Large scale composting facilities face challenges when it comes to properly aerating compost piles. New and turned piles quickly begin to go anaerobic which can lead to pathogen growth, production of greenhouse gases and odors, and attraction of pests. Frequent turning of piles can cost farms in equipment and man hours as well as release ammonia and methane gases into the air. EM-1® is compatible with numerous types of commercial composting systems and can be used to effectively treat compost odor, green waste, livestock waste, food waste, and most other agricultural, industrial wastes that will be composted. There are four methods of composting when using EM Technology®;
Aerobic Method: The turners and tumblers for composting are designed to allow air into the materials you with to compost. During this process, turning the contraption often and adding water keeps the materials moist. Adding EM-1® Microbial Inoculant to a compost pile helps increase the air flow into the pile, increasing the aerobic microbe populations in the pile. This means you can get more air transfer in a pile with less turning and less work. Add 10 oz of Activated EM-1® for every cubic feet of material (or 90 oz per cubic yard).
Static Pile (Anaerobic Method): This is usually for larger items like sticks and leaves that will take a longer time to break down than grass and food scraps. These piles are usually left for about a year and may be turned once or twice during that time. Add 10 oz of Activated EM-1® for every cubic foot or material (or 90 oz per cubic yard).
Trenching: Get rid of those piles and just dig a hole or trench. After digging a hole or trench that will hold all the organic materials you want to break down, simply back-fill the hole with the materials. As you add them to the hole, spray them until moist with a mixture of water and Activated EM-1®. Add about 10 oz of Activated EM-1® for every cubic foot of material (or 90 oz per cubic yard).
EM-1® Bokashi (Semi-Anaerobic): This is a quick fermentation method that is centuries old. Organic materials (carbon, leaves, grass, wood chips, etc.) are collected and piled. If adding fresh manure mix at a ration of 1 carbon : 20 parts manure. As the materials are piled, water with a solution of EM-1®, molasses, and water (1:1:100). The moisture content of the pile should be about 30-35% moisture. Once moisture is achieved, cover with a tarp and weigh down with rocks and let fermentation take place for about two weeks (the longer the better). After fermentation is complete, the material is ready to incorporate into the soil. White mold is normal and actually a sign of success. Add 1 to 1.5 gallons of EM-1® per cubic yard, diluted into the water that is used to reach proper moisture for composting.