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The Best Weekly Media Round-up of Stories about Salmon and their Habitats
Salmon News
Top 10
On Feb. 4, a federal court struck down a DFO's current non-testing policy for PRV.  "It's a good decision but we really do need the (fisheries) minister to actually listen to the decision and take some action," says Watershed Watch's Stan Proboszcz.
Watershed Watch executive director Aaron Hill shares his concern that the province’s new plan is meant, first and foremost, to serve commercial fishing interests.

Onboard DNA analysis of salmon — the first time such complex molecular research has been performed at sea — has discovered that B.C. and Puget Sound coho are wintering in the Gulf of Alaska.

Nearly half of the Fraser River basin will have gone through a transition from snow-dominated to rain-dominated by the end of this century in response to global warming, two University of Northern B.C. professors are predicting.

Read Greg Taylor's overview of the 2018 salmon returns and fishing season.
A prominent critic of fish farms wonders why the federal government has been slow to respond to two Federal Court rulings.
Researchers suspect human factors—such as wastewater runoff—may play a role.

All bottom-contact fishing activities are being banned from within 150 metres of nine newly discovered glass sponge reefs in the Salish Sea in the Howe Sound area northwest of Vancouver.

Fragile returns of wild salmon will likely limit the catch for orcas and fishermen alike.
 The Sunshine Coast Salmonid Enhancement Society is making changes in the face of growing uncertainty about summer water flows.

Opinion
Salmon is an issue I’ve spent a considerable amount of time on with the Premier’s Wild Salmon Advisory Council and I am disappointed to see no substantive investment in wild salmon. It is my hope that government steps forward soon with their commitment to this work as good salmon policy is good environmental, good social and good economic policy.
In April 2010, when then-premier Gordon Campbell announced that B.C. was resurrecting plans to build the Site C dam, atmospheric scientist Andrew Weaver was along to lend support.
If you truly want to be up to date on the issue, the full 148-page Southern Resident Orca Task Force Report and Recommendations (November 16, 2018) is available online at governor.wa.gov.
I’ve been closer than ever to the Cuyahoga River this semester. I never expected it to turn out this way, but when you’re an intern at the Wick Poetry Center.
Tiny iridescent fish hovered in front of my daughter’s goggled-face. Her long hair waved in the current and her cheeks bulged as she held her breath. She popped to the surface into the blazing sunshine. “What are those Dad?”

The cultivated, kinship relationship of my people, the Lummi, with resident killer whales goes back since time immemorial. They are not wild animals, they are family.

On both sides of the border, the recent health woes of Southern Resident Killer Whales in the Salish Sea have rightfully shone a spotlight on their plight.

Salmon are like the canary in the mine in that their mortality can point to a host of other contributing factors that kill this fish and can help explain the mortality of other species.

Northern Pulp wastewater currently flows from Boat Harbour into the Northumberland Strait, just a few hundred metres from Pictou Landing First Nation.
Concern for the critically endangered Southern resident killer whales is growing. If bold and immediate actions are not taken in both the United States and Canada, we face the increasing likelihood of losing this unique population forever.
On Feb. 12 the U.S. Senate passed the Oregon Wildlands Act as part of a jam-packed public lands bill promising benefits to Americans in virtually every state. On Feb. 26 the House passed the same bill as the National Resources Management Act, sending it to the president’s desk.
British Columbia
As they wait for sea otters to return to Haida Gwaii waters, Parks Canada and the Haida Nation take matters into their own hands to foster a healthier ecosystem under the waves.
Environment and Climate Change Canada says in a news release that Fraser River Pile and Dredge Inc. pleaded guilty to the Fisheries Act violation and a judge imposed the fine last week.
Before the ancient Egyptians built the last of the pyramids, indigenous people along the coast of B.C. were also engineering and building stone structures that would last for thousands of years.

Thousands of eulachon fish are caught in shrimp trawl nets in the Skeena River near Prince Rupert B.C. every year, according to the government of Canada.

Bruce Gibbons, the founder of the Merville Water Guardians, appeared before Comox council on Feb. 20, asking that they take steps to ban water bottling within their municipality. 
Feds considering lowering the rentention rate of chinook salmon to zero for four months this summer.
Minister Wilkinson and MP Jati Sidhu were at Chehalis River Hatchery and Inch Creek Hatchery to tour the salmon production facilities and meet with hatchery staff.
Resident whales in BC waters have reached their lowest numbers in over 30 years.
Canada

A Saint-Louis-de-Kent group is now daring to hope a low-profile egg incubation project is on its way to bringing back the Kouchibouguacis River's once abundant salmon population.

NEB approves Trans Mountain pipeline expansion but calls for better protections for marine life in path of oil tankers.
The federal government is stepping in to regulate a company's controversial plan to use water from one of Nova Scotia's major rivers.
United States

On the Nisqually River, middle school students are studying Washington state's changing ecosystem and advising the grown-ups with power to address it.

The Chairman of the Confederated Tribes of the Colville Reservation today welcomed the final passage by Congress of S.47, the “Natural Resources Management Act,” a large public lands bill.

Puget Sound’s endangered killer whales are becoming fully integrated into annual planning efforts that divide up the available salmon harvest among user groups — including sport, commercial and tribal fishers.

Stumbling upon a seven-foot-long sunfish while walking on a beach is already pretty surprising.

Today’s angler might be thrilled to pull a 30-40 pound Chinook from the river, but at the turn of the 20th century they were so huge that some were over 100 pounds.

A bill making its way through Olympia would ban the use of non-tribal gill nets to catch salmon on the Columbia River.
Scientists and conservationists are reporting the return of spawning coho salmon to the upper reaches of a tributary of Big River, thanks to a four-year habitat restoration project.
California’s 2019 ocean salmon fishing season should be slightly better than last year’s, according to information presented at this week’s annual Salmon Information Meeting in Santa Rosa.
A drought declaration for parts of Southeast Alaska has expanded to include Sitka and Juneau. That means most of Alaska’s panhandle is officially in moderate to severe drought.
The Wyoming Game and Fish Department is proposing to officially designate and protect two western-Wyoming ungulate migration corridors.
Bear Lake, on the Idaho-Utah border, is sometimes referred to as the “Caribbean of the Rockies” due to its turquoise-blue waters.

A lean year for orcas and fishermen alike is expected, with poor salmon returns forecast for many species all over the state.

These fish return mostly to hatcheries, but also to some spawning areas above Bonneville dam, and are a mainstay for orcas and fishermen alike.
Water is now flowing freely along a 480-foot stretch of San Francisquito Creek after Stanford University removed the aged Lagunita Diversion Dam.
Tear down a dam, or put another high-priced band-aid on it. Those are the options before Ypsilanti’s decision-makers in the weeks ahead.
International
Fish populations are declining as oceans warm, putting a key source of food and income at risk for millions of people, according to new research.
A long-held, but poorly tested, assumption in natural populations is that individuals that disperse into new areas for reproduction are at a disadvantage compared to individuals that reproduce in their natal habitat, underpinning the eco-evolutionary processes of local adaptation and ecological speciation.
Fish might seem immune to acidic waters, but check their skeletons. They can be vulnerable and eventually alter how fish behave.
After two cyclones and a thermal bleaching event, coral reef fish diversity declined, causing fish assemblages in widespread reefs to become more similar.

Mowi, SalMar, Leroy, Grieg, NRS and Bakkafrost combined to produce over 860,000t of salmon in 2018, with plans in place to increase supply by 100,000t next year.

When two of AFP’s most experienced photographers went to photograph orcas high above the Arctic Circle, they didn’t expect to fall in love.
Scientists have discovered that Britain's killer whales may be headed for extinction after chemical pollutants have caused the females to become sterile.
An international team of biologists has set out into some of the roughest waters in the North Pacific Ocean in the middle of winter to try to solve the fundamental mystery of Pacific salmon: What determines whether they live or die?
 The International Union for Conservation of Nature estimates that 38 % of European freshwater fish species are threatened with extinction and 12 are already extinct.
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