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The Best Weekly Media Round-up of Stories about Salmon and their Habitats
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Top 10
A new study by Watershed Watch and SkeenaWild has found commercial fishers in southeast Alaska are netting large numbers of threatened B.C. salmon while most of Canada’s Pacific fleet is shorebound to save plummeting stocks.
Decades of clear-cut logging across B.C. have disrupted the landscape’s natural mechanisms for mitigating floods & landslides, says Dr. Younes Alila. Dr. Alila's current research is sponsored by Watershed Watch.
Sustained funding for ecosystem restoration in B.C.’s forests and waterways could reap billions of dollars in savings down the road, says B.C. Wildlife Federation's Jesse Zeman and Neil Fletcher. 
Fifty years ago, an average of 47,000 salmon returned annually to the Neekas River north of Bella Bella. In 2021, the 750 salmon returning to the once-teeming waterway act as a fresh warning to local First Nations that urgent action is needed to prevent total population collapse.
In one week, crews from the Sumas and Sto:lo nations, as well as staff from the Pacific Salmon Foundation rescued 26 Coho salmon — many of them females that hold thousands of eggs vital to keep the endangered runs alive.  
Flooding and dangerous conditions along waterfronts around the South Coast resulted in closures, warnings and damage to infrastructure like seawalls and piers. Now communities are assessing the damage.
“I think it was probably a combination of the smoke having a direct adverse impact on people’s brain functioning and mental health but also feeling like you weren’t safe anywhere.”
Court rejects First Nations request that more water be released into the river, while acknowledging Saik'en and Stellat'en constitutionally-protected rights to the watershed.
Tolko harvested one cutblock in 2015 and salvage-harvested a second cutblock following a wildfire in 2018. In May 2020, four landslides occurred below the harvested areas, affecting McPherson Creek, which supplies drinking water for residents.
B.C.’s opposition parties want the government to extend — for a second time — an approaching groundwater licensing deadline, warning of a looming crisis for local farms and small businesses.
Opinion
"Earl Muldoe, the famous Gitxsan Hereditary Chief, died last week. This is his powerful legacy."
"The costs of a coastal flood could hit about $20-billion, while a Fraser River flood could top $30-billion."
"With strong Fisheries Act regulations, we can start rebuilding abundant fisheries for us all."
"We constantly butt up against provincial legislation that puts logging before sustainable forest management that would conserve our fish and wildlife."
"COP26 energized the global effort to halt global warming. Research is now crucial to monitoring progress and creating solutions."
"...we don't have a senator representing B.C. who has made the climate one of their signature issues."
"Look past the stereotypes and see rural Americans for the people they are: just as concerned about climate change as you."
British Columbia
A new report commissioned by Watershed Watch and SkeenaWild indicates that 75% of the 800,000 sockeye salmon caught in southern Alaska in 2021 were headed to B.C. rivers. The data comes as Pacific salmon face major declines and B.C. fishers are severely restricted from fishing in their own waters.
Conservationists and Fraser Valley Indigenous communities are working together to save spawning salmon trapped by last month’s extreme flooding.
Renowned Gitxsan artist, Hereditary Chief, and Indigenous culture activist, Earl Muldon (formerly Muldoe) has passed away at the age of 85.
A west coast cleanup project wrapped up operations in time for Christmas after removing 50 tonnes of marine debris from the shores of B.C.'s Discovery Islands.
The high amounts of snowfall currently blanketing B.C. may have long-term benefits for the province, according to experts.
"All of a sudden, fish started coming back," recalled Tyson Marsel as he waded through the river with another fish. "It was pretty awesome … for the community and for people to see that."
It was a record-breaking year for orca and humpback whale sightings in the Salish Sea last year, according to a whale-watching operator in B.C. and Washington.
A program that aims to boost the Upper Adams sockeye return has completed its second year, with data showing fertilizer added to Adams Lake has begun to increase the production of some nutrients needed to help salmon smolts grow stronger.
It has been two years since B.C. passed legislation requiring the government to align the entirety of its laws with UNDRIP. However, despite the legislation, the change seen is extremely limited.
A pristine piece of land in the Bella Coola Valley will continue to be untouched after a B.C. couple donated the land to the Nature Conservancy of Canada.
“We went from a fire to having floods to now it’s snowing in and it calls for more snow. So, I’m actually worried about the next little bit here."
Transport Canada says "enforcement actions" resulted in 11 penalties totalling $45,750.
Atmospheric rivers and subsequent flooding bring local pump station issues to surface, again.
Canada
From overseeing 2030 targets to phasing out fossil fuel subsidies, Steven Guilbeault has been tasked with one of the largest to-do lists of the entire federal cabinet. The environment minister says he'll act quickly, even if it means not getting exactly what he wants.
A multi-year project is nearing completion that aims to restore a creek in Banff National Park that has been reduced over the decades to a mere trickle. 
More than 270 people or groups submitted comments on Nova Scotia's proposed Beaver Dam gold mine as part of the environmental assessment process.
Climate change is shortening the season when lakes are frozen over, and some of the Great Lakes aren't freezing at all. The impacts will be felt year round.
Keurig has been ordered to rein in advertising incorrectly suggesting its K-Pods are recyclable in Canada.
United States
The recent sighting by Salmon Protection and Watershed Network biologist Ayano Hayes was a milestone for the Bay Area, marking the first time the endangered fish has been spotted in the small tributary of the San Geronimo Valley in Marin County, California since 2004. 
A Canadian coal company claims a major fish kill upstream of Montana’s Koocanusa Reservoir was due to cold weather and habitat changes, and not selenium discharges from its mines.
The future of the Chinook is uncertain, as its numbers drop due to the impacts of climate change, unsustainable harvest practices, dams, habitat loss, and predation.
Stewards of California's Lake Merritt say more salmon sightings are an exciting sign that conservation efforts are working, but there’s more to do.
The Salmon SuperHwy project, a multi-year, multi-agency restoration project to remove barriers to fish passage and improve infrastructure, has made great progress in Tillamook County, Oregon since its inception in 2012.
How to shift our thinking around conservation, according to Indigenous environmental researcher Jessica Hernandez.
During a summer that brought record-breaking onshore heat in the Northwest, young salmon emerging from the Columbia River encountered cool coastal waters and an abundance of food.
Salmon and steelhead heading out to sea have lucked into some of the best ocean conditions in decades.
Under current rules, in 2022 the pollock fleet is legally allowed to catch up to 45,000 Chinook salmon and an unlimited number of chum salmon.
The task force of up to 19 people would conduct a comprehensive review of salmon science and management in Alaska. The bill also would establish a working group focused on salmon returns in the Arctic-Yukon-Kuskokwim region of Western and Interior Alaska.
The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service is evaluating a major restoration project on the shore of Upper Klamath Lake that could benefit species both above and below the water’s surface.
“We call this a microbiology lab in a can,” said Jim Birch, director of the SURF center at the Moss Landing-based Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute.
An intergenerational group of Pueblo women lead the way on water policy along the Middle Rio Grande Valley.
Mulling future salmon seasons is a great idea while waiting for the snow to melt — or melt and re-freeze at least — so here is Quilcene angler and tackle maker Ward Norden’s early predictions for 2022.
In a new study published in Science Advances, University of Montana researchers found that climate change drives native trout declines by reducing stream habitat and facilitating the expansion of invasive trout species.
A land donation to the Nisqually Land Trust is expected to preserve a Washington-native threatened woodpecker.
International
Large-scale in Norway finds the evolutionary fitness of wild Atlantic salmon is being damaged after they breed with escaped fish from the country's huge aquaculture industry.
While this “consistent” behaviour may be beneficial when environmental conditions don’t change very fast, those benefits may not be realized in the ever-changing world dominated by humans. 
The food industry is not acting quickly enough to mitigate risks according to Ceres' new report, Feeding Ourselves Thirsty.
Salmon and sea trout fishing won’t be allowed in 66 rivers across Ireland from January 1 because falling numbers puts them “at risk”.
An ambitious project is harnessing the power of technology to finally reveal the secret lives of wild Atlantic salmon – backed by £400,000 from the Scottish Government.
MOWI has applied for a proposed new 22-cage fish farm in Ballinakill Bay, Connemara, Ireland.  Inland Fisheries Ireland and other groups have submitted reasons for objecting to the licence.
China is not slouching on its marine protection efforts—domestically, at least.
Researchers went looking for a war wreck roughly 19,000 feet under the sea—and spotted the animal instead.
Weekly Podcast Recommendation
In this episode, fly fishing author and host Tom Rosenbauer interviews Dr. Guy Fleischer, science advisor for Wild Steelhead Coalition. NB the interview starts at 35.30. 
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