How about neuroplasticity? Can’t a person’s brain fix itself?
Neuroplasticity is defined as the brain's capacity to change and adapt, for example after injuries such as strokes or traumatic brain injuries.
Researchers from University of Lethbridge in Alberta, Canada, have looked at neuroplasticity in people with prenatal alcohol exposure. They found the potential for neuroplasticity to reverse the alcohol-related effects were limited by a few factors:
•Fewer immature neuronal spines meaning less room for maturation, or change, in neurons
•Reduced neurogenesis in the adult hippocampus as well as reduced survival rate of cells (new cell generation is necessary for memory)
•Reduced NMDA receptors, which are the key to plasticity
*summary from www.fascets.org