CaNOE is doing in Canada.

Thanks Sonya, we can't wait to hear more about it!
Follow us on Twitter! @OceanLitCanada

Upcoming Events

Help us promote ocean education events in Canada and beyond by telling us what you or others are planning.  Click here to submit an event for the next SPLASHmail!

22nd Annual Aboriginal Education Conference  First Nations Education Steering Committee
November 24 - 26.  Vancouver, BC

Showcasing innovative curriculum, inspiring people and networking opportunities and drawing over 800 educators each year. Our conference theme, Celebrating First Nations Diversity, will provide an opportunity to discuss how the unique heritage, diverse cultures and achievements of First Nations can be reflected in schools and student learning. Everyone is welcome and it is an opportunity for sharing, learning and celebration.
Exemplary Practices in Marine Science Education

November. Online
Seeking peer reviewers for chapter submissions for a book entitled Exemplary Practices in Marine Science Education, which will describe marine education programs, models, and methods from all over the world.
Whether you are a classroom teacher, aquarium docent, program manager, researcher, or any other role in the field, we value your perspectives ... please complete the form at the link above. More info:
 Meghan E. Marrero, Mercy College School of Education, NY

Review of the Changes to the Fisheries Act  Fisheries and Oceans Canada
Ongoing.  Online
Thriving fish populations and healthy fish habitat are important to the well-being of Canadian society. The Fisheries Act gives the Government of Canada the authority to manage Canadian fisheries and protect the habitat that supports them. We want to know your views on the best way to restore lost protections into the Fisheries Act and your ideas of how we can incorporate modern safeguards.
Western Society of Naturalists: Celebrating 100 Years  Western Society of Naturalists
November 10 - 13. Monterey, California
The Western Society of Naturalists is a scientific society with a strong focus on ecology, evolution, natural history, and marine biology. Its membership is primarily concentrated on the west coast of North America, though many members have spread far and wide. The main activity of the society is the annual meeting, held in November. There are science communication, fisheries and marine conservation components but most infamous are the auction and attitudinal adjustments hours.

Museum Happy Hour: New Ways of Looking  Royal BC Museum
November 17, 5:15 – 7.00 PM. Victoria, BC
Explore the museum while enjoying nine original soundscape compositions from the Bamfield Marine Sciences Centre's summer 2016 Acoustic Ethnography course. Recorded on location, these works also use archival sounds from the Bamfield Historical Society and sounds from the deep ocean collected by Ocean Networks Canada.
Call for papers: Ocean diving  Shaw Centre for the Salish Sea
November 18, 2016.  Online.
The Journal of Ocean Technology is seeking technical papers related to ocean diving. Present results of new research in ocean technology, science or engineering. Diving equipment; infrastructure, technologies to carry divers to a site; activities pursued while diving (i.e. shipwreck diving); shipwreck preservation; or any related areas.  Submit by 18 November.
Fishermen's Forum 2016. Sustaining Fisheries: Challenges and Changes  Gulf Aquarium and Marine Station Cooperative
November 21 – 22.  Antigonish, NS
The Fisherman’s Forum was established to enhance interactions between stakeholders, providing opportunity for local fishing groups, researchers, provincial and federal regulators, and community leaders to meet each other and to discuss issues that affect both the fisheries and the communities that depend on them. Forum attendees are invited to participate in a variety of panels, presentations and open discussions.
Coastal Connections Fall Social  Coastal Connections Vancouver
November 22. Vancouver, BC
Coastal Connection Vancouver is excited to be back this Fall with the Fall Social event at the Dubh Linn Gate Irish Pub on Main Street, Vancouver.  Join us for a casual evening of marine/aquatic-themed discussion and networking to keep the discussion going!
CommOCEAN 2016 - 2nd International Marine Science Communication Conference and Training
December 6-8.  Bruges and Ostend, Belgium
Hands-on exercises in current science communication skills with plenty of expertise-sharing, social interaction and fascinating marine science along the way. 
Wild Salmon Policy Stakeholder Consultation - Fisheries and Oceans Canada
December 5, 6:30 – 9.00 PM. Nanaimo, BC
Public Open House Event. Location to be confirmed.
ArcticNet Annual Scientific Meeting 2016   
December 5 - 9. RBC Convention Centre, Winnipeg, MB
The 12th annual ASM will welcome researchers, students, Inuit, Northerners, policy makers and stakeholders to address the numerous environmental, social, economical and political challenges and opportunities that are emerging from climate change and modernization in the Arctic.
In-seine Sailfins, Shrimps and Sea Slugs!  
December 12, 7.30 – 9.30 PM. Willow's Beach, Victoria, BC
Join researchers from the Royal BC Museum as they conduct an evening beach seine. As many as 20 species of fish, crabs, shrimp, and other invertebrates will be brought in using a large net, so everyone will get an up-close look at what lives beneath the waves.
Canada's Arctic Biodiversity: The Next 150 Years  Centre for Arctic Knowledge and Exploration
January 27, 2017.  Ottawa, ON
This science symposium will take stock of the state of biodiversity science in the Arctic to kick off Canada's sesquicentennial anniversary.
Life on Marine Debris  Royal BC Museum
January 14, 2017 10.00 AM – 12.00 PM.  Victoria, BC
It’s not just garbage - explore the shoreline with Natural History Curators Dr. Henry Choong and Dr. Joel Gibson and see how natural and human created marine debris interact with life in the marine and coastal environment.
24th Annual Fishermen and Scientists Research Society Conference 
February 23rd, 2017. Best Western Plus Hotel, Dartmouth, NS
The annual conference provides an opportunity for dedicated fishermen representing their industry, and researchers from government, academia and non-profit organizations to converge on issues relating to research and sustainability of our valuable marine resources.                                                                                                                                                                                
International Conference on Engineering and Ecohydrology for Fish Passage – American Fisheries Society
June 19 - 21, 2017. Oregon State University - Corvallis, Oregon (USA)     
Fish Passage 2017 will be of interest to researchers, educators, practitioners, funders, and regulators who have an interest in advancements in technical fishways, nature-like fishways, stream restoration and stabilization, dam removal, and the myriad of funding, safety, climate change, and other socio-economic related issues surrounding connectivity projects.                                                                                    
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Canadian Network for Ocean Education · Department of Biological Sciences, Simon Fraser University · 8888 University Drive · Burnaby, BC V5A 1S6 · Canada

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