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Mediterranean Refugees and Migrants
Center for Mediterranean Integration Newsletter
Issue 1 - January 2016
Editorial
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The The Center for Mediterranean Integration (CMI) is pleased to share with you the first issue of the newsletter of its new Mediterranean Refugee and Host Communities Knowledge Action Program.

The newsletter drives our efforts at addressing the Syrian Refugee Crisis at the regional level by disseminating groundbreaking solutions for refugee hosting, which are being implemented by actors around the Mediterranean at all levels of society and government.

The Syrian Refugee Crisis is the largest population displacement crisis since the Second World War, and it is having a major humanitarian and development impact on the neighboring countries. While its spill-over effects can already be felt in Europe, these remain minimal compared to hosting efforts provided by Turkey, Lebanon and Jordan. Nevertheless, the flow of refugees to Europe is having a major impact on European public opinion and politics.

The Center for Mediterranean Integration seeks to share successful experiences of refugee hosting from member countries and partners around the Mediterranean, by showcasing the most innovative solutions and experiences that countries, aid organizations, NGOs and local governments are implementing. We aim to support the ongoing work in the region, help coordination among actors and provide better life options for those who are affected by this crisis.

Sharing the numerous humanitarian and development actions and solutions at hand is essential to increase the effectiveness and cooperative learning of various actors. We will also seek to raise awareness about the most vulnerable groups affected by this crisis, notably youth and women. Finally, we will promote innovative solutions and ideas, especially regarding how refugees could be supported to become economic actors in their host communities, as a first step towards preparing their eventual return and reconstruction of Syria once peace is established again.

We invite you to contribute to future editions for mutual exchanges and wish you an informative read!

Mourad Ezzine, CMI Manager
Facts and Figures
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Refugees/Migrants Emergency Response - Mediterranean - By UNHCR
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Migration Flows Europe – By IOM
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In the News
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By UNHCR, 7 January, 2016
Solutions Needed to Stem Global Refugee Crisis
With record numbers of refugees and displaced people worldwide, the new head of the UN Refugee Agency Filippo Grandi has urged greater diplomatic efforts to find solutions to conflicts and abuses driving people from their homes.
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img Photo: AFP/Christof Stache
By the Wall Street Journal, 31 December, 2015
Some of Syria’s Neighbors See an Economic Boost from Refugees
Countries hosting the bulk of Syrian refugees are seeing their economies expand at some of their best clips in years, suggesting the influx of refugees may be helping to offset the effects of the Syrian war on neighboring economies.
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img Photo: Reuters/Giorgos Moutafis
By the Jordan Times, 31 December, 2015
Jordan Mobilizing International Platforms to Fund Refugee Response Plan
The 2016-2018 Jordan Response Plan (JRP) to the Syrian crisis includes several interventions, programmes and projects that require around $7.99 billion, Planning and International Cooperation Minister Imad Fakhoury said.
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img Photo: UNICEF/Alessio Romenzi
By the United Nations News Centre, 23 December, 2015
Conditions of Syrian Refugees in Lebanon Worsen Considerably, UN Reports
Some 70 per cent of the over 1 million Syrian refugees in Lebanon now live below the Lebanese extreme poverty line, a big rise over 2014, and food insecurity is mounting, the United Nations reported today, calling for greater access to the domestic labour market to mitigate the crisis.
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img Photo: Reuters/Dimitris Michalakis
By the World Bank, 14 December, 2015
Call for Ideas to Improve Development Response for Refugees and Internally Displaced Persons
Global Program on Forced Displacement (GPFD) is calling for proposals for innovative and transformational ideas that can improve the development response to forced displacement.
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Spotlights: Innovative Actions
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Humanitarian Innovation that Starts with Communities
By Oxford University, 17 July, 2015: This report focuses on examples and case studies of ‘bottom-up innovation’ among different refugee populations. Whether in the immediate aftermath of displacement or in long-term protracted situations, in both urban and rural areas, refugees frequently engage in innovation. Being adaptive and creative is often necessary in order to meet basic needs, to develop income-generating activities, or to keep long-term aspirations alive.
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Merhaba! Strengthening Morocco’s Policies on Migration and Refugee Protection
By Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ): Launched in 2015, this program aims at supporting 10 selected Moroccan municipalities in hosting migrants and refugees, through capacity building, knowledge sharing, and peer to peer learning.
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Responses to the Crisis
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The Lebanon Response Plan for the Syria Crisis
By the Government of Lebanon, 2015: The Lebanon Crisis Response Plan 2015-16 (LCRP) is an integrated strategy for Lebanon in the context of the Syria crisis and aims to serve the collective aims for Lebanon’s poor and Syria’s displaced families.
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The Jordan Response Plan for the Syria Crisis
By the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan-Ministry of Planning and Cooperation, 2015: The Jordan Response Plan (JRP) is the first nationally-led responses of its kind, joining refugee and development responses in one comprehensive national plan.
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img Photo: Associated Press
Turkey’s Response to the Syrian Refugee Crisis and the Road Ahead
By the World Bank Group, December 2015: The Government of Turkey and the World Bank are working in partnership on a program of technical assistance that aims to identify and mitigate the impact of Syrians under Temporary Protection (SuTPs) on Turkish hosting communities.
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The Migrant and Refugee Fund Response to the Crisis in Europe
By the European Investment Bank (EIB), 18 November 2015: On October 29, 2015 EIB made a EUR 5 million contribution to the Migrant and Refugee Fund (MRF) established by the Council of Europe Development Bank (CEB). The Fund was created to assist CEB countries with the refugees’ reception and transit centers. The EIB also approved a 120 million EUR loan, the first ever to be granted to help local authorities housing refugees and asylum seeker at a number of sites in Brandenburg, Germany.
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img Photo: New York Times/Lynsey Addario
Financing to Promote Peace and Stability in the Middle East and North Africa
By the World Bank, December 2015: In addition to the devastating magnitude of human suffering, the last four years of instability in the Middle East and North Africa have taken a massive economic toll that threatens the long-term prospects of the region. Going forward, any potential political solutions will have to be accompanied by the substantial funding needed to consolidate peace and pave the path back to stability. 
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img Photo: Associated Press/Borce Popovski
Timeline – Response to Migratory Pressures
By the European Council and the Council of the European Union, 2015: The following timeline gives an overview of the key developments in the work of the Council and the European Council to build an EU response to migratory pressures. 
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img Photo: Associated Press/Darko Vojinovic
State of Play: Measures to Address the Refugee Crisis
By the European Commission, January 2016: The European agenda on Migration adopted by the Commission in May 2015 set out the need for a comprehensive approach to migration management. Since then, a number of measures have been introduced. 
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Regional Refugee and Migrant Response Plan (RMRP) for Europe: Eastern Mediterranean and Western Balkans Route
By UNHCR, January, 2016: The regional RMRP presents a framework for an inter-agency response to the refugee and migrant mass flows into Europe through the Eastern Mediterranean and Western Balkans route.
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Recent Events
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Focus on the Mediterranean
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Supporting Mashreq Host Countries in their Development Agenda
Marseille, France, 07 September, 2015: Sixty decision-making representatives from Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Tunisia, Turkey and European countries affected by the refugee crisis, development and financing partners, practitioners and technical experts on fragility and conflict gathered in Marseille to discuss the long term development implications of the refugee crisis in the Mashreq. Event organized by the World Bank, the Center for Mediterranean Integration, the United Nations agencies (UNHCR, UNDP, and UN-ESCWA) as well as the French Development Agency (AFD).
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International Ministerial Roundtable on the Sidelines of the Annual Meetings of the WBG and IMF
Lima, Peru, 10 October, 2015: The World Bank Group, the United Nations and the Islamic Development Bank Group have launched a new financing initiative to raise the funds required for countries to cope with refugees, jumpstart growth and recover and rebuild. A working group was set up to develop an implementation roadmap by February 2016.
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Resilience Development Forum
Dead Sea, Jordan, 8-9 November, 2015: Hosted by the Government of Jordan, the Resilience Development Forum considered a new vision of the response to the crisis, now well into its fifth year. Participants represented key humanitarian and development stakeholders, including UN agencies, international financial institutions, donors, international and national non-governmental organizations, and the private sector alongside senior government representatives from countries affected by the Syria crisis. Event organized by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).
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Launch of the 2015 Situation Report on International Migration: Migration, Displacement and Development in a Changing Arab Region
Beirut, Lebanon, 14 January, 2016: Event organized by UNESCWA.
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More on Migration
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Valletta Summit on Migration
Valletta, Malta, 11-12 November, 2015: The Valletta summit on migration brought together European and African Heads of State and Government in an effort to strengthen cooperation and address the current challenges but also the opportunities of migration. It recognized that migration is a shared responsibility of countries of origin, transit and destination. Event organized by the European Council.
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Upcoming Events
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04
Feb

 

Syria Crisis Conference 2016
London, United Kindgom, 04 February, 2016: The conference will seek to raise significant new funding to meet the needs of those affected by the crisis in Syria itself and of supporting neighboring countries hosting refugees. Event organized by United Kingdom, Germany, Norway, Kuwait and the United Nations.
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15
Feb

 

Launch of Joint WB/UNHCR Report: The Welfare of Syrian Refugees: Evidence from Jordan and Lebanon. Cross-Regional Learning on Hosting Refugees between Mashreq and Europe
Paris, France, 15 February, 2016: Event organized by the Center for Mediterranean Integration in cooperation with the World Bank Group and UNHCR, and support of the French Development Agency (AFD).
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Resources and Publications
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Focus on the Mediterranean - Highlights
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The Welfare of Syrian Refugees: Evidence from Jordan and Lebanon
By the World Bank Group and the UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR), December 2015:: The report shows that beyond poverty, a majority of registered Syrian refugees in Jordan and Lebanon, are highly vulnerable to both monetary and food shocks, underscoring the imperative to coordinate humanitarian and development responses to the crisis.
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Global and Other Regions

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Global Program on Forced Displacement: Annual Progress Report 2015
By the World Bank Group (WBG), June 2015: In the past 18 months, the WBG has seen a dramatic increase in client demand for development work on forced displacement, particularly in the World Bank Group Sub-Saharan Africa Region (AFR) and Middle East and North Africa (MENA) regions. To meet this demand, Global Program on Forced Displacement (GPFD) is scaling up its analytical, operational and partnership support to country and regional teams.
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IOM 2015 World Migration Report
By the International Organization for Migration (IOM), December 2015: The report focuses on how migration and migrants are shaping cities and how the life of migrants is shaped by cities, their people, organizations and rules. It reveals that nearly one in five of all migrants live in the world’s 20 largest cities and that increasingly, the cities of developing countries have become places of both immigration and emigration, given the growing South-South migration – population movements among low- and middle-income countries.
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To subscribe to this newsletter visit the following link and sign up.

If you wish to contribute to the upcoming issue, please send your contribution to: refugees@cmimarseille.org. Kindly note that due to the large number of submissions, the editorial team reserves the right to select submissions to be featured in each issue.

This newsletter is produced every two months by the Center for Mediterranean Integration (CMI) as part of its Mediterranean Refugees and Host Communities Knowledge Action Program. It is based on a desk review and presents a selection of updates, publications and events pertaining to the refugee crisis in the Middle East, North Africa, and Europe.

Opinions expressed are not necessarily those of CMI. This newsletter contains hypertext links to other sites. The CMI assumes no responsibility for those sites.
The Center for Mediterranean Integration (CMI) is a multi-partner platform where development agencies, Governments, local authorities and civil society from around the Mediterranean convene in order to exchange knowledge, discuss public policies, and identify the solutions needed to address key challenges facing the Mediterranean region. Members of the CMI include Egypt, France, Greece, Italy, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Palestinian Authority, Tunisia, Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur Region, City of Marseille, the European Investment Bank and the World Bank Group.
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Center for Mediterranean Integration (CMI) · Villa Valmer, 271 Corniche Kennedy · 13007 Marseille – France · Marseille 13007 · France

Janette Uhlmann (Ph.D)
Senior Program Officer
Center for Mediterranean Integration
The World Bank - Marseille Office
Phone: +33 4 9199 2462
Tieline: 5790+2462
Email: juhlmann@worldbank.org
Web: www.cmimarseille.org