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Mediterranean Refugees and Migrants
Center for Mediterranean Integration Newsletter
Issue 2 - March 2016
Highlight
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Launch of CMI Online Mediterranean Refugees Knowledge Base
By the Center for Mediterranean Integration (CMI), April 2016: This online knowledge base offers evidence-based analysis on forced displacement in Mediterranean refugee hosting countries. It covers the most affected countries and sub-regions (Middle East, Southern Europe and North Africa). It compiles recent impacts analysis, innovative actions and solutions, which are being implemented by actors at all levels of society and government. This base is part of the CMI’s Mediterranean Refugees and Host Communities program aimed to facilitate knowledge sharing for development solutions to forced displacement between MENA host countries as well as Europe.
Facts and Figures
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Inter-Agency Information Sharing Portal on the Middle East, North Africa and Turkey
By the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR): This web portal presents updated information on Syrians registered in Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Turkey and North Africa.
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Regional Overview: Refugees/ Migrants in the Mediterranean
By the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR): Increasing numbers of refugees and migrants take their chances abroad unseaworthy boats to reach Europe.
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Syrian Asylum Applications
By the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR): Even if it remains low compared to Syria’s neighboring countries, the number of Syrians arriving in Europe seeking international protection continues to increase.
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Migration Flows in Europe
By the International Organization for Migration (IOM): Migrants and refugees continue to arrive in Europe. Some of them also continue to die at sea. This map gives an overview of latest arrivals and fatalities in the Mediterranean.
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Spotlights: Events
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The European Council Confirms its Comprehensive Strategy to Tackle the Migration Crisis
By the European Council, 18 March, 2016: EU leaders discussed further steps to address the migration crisis and EU-Turkey cooperation, in particular, the European Union and Turkey decided to end the irregular migration from Turkey to the EU as of 20 March 2016.
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Syria Crisis Conference 2016
London, United Kingdom, 4 February, 2016: The “Supporting Syria and the Region” conference brought together leaders from around the globe to rise to the challenge of raising the money needed to help millions of people whose lives have been torn apart by the devastating civil war. The conference raised over US$ 11 billion in pledges – $5.8 billion for 2016 and a further $5.4 billion for 2017-20 to enable partners to plan ahead. On 15 March, the European Commission announced €445 million in humanitarian aid for the Syria crisis in 2016 as part of its pledge. Event organized by United Kingdom, Germany, Norway, Kuwait and the United Nations.
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CMI Launch of Joint WB/UNHCR Report “The Welfare of Syrian Refugees: Evidence from Jordan and Lebanon”
Paris, France, 15 February, 2016: Participants and speakers discussed the common welfare of refugees and host communities on the basis of evidence—based report and exchanged on knowledge and innovative solutions that are essential to attain it in the mid- to long-term. Event was organized by the Center for Mediterranean Integration, the World Bank Group and the United Nations, with support from AFD.
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World Bank Group Fragility, Conflict and Violence Forum 2016
Washington DC, USA, 1-3 March, 2016: This year’s Forum focused on how to realize the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in fragile and conflict-affected states. The Forum also featured significant themes of interest including forced displacement that require new ideas from the global community. The CMI contributed to the organization of the cross-regional “Deep Dive Session on Forced Displacement”. Event organized by the World Bank Fragility, Conflict and Violence Global Practice.
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Meeting of the EU Heads of State with Turkey
Brussels, Belgium, 07 March, 2016: Following the announcement of the first projects under the Refugee Facility for Turkey , EU leaders held a meeting with Turkey to strengthen their cooperation on the migration crisis. They pushed for the full and speedy implementation of the EU-Turkey Joint Action Plan , and the reduction of the number of illegal entries from Turkey to Greece. They also discussed some new proposals to address the crisis. Few days later, the Commission contributed to the European Council by setting out six principles for further developing of the EU-Turkey Cooperation. Event organized by the European Union.
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In the News
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Syria Conflict at Five Years
By the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), 15 March, 2016 : As Syria's war reaches another grim milestone, refugees fleeing the five-year conflict face greater hurdles to finding safety while international solidarity with its victims is failing to match and reflect the scale and seriousness of the humanitarian tragedy.
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Meeting Between Mogherini and the King of Jordan
By the European Union External Action (EEAS), 16 March, 2016: Federica Mogherini, EU High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy/Vice-President of the European Commission, met in Brussels with the King of Jordan H.E. Abdullah II to reaffirm the EU engagement with Jordan and to discuss the political and security situation in the region.
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Relocation and Resettlement: EU Member States Urgently Need to Deliver
By the European Commission, 16 March, 2016: Dimitris Avramopoulos, Commissioner for Migration, Home Affairs and Citizenship stated that “We need to see a substantial increase in relocations in the coming days and weeks. Member States also need to provide alternative safe and legal routes to Europe for people in need of international protection and to show solidarity with third countries affected by the refugee crisis through a significant increase in EU resettlement efforts.”
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Council Adopts Instrument for Emergency Assistance within the EU
By the European Commission, 15 March, 2016: The Council adopted a regulation that will allow the EU to help Greece and other member states to address the difficult humanitarian situation caused by the migration crisis. The EU’s humanitarian assistance aims to provide refugees with food, shelter, water, medicine and other basic necessities.
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Can Municipalities Take on the Refugee Crisis?
By the Lebanese Centre for Policy Studies (LCPS), February, 2016: Some government officials have welcomed the larger role of municipalities in the crisis, saying that municipalities are now “tools of development”. As much as this ought to be the case, the question is: are municipalities able to handle the refugee crisis, especially in areas where their number considerably exceeds those of Lebanese? 
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Local Responses to Refugee Crisis: From Initial Reception to Longer Term Integration
By the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD): The OECD Local Economic and Employment Development (LEED) Programme launches this “Call for Initiatives" to extract what local authorities and other actors know works, what the new scenario is demanding and how equipped they are to respond.
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UNHCR Warns of Imminent Humanitarian Crisis in Greece
By the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), 1 March, 2016: The UNHCR warned that Europe is facing an imminent humanitarian crisis, largely of its own making, following a rapid build-up of people in already over-stretched Greece.
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Spotlights: Innovative Actions
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Compendium on Good and Innovative Practices in the Regional Response to the Syria Crisis
By the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), 2015: This compendium takes stock of the knowledge and experience that have accumulated since 2011 and aims both to help systematize good practices and to inform the development of a new generation of crisis response.
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Biometric Cash Assistance
By the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), 2016: UNHCR is now bringing its biometric cash assistance to refugees in the camps through “Cash on Wheels”, making it even easier for refugees in need to access the cash they need to support their families.
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Social Media and SMS Outreach
By the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), 2015: In Za’atari camp, the world’s second largest refugee camp, UNHCR is leveraging social media and SMS technology to communicate with refugees.
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Responses to the Crisis
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Overview: 2016 Syria Humanitarian Response Plan and 2016-2017 Regional Refugee and Resilience Plan
By the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (UNOCHA), 31 January, 2016: The Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) and Regional Refugee and Resilience Plan (3RP) provide a comprehensive response strategy to address the needs of affected populations emerging from the crisis.
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AFD’s Support for Syrian Refugees and Host Communities
By the Agence Française de Développement (AFD), 19 January, 2016: AFD has signed financing agreement to subsidize two Lebanese associations Amel and Arcenciel and Première Urgence Internationale . Those NGOs are carrying projects that aim at improving the living conditions of vulnerable people (Syrian refugees and host communities), and at strengthening local organizations and institutions.
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Regional Refugee and Resilience Response Plan 2016-2017
By the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP): In response to the Syrian crisis, Regional Refugee and Resilience Plans have been released for Egypt , Iraq , Lebanon , Turkey and Jordan .
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Middle East Improving Host Communities’ Capacities for the Delivery of Services
By the World Bank: The World Bank is helping municipalities from Jordan and Lebanon to deal with the pressure placed on their abilities to deliver services to the communities by strengthening the capacity of municipalities in Jordan and by addressing urgent community priorities in selected municipal services in Lebanon. 

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The Jordan Compact
By the Government of Jordan, February 02, 2016: The Government of Jordan has developed a new holistic approach between Jordan and the International Community to deal with the Syrian Refugee Crisis.
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German-Moroccan Partnership on Asylum and International Refugee Protection
By the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ): Launched in 2015, this program aims at strengthening Morocco’s legal and institutional framework for a coherent and humane asylum system.
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Lebanon Emergency Education System Stabilization Project (EESSP)
By the World Bank, 2015: The EESSP has been designed to strengthen the Government of Lebanon’s Reaching All Children with Education (RACE) plan in response to the continued influx of Syrian refugee children in Lebanon. Supported by the Research for Results (R4R) program, the project aims to provide financing for school operating costs; improve the learning environment quality through school rehabilitation, supplemental school financing, national textbook program for public primary schools, strengthening Direction d’Orientation Pédagogique et Scolaire (DOPS); and coordinate on project management and support with the Lebanese Ministry of Education and Higher Education.
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Upcoming Events
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30
Mar

 

Pathways for Admission of Syrian Refugees
Geneva, Switzerland, 30 March 2016: The purpose of the meeting is to explore mechanisms for the admission of Syrian refugees that could be adopted by States to relieve the pressure on countries currently hosting large numbers. Event organized by the UNHCR.
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23-24
May

 

World Humanitarian Summit
Istanbul, Turkey, 23-24 May, 2016: The first-ever World Humanitarian Summit is a call to action by United Nations (UN) Secretary Ban Ki-moon. The challenges and demands of the 21st century are global issues that require global solutions. The World Humanitarian Summit will set and agenda for change to make humanitarian action fir for the great challenges we face now and in the future. Event organized by the UN.
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29-30
May

 

CMI Peer to Peer Learning Workshop for Hosting Communities in the Mashreq and Turkey
Jordan, 29-30 May, 2016 (TBC): The objective of the workshop is to improve municipalities’ local implementation capacities and cooperation at the local level for the reliable delivery of priority services for refugees and vulnerable populations and to support municipalities and local authorities in managing the shock of refugee influx through regional and global “know-how”, best lessons learned and innovative practices in order to strengthen their resilience and development capacities. Event organized by the CMI in collaboration with the World Bank and partners.
Resources and Publications
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Focus on the Mediterranean

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The Refugee Surge in Europe: Economic Challenges
By the International Monetary Fund (IMF), January, 2016: This note focuses on the economic effects of refugees in destination countries in the European Union (EU). It analyzes the short-term effects of refugees on Gross Domestic Product (GDP) growth, and, from the previous experiences of economic migrants and refugees influx, it describes the labor market and long-term fiscal impacts of refugees. 
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2015 Situation Report on International Migration: Migration, Displacement and Development in a Changing Arab Region
By the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia (UNESCWA) and the International Organization for Migration (IOM), 2015: This report aims to provide a new approach to international migration, underpinned by good practice, human rights and a long-term development perspective.
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The Syrian Humanitarian Disaster
By the Refugee Studies Centre, 4 December, 2015: This research brief reports the findings of a study that has sought to: 1) understand the disparity in perceptions, aspirations, and behavior of refugees from Syria, members of host communities, and practitioners in Lebanon, Jordan and Turkey; and 2) identify what measures, if any, are regarded as important by the three target communities for future return and reintegration in Syria when conditions permit.
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Migration of Children to Europe
By the International Organization for Migration (IOM) and the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), 30 November, 2015: In this data brief, IOM and UNICEF examine recent trends in the migration of children to Europe in 2015.
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More on Migration
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Making Integration Work: Refugees and Others in Need of Protection
By the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), 28 January, 2016: This publication takes stock of the experiences of OECD countries with respect to the integration policies for humanitarian migrants. It presents ten lessons and various examples of good policy practice from OECD countries.
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If you wish to contribute to the upcoming issue, please send your contribution to: refugees@cmimarseille.org . Kindly note that due to the large number of submissions, the editorial team reserves the right to select submissions to be featured in each issue.  

This newsletter is produced every two months by the Center for Mediterranean Integration (CMI) as part of its Mediterranean Refugees and Host Communities Knowledge Action Program. It is based on a desk review and presents a selection of updates, publications and events pertaining to the refugee crisis in the Middle East, North Africa, and Europe. 

Opinions expressed are not necessarily those of CMI. This newsletter contains hypertext links to other sites. The CMI assumes no responsibility for those sites.
The Center for Mediterranean Integration (CMI) is a multi-partner platform where development agencies, Governments, local authorities and civil society from around the Mediterranean convene in order to exchange knowledge, discuss public policies, and identify the solutions needed to address key challenges facing the Mediterranean region. Members of the CMI include Egypt, France, Greece, Italy, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Palestinian Authority, Tunisia, Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur Region, City of Marseille, the European Investment Bank and the World Bank Group. 
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Janette Uhlmann (Ph.D)
Senior Program Officer
Center for Mediterranean Integration
The World Bank - Marseille Office
Phone: +33 4 9199 2462
Tieline: 5790+2462
Email: juhlmann@worldbank.org
Web: www.cmimarseille.org







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