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The Best Weekly Media Round-up of Stories about Salmon and their Habitats
Salmon News
Court Victory Against DFO
This week, 'Namgis First Nation, Ecojustice and Alexandra Morton won a case against the federal government. Essentially, the courts have concluded that Piscine Reovirus (PRV) from fish farms is a threat to wild salmon and that DFO is failing to protect them.  Here are a few of the articles covering  this important decision.

Government gets four months to stop allowing millions of salmon to be introduced into BC waters without screening.

The Federal Court has given DFO four months to amend its policy of not testing fish farms for piscine reovirus (PRV).

The Federal Court has struck down a Department of Fisheries and Oceans policy on farmed salmon, after finding that the ministry was ignoring testing for a virus when issuing licenses for the transfer or release of farmed salmon.

Department of Fisheries and Oceans has four months to review their policy on Piscine orthoreovirus.
Piscine orthoreovirus, or PRV, is highly contagious and often found in fish farms off the B.C. coast, many of which are positioned along wild salmon migration routes.
Top 10

Indigenous groups in Canada and the United States are calling for a study of how human activity has degraded the waters off British Columbia's coast before any new vessel traffic is allowed in the area where port and pipeline activities are on the rise.

Commercial salmon harvests have declined dramatically for all Pacific salmon species in British Columbia, mainly over the period 1995–2000.
Research supported by Watershed Watch and others improves our fundamental understanding of the effects of acute stress on the physiology and survival of fish and can be directly applied to improving the welfare of bycatch fishes discarded from fisheries. 

The move would safeguard biodiversity, slow extinctions, and help maintain a steady climate, a leading group of conservationists say.

The legal fight for future generations to pursue a livelihood on their territorial waters continues next week, when five Nuu-chah-nulth nations return to court for a fisheries rights appeal.

A new study is the first to report microplastics in a groundwater source that accounts for 25 per cent of the global drinking water supply.
Watershed Watch's Lina Azeez explains our model restoration project on the Katzie Slough in Pitt Meadows.

“Without good habitat, we cannot restore salmon," Manning said. "And without salmon recovery, orca recovery is highly unlikely.” 

High-resolution modeling of summertime streamflow in the Pacific Northwest reveals the effects of glacial retreat on streamflow will vary by elevation.
"Management and conservation efforts would be well‐served to consider actions that maintain such ecological variation to facilitate meta‐population persistence in a rapidly changing world."
Opinion

Freshwater wildlife face an uncertain future
Human activity — from building dams to polluting rivers to overfishing — is having a profound impact on fresh waters, which are all too often overlooked

Communities can and should get behind responsible development. Our main partners in northern British Columbia define what responsible mining looks like. 

Whether studying Alaskan Brown bears, tracking Black rhinos or diving with Great White sharks, my work has taken me far beyond Fairfield County to explore the wilds of the Alaskan tundra, experience the beauty of the African savanna and ply the waters of the Indian Ocean. 

Aldo Leopold wrote a description of the Colorado River Delta in 1922. If he returned today, he probably would have to carry his canoe over a barren salt flat.
Fishermen and fishing communities are often at the forefront of protecting marine habitats and resources.
British Columbia
Hundreds of hours of intense listening reveal the secretive communications of the Pacific’s smallest baleen whale.

Courtenay-Alberni MP Gord Johns has added his voice to a growing chorus urging a moratorium on the roe-herring fishery in the Strait of Georgia.

“Prior to 1905, electricity in the Greater Vancouver area was run on steam power,” explains Will Koop, who has extensively researched the history of British Columbia’s watersheds.
Tla-o-qui-aht First Nation and Central Westcoast Forest Society working to revive Tranquil Watershed.
Crews race to rescue First Nations artifacts dating back thousands of years and paleontological evidence from the beginning of time.
For World Wetlands Day, Ted Lightfoot created a weatherproof mural of an orca.
According to a new research at the University of British Columbia, total CO2 emissions from the industrial fishing sector in 2016 stood at 159 million tonnes.

A proposed Surrey coal shipping project that had drawn sharp criticism from environmentalists and some local governments has had its permit cancelled by the Vancouver Fraser Port Authority, effectively killing the project.

Expansion of the Trans Mountain pipeline could spell trouble for salmon populations and the orcas that rely on them for food, experts say.
WATCH: As the U.S. government approves the killing of sea lions in Washington State and Oregon, a B.C. group is hoping for a green light to harvest thousands here.
Canada
UNESCO warned two years ago that the park was in danger of losing its World Heritage status owing to poor management.

A University of New Brunswick scientist working on a contentious Miramichi salmon stocking program admits it cannot proceed without backing of First Nations groups.

On November 5, 2018, Irving Pulp & Paper (Irving) was ordered to pay a penalty in the amount of $3.5 million for three offences under the Federal Fisheries Act.
United States
In the extended families that make up the pods of endangered Southern Resident Killer Whales, males may be the primary hunters for Chinook salmon while females raise the young, according to a study published Monday.

A plan to test the use of a new technology to help endangered salmon in a Maine river that is critical to their existence has been abandoned, at least for now.

1.3 million chinook salmon will be released in Alaska's waterways in 2019 by the William Jack Hernandez Sport Fish Hatchery in Anchorage.

Michigan students are getting an inside look at the outdoors by raising salmon inside their classrooms. 

In 1999, the first year of the annual Christmas Bird Count (CBC), Vashon Audubon volunteers counted 1,619 Western grebes floating in Quartermaster Harbor.

Rogue River spring Chinook salmon populations are plummeting and Steve Beyerlin, a lifelong fishing industry professional, wants something done about it.
In the Bristol Bay Watershed, a First Nation's traditional culture and way of life faces potential devastation.
New research is giving scientists insight into how the endangered Southern Resident Killer Whales hunt for salmon, and that information may help humans save the whales from extinction.
Contrary to expectations, commercial catches of Pacific halibut were increased in all but one Alaska region.

This week, the Washington Fish and Wildlife Commission will discuss a number of topics that …

Genetically engineered salmon should be labeled as such when they’re sold to Americans at supermarkets across the nation, according to Alaska’s U.S. senators who hope to make the phrase law.
International
Activists say hydroelectric power projects, dumping of industrial waste, unregulated urbanisation and tourism and illegal sand and stone mining are going on near Himalayan rivers without any planning, environment impact assessment and carrying capacity studies.

With aquaculture exports generating £600m last year, Scottish Labour argued the industry should be given time to introduce the new regulatory measures

Find out why whales and dolphins get entangled in fishing gear and discover the people working to save them.

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