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Mediterranean Refugees and Migrants
Center for Mediterranean Integration Newsletter
Issue 3 - June 2016
Facts and Figures
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Inter-Agency Information Sharing Portal on the Middle East, North Africa and Turkey
By the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR): This web portal presents updated information on Syrians registered in Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Turkey and North Africa.
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Regional Overview: Refugees/ Migrants in the Mediterranean
By the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR): Increasing numbers of refugees and migrants take their chances abroad unseaworthy boats to reach Europe.
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MHub April Mixed Migration Trend Bulletin
By MHub, April, 2016: A monthly trend bulletin that covers mixed migration events to, through and from North Africa with a country specific focus on Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Niger, Sudan, Tunisia, Greece and Italy.
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Migration Flows in Europe
By the International Organization for Migration (IOM): Migrants and refugees continue to arrive in Europe. Some of them also continue to die at sea. This map gives an overview of latest arrivals and fatalities in the Mediterranean.
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Spotlights: Events
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Municipalities at the Forefront of the Refugee Crisis: Peer-to-Peer Learning Workshop for Communities Hosting Refugees
Amman, Jordan, 30 May-01 June, 2016: 140 representatives of municipalities, central government, civil society, as well as development and humanitarian institutions from the Middle East, North Africa (MENA) and Turkey, gathered to attend a peer-to-peer learning workshop targeting municipalities hosting refugees. The main objective of the workshop was to foster cross-regional exchanges and learning between host communities on best practices and innovative solutions to attain the common welfare of refugees and host communities. Event organized by the CMI, the World Bank Group and the United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-Habitat) in partnership with the German International Cooperation Agency (GIZ), the International Rescue Committee (IRC), the United Cities and Local Governments Middle East and West Asia Section (UCLG-MEWA), the Agency for Technical Cooperation and Development (ACTED), and MedCities.
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United Cities and Local Governments, Middle East and West Asia Section (UCLG-MEWA) 2016 Congress
Gaziantep, Turkey, 19-21 April 2016: The event addressed how the international community could support local governments cope with the Syrian refugee crisis as well as set up a management strategy for the possible changes in the urban migration flux. The Center for Mediterranean Integration (CMI) contributed to the session on multi-actor cooperation opportunities for municipalities facing Syrian migratory influx by presenting its Mediterranean Refugees and Host Communities Knowledge Action Program. It also invited 10 municipal representatives from Jordan and Lebanon to take part in a technical visit of refugee management facilities organized by the Gaziantep municipality. This peer-to peer learning visit provided insights in Gaziantep’s innovative approaches to integrate Syrian refugees in the local community. Event organized by UCLG-MEWA.
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World Humanitarian Summit: Standing up for Humanity: Committing to Action
Istanbul, Turkey, 23-24 May, 2016: The first World Humanitarian Summit on 23-24 May 2016 in Istanbul convened 9000 participants from 173 Member States, including 55 Heads of State and Government, hundreds of private sector representatives, and thousands of people from civil society and nongovernmental organizations. Event organized by the United Nations (UN).
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Local Authorities from the Mediterranean Call for Help to Tackle the Refugee Crisis
Nicosia, Cyprus, 20-22 March, 2016: Cities of the Mediterranean are not equipped to face the refugee crisis, stressed representatives from Lebanon, Jordan and Turkey at a debate organized by the European platform of local and regional authorities for development (PLATFORMA) during the Congress of European Municipalities and Regions (CEMR). They called for concrete help from the European Union (EU) local authorities to ensure a better integration of migrants in host communities.
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ACTED Brings Together Syrian Refugees and Services Providers in Jordan
Al Mafraq, Jordan, 30 May, 2016: ACTED has organized the first two food security project outreach events with the World Food Programme (WFP).
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2016 IMF-WBG Spring Meetings
Washington DC, United States, 15-17 April, 2016: As part of the 2016 Spring Meetings , the World Bank Group (WBG) organized a session on forced displacement: a global development challenge.
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9th International Conference on Migration and Development
Florence, Italy, 13-14 June, 2016: This conference is devoted to investigating ways in which international migration affects economic and social change in developing countries. Possible topics include the effects of migration on poverty, inequality, and human capital formation; social networks and migration; diaspora externalities; remittances; brain drain; migration and institutional/technological change. Event organized by the French Development Agency (AFD) Research Department, the World Bank Development Research Group (DECRG) and the Migration Policy Centre of the European University Institute (MPC-EUI).
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World Refugee Day
By the United Nations (UN), 20 June, 2016: The UN General Assembly, adopted on 4 December 2000, resolution 55/76 where it noted that 2001 marked the 50th anniversary of the 1951 Convention relating to the status of refugees, and that the Organization of African Unity (OAU) had agreed to have the international refugee day coincide with Africa refugee day on 20 June.
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Pathways for Admission of Syrian Refugees
Geneva, Switzerland, 30 March, 2016: This conference on the plight of Syrian refugees concluded with new offers of resettlement places and other forms of humanitarian admission places by States, but also highlighting the challenges over the next three years in narrowing the gap between the number of places countries are willing to offer for Syrian refugees and the number the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) believes is urgently required. Event organized by UNHCR.
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In the News
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Mediterranean Death Toll Soars in First 5 Months of 2016
By the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), 31 May, 2016: UNHCR says series of shipwrecks and capsizing last week now appears to have claimed at least 880 lives.
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New Arrivals Terminal Opens at Lebanon-Syria Border Crossing
By the International Organization for Migration (IOM), 31 May, 2016: Lebanon’s general directorate of general security, with the support of the IOM and funding from the government of Kuwait, opened a new arrival terminal at Aboudiyeh border post between Lebanon and Syria.
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UNICEF Steps Up Response to the Migration Crisis in Greece
By the United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund (UNICEF), 31 May, 2016: Amid mounting concern over a fresh surge in the number of refugees and migrants bound for Europe, UNICEF is adjusting its strategy in support of the response by the authorities and civil society in Greece, where the humanitarian and longer-term needs of more than 22,000 children are growing.
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Supporting Municipalities in Responding to the Refugees Crisis
By the Lebanese Center for Policy Studies (LCPS), 14 May, 2016: Since refugees first began arriving in Lebanon, municipalities have been forced to shoulder an ever growing share of responsibility, as they are now tasked with using limited resources and capacities to deliver services to both Lebanese residents and refugees. The current state of affairs is expected to continue presenting challenges to Lebanon for the foreseeable future, meaning more responsibilities will fall on local governments.
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The Council of the European Union Adopts Recommendation for Continuation of Internal Border Controls
By the Council of the European Union, 12 May, 2016: The Council adopted an implementing decision setting out a recommendation allowing for the continuation of temporary internal border control in exceptional circumstances.
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Syrian Resettlement to Europe Picks up Following EU-Turkey Agreement
By the International Organization for Migration (IOM), 26 April, 2016: Following the 4th April launch of the European Union (EU)-Turkey agreement on migrant returns and resettlement, IOM has facilitated the resettlement of 350 Syrians from Turkey to Europe.
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WBG president and UN Secretary General Visit the MENA Region
By the World Bank Group (WBG) and the United Nations (UN), March 2016: The WBG’ President Jim Yong Kim and the UN’ Secretary General Ban Ki-Moon visited Iraq , Jordan , Lebanon and Tunisia to communicate the international community’s commitment to support the region as it copes with the consequences of conflict and instability, and to strengthen the growing partnerships between the organizations.
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Spotlights: Innovative Actions
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WFP ShareTheMeal App Now Raising Funds for Syrian Refugee Children in Lebanon
By the World Food Programme (WFP), 27 April, 2016: ShareTheMeal’s fundraising goal in Lebanon will support 1,400 refugee children aged 3–4 in Beirut for a full year.
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NRC to Install 160 Solar Water Heaters for Jordanians Hosting Syrian Families
By the Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC), 20 April, 2016: In cooperation with the Jordanian ministry of energy and mineral resources, the NRC will install 160 solar hot water systems as part of a renewable energy project designed to contribute to the Government of Jordan’s 2020 renewable energy goals in the energy mix.
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Refugees and the Technology of Exile
By the Wilson Quarterly, Spring 2016: Apps, real-time translation services, and other online tools are helping Syrians and other refugees in Turkey forge new lives for themselves.
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Responses to the Crisis
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Delivery of Justice Sector Services to Poor Jordanians and Refugees in Host Communities
By The World Bank, 10 May, 2016: The development objective is to increase access to justice sector services for poor Jordanians, particularly women, and refugees in host communities through innovative service delivery reforms where public sector services are strained by hosting of refugees.
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UNDP in Turkey: Mitigating the Impact of Syrian Crisis on Host Communities
By the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), 10 May, 2016: UNDP’s response to the impacts of the Syria crisis in Turkey, is through the Turkey Chapter of the Regional Refugee and Resilience Plan (3RP) contributing towards Turkey’s overall crises response in close partnership with Government and contributions of participating United Nations Agencies.
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900 Million Euros to Help Jordan Host Syrian Refugees
By the Agence Française de Dévelopement (AFD), 19 April, 2016: On the occasion of the official visit of the French President François Holland in Jordan, AFD and the government of Jordan signed an agreement in Amman, committing France to finance, via loans worth 900 million euros, sectors weakened by the influx of Syrian refugees.
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International Community Endorses MENA Financing Initiative
By the World Bank, 15 April, 2016: At an international pledging conference, nine donors pledged US$140 million in grants, US$1 billion in soft loans, and US$500 million in guarantees to the “Middle East and North Africa (MENA) Financing Initiative”, a new initiative consisting of two distinct financing facilities supporting Syrian refugees and host communities in Jordan and Lebanon, as well as post-conflict reconstruction and economic recovery programs across the MENA region.
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Jordan Response Platform for the Syria Crisis
By the Jordan Ministry of Planning and International Cooperation, 2016: The Jordan Response Platform for the Syria Crisis (JRPSC) constitutes the strategic partnership mechanism for the development of a comprehensive refugee, resilience-strengthening and development response to the impact of the Syria crisis on Jordan.
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Regional Technical Offices: Improving Municipal Planning and Enhancing Local Governance
By United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-Habitat), 1 December, 2015: As part of UN-Habitat Lebanon project’s implementation strategy at the regional and local levels, 11 Regional Rechnical Offices (RTOs) have been established in Bekaa, Tripoli, Mount and South Lebanon since 2007. RTOs assist the union and municipalities in setting priorities and in promoting the establishment of regional long-term strategic development.
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GIZ to Support Communities Hosting Refugees
By the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ): GIZ is improving the living conditions of refugees and displaced persons with a range projects: in Jordan through water wise plumbers and solid waste management ; and in Turkey through schools and community centres and by strengthening social cohesion between Syrian refugees and Turkish host communities
Resources and Publications
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Focus on the Mediterranean

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The Economic Impact of Forced Migration
By Uri Dadush and Mona Niebuhr, 22 April, 2016: Forced migration flows which are mismanaged, as at present, create large negative political and economic externalities for the world as a whole. Concerns of advanced countries that accepting forced migrants will cause job losses or falling wages, and place an undue burden on the public purse, are largely unjustified. Although there is no perfect scheme for allocating the burden, any solution must envisage increased numbers of refugees settling in the North and increased aid for the countries in the South with the largest numbers of refugees.
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A Future in the Balance
By the Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC), April 2016: This study conducted in Jordan, Lebanon, Turkey and the Kurdish Region of Iraqaimed to better understand the needs, aspirations and challenges faced by displaced and local community youth aged between 15 and 24. The findings of this research confirmed that across the Middle East a whole generation of young people from Syria and refugee-hosting countries is losing hope in the future.
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More on Migration
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Measuring Well-Governed Migration: the 2016 Migration Governance Index
By the Economist Intelligence Unit, 2016: This document contains the methodology and key findings of a policy-benchmarking framework that assesses country-specific migration governance policies and institutions. The analysis and content of this report cover the period from October 2015 to February 2016.
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If you wish to contribute to the upcoming issue, please send your contribution to: refugees@cmimarseille.org . Kindly note that due to the large number of submissions, the editorial team reserves the right to select submissions to be featured in each issue.  

This newsletter is produced every two months by the Center for Mediterranean Integration (CMI) as part of its Mediterranean Refugees and Host Communities Knowledge Action Program . It is based on a desk review and presents a selection of updates, publications and events pertaining to the refugee crisis in the Middle East, North Africa, and Europe. 

Opinions expressed are not necessarily those of CMI. This newsletter contains hypertext links to other sites. The CMI assumes no responsibility for those sites.
The Center for M editerranean Integration (CMI) is a multi-partner platform where development agencies, Governments, local authorities and civil society from around the Mediterranean convene in order to exchange knowledge, discuss public policies, and identify the solutions needed to address key challenges facing the Mediterranean region. Members of the CMI include Egypt, France, Greece, Italy, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Palestinian Authority, Tunisia, Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur Region, City of Marseille, the European Investment Bank and the World Bank Group. 
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Janette Uhlmann (Ph.D)
Senior Program Officer
Center for Mediterranean Integration
The World Bank - Marseille Office
Phone: +33 4 9199 2462
Tieline: 5790+2462
Email: juhlmann@worldbank.org
Web: www.cmimarseille.org






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