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BUILDING A LIVING SOIL

 

Soil is not just a lifeless media in which to grow plants in. Soil is its own living breathing ecosystem with billions of life forms such as worms, microorganisms, fungi, nematodes and other organic and inorganic substances. Building a living soil is key to sustainable soil structure, high fertility, and a healthy soil with a diverse and balanced community of microorganism. Soil that is "dead" will have poor to no drainage, compaction, little to no soil nutrients, little to no life such as worms or fungi and plants with low vitality. However, with some time and amendments containing microorganism, soil can be brought back to life and result in healthy, high producing plants.

HOW IS SOIL LIVING?

Organisms play a significant role in maintaining a healthy soil system. As residues and organic material is decomposed nutrients become available, humus is formed, soil aggregates are formed, water and air channels are created and surface residues and nutrients are brought deeper into the soil. There are five groups in which organisms are separated in the soil. Primary or First Level organisms use fresh residues as their source of food. Many break down large pieces of particles into smaller fragments. Secondary organisms feed on the primary consumers and their waste products. Tertiary organisms feed on the secondary consumers and are considered the predators and grazers. The fourth and fifth consist of increasingly larger predators such as insects and animals. 
 
Organisms have a constant interaction among other organisms within the soil. Some bacteria, such as those found in the gut of earthworms, help decompose organic matter. Others, such as Rhizobium bacteria, rely on the root of the plant to provide shelter and sustenance. In return Rhizobium, which are nitrogen-fixing bacteria, provide necessary plant available nitrogen to the roots. One the opposite spectrum, many organisms directly compete with each other for the same resources. This is generally the case between healthy and unhealthy microorganisms (parasites, viruses). When the quantity of healthy microorganisms is significantly higher, unhealthy microorganisms are out competed resulting in a healthier ecosystem overall.
 
https://www.flickr.com/photos/salamanderspringsfarm/8579581486 

HOW TO BUILD A LIVING SOIL


The diversity of microorganisms and the metabolites they produce will increase the number and diversity of microorganisms in the soil. When microorganisms are activated, protozoans and larger organisms such as worms will increase in number and a healthier ecosystem will result. Soil with diversified microflora will inhibit the growth of specific disease-causing bacteria, which help prevent cultivation failure.

Lactic acid bacteria, yeast, and phototrophic bacteria contained in
EM-1® have the ability to ferment organic substances and prevent putrefaction. Microorganisms decompose organic matter, breaking them down into rich and stable humus by forming soil aggregates with the high levels of polysaccharides (or glue) produced as a secreted byproduct. Stable and well-formed soil aggregate is key to overall soil function. Additionally, microbes like those found in 
EM-1®, support the growth of other beneficial organisms already found in the soil (mycchorrizae, earth worms, insects). Along with adding amendments like EM-1®, adding high quality compost and high quality nutrients throughout the growing season ensures a healthy soil alive with organisms.  

DO I HAVE A LIVING SOIL?
When soils are healthy and living its easy to see. Soils will naturally retain moisture and drain effectively with little to no standing water and be naturally loose and crumbly. The soil will be full of earthworms and smell fresh with little to no odor. One aspect not as noticeable to the naked eye, is healthy soils ability to better absorb and retain nutrients. Soils full of beneficial organisms ensure nutrients are converted into plant available forms resulting in less leaching and waste of nutrients, meaning less fertilizer inputs being needed. Overall, living soil will produce healthier, stronger, and better quality plants. In addition fruits and vegetables grown in healthy soil will be better tasting, more nutritious and last longer once harvested. 

 
Mix with water: approximately 1oz of EM-1® in 1 gallon of water.

Spray on plants and soil: using a watering can or hose end sprayer.

 Spray on compost: Spray to get water & EM•1® into compost mixture.
 
APRIL 2019 RETAILER SPOTLIGHT
Visit Our Retailer that Specializes in Building a Living Soil

We are here to assist organic gardeners in growing the best plants they have ever experienced with a proven natural system from start to finish. We want a compost pile at every house with Living Organic Soil on every patio and in every garden. Our system is based on using combinations of Dynamic Accumulators, Diverse Minerals, and Soil Biology. This combination creates a powerful soil that produces healthy plants and a balanced ecosystem indoors or out.

Contact BuildASoil, LLC
(855) 877-SOIL
5016 N. Townsend
Montrose CO 81401
www.BuildASoil.com
support@BuildASoil.com

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For more information or help with your gardening needs contact TeraGanix at info@teraganix.com or visit us at www.teraganix.com

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