Brighton & Hove LSCB
Safeguarding Briefing: Neglect March 2017
Neglect & emotional abuse is one of the priority concerns of Brighton & Hove LSCB and our partners.
Neglect is the persistent failure to meet a child’s basic physical and/or psychological needs likely to result in the serious impairment of the child’s health or development. The damaging effects of severe neglect can lead to accidental injuries, poor health, disability, poor emotional and physical development, lack of self-esteem, mental health problems and even suicide.
During 2016-19 the LSCB will be undertaking a range of activities to better understand how we can work together to combat neglect and improve outcomes for children. A working group is developing a Neglect Strategy for the partnership, and a multi-agency audit on neglect is nearing completion.
Neglect Learning Review
Last year the Case Review Subcommittee commissioned a Learning Review on a family with a long-standing history of neglect. The Learning Review identified several findings about the safeguarding system in Brighton & Hove, including:
the importance of maintaining multi-agency work when a case is going to court;
use of chronologies to track neglectful behaviour,
the need for flexible approaches to managing complex cases effectively.
how professionals can work effectively with women and children experiencing domestic abuse, who do not recognise this behaviour as abusive.
the use of interpreters, and the importance that they understand the complexity of Child Protection procedures and legal processes and can communicate these concepts effectively
Joint Targeted Area Inspection
You will remember, in 2016 a new multi agency inspection framework was launched – the Joint Targeted Area Inspection. This is designed to be a short sharp multi-agency inspection that will look at the front door for services and arrangements for children in need of help and protection and then also a themed deep dive. Neglect will be the next 6 month deep dive theme and this is due to commence in the first week in May 2017.
The ‘deep dive’ focus will be on: prevention; identification and initial responses to neglect; assessment and intervention; and impact of the work undertaken by agencies in protecting and meeting the needs of children who are or have experienced neglect. A key focus will be on multi-agency responses to neglect. Given the particular challenge with identifying when this type of abuse has reached the threshold for referral for early help or to children’s social care or for action by the courts, the different thresholds of intervention will be of particular interest. Schools will be included in relation to prevention, identification and response to neglect.
What will your #StopLookListen17 pledge be for National Safeguarding Month? To mark the start of National Safeguarding Month on 28 February, UK Youth is calling on all organisations that work with young people to:
Stop what they’re doing Look at their safeguarding practices and Listen to young people and take action before the end of March.
Show your support by pledging to review and positively improve your safeguarding practices. Share your pledge using #StopLookListen17 and find out more at www.ukyouth.org/stoplooklisten17 Brighton & Hove LSCB have produced some materials to promote potential signs of abuse and neglect to the wider public, and to spread the message that Safeguarding is Everyone's Responsibility. If you would like some posters or fliers to display in your place of work please contact us at LSCB@Brighton-Hove.gov.uk or call the office on 01273 292379. LSCB A4 Poster and LSCB A5 flier
National CSE Awareness Day
Saturday 18 March 2017 is National Child Sexual Exploitation Awareness Raising Day, organised each year by the National Charity NWG Network. This day aims to highlight the issues surrounding child sexual exploitation; encouraging everyone to think, spot and speak out against abuse and adopt a zero tolerance to adults developing inappropriate relationships with children.
Show your support by writing a personal pledge and posting to your social media with the hashtag #HelpingHands to help raise awareness of CSE, or share one of the videos we used in last year's campaign to stop CSE in Sussex:
New Government Definition & Guidance: Child Sexual Exploitation
The Department for Education has published new guidance for practitioners on child sexual exploitation in February 2017. This includes a new definition of CSE that makes it clear that child sexual exploitation is a form of child sexual abuse. Sexual abuse may involve physical contact, including assault by penetration (for example, rape or oral sex) or non penetrative acts such as masturbation, kissing, rubbing and touching outside clothing. It may include non-contact activities, such as involving children in the production of sexual images, forcing children to look at sexual images or watch sexual activities, encouraging children to behave in sexually inappropriate ways or grooming a child in preparation for abuse (including via the internet).
The definition of child sexual exploitation is as follows:
Child sexual exploitation is a form of child sexual abuse. It occurs where an individual or group takes advantage of an imbalance of power to coerce, manipulate or deceive a child or young person under the age of 18 into sexual activity (a) in exchange for something the victim needs or wants, and/or (b) for the financial advantage or increased status of the perpetrator or facilitator. The victim may have been sexually exploited even if the sexual activity appears consensual. Child sexual exploitation does not always involve physical contact; it can also occur through the use of technology.
Boys and men are also negatively affected by gender stereotyping, often as a result of the view that to have ‘feminine’ attributes is to be lesser and weaker.
Whole school approaches to challenging and preventing sexism and promoting gender equality are needed to ensure that we take sexism as seriously as other forms of prejudice such as racism or homophobia. The Equality and Anti-Bullying Schools Strategy Group have produced a guide for schools, informed by focus groups with young people to supporting staff to appropriately challenge sexist and sexual language and gender stereotyping. Read more in A brief guide to challenging sexist and sexual language and bullying
Would you like to add a training skill to your qualifications ?
Then why not join the LSCB Training Pool? Our trainers come from a range of organisations across the city and deliver our multi agency safeguarding training programme. The assorted skills and experience these professionals bring enhance face to face courses and are a great asset in the the development of new sessions and keeping our materials up to date.
We will be commissioning a certified “Train the Trainers” course in the spring to equip our new trainers with the necessary skills and confidence to deliver our training. You need to discuss this opportunity with your line manager, as there is an expectation that you will commit to delivering at least 3 days training per year and also attend the training pool meetings three times a year.
If you are passionate about keeping children & young people safe and are interested in joining our growing team of trainers, please contact the LSCB Learning & Development Officer Dave Hunt at David.Hunt@brighton-hove.gov.uk or call 01273 295993 for an informal chat.
Tuesday 16 March 2017: 1pm-4pm Introduction to Harmful Practices:Female Genital Mutilation, Forced Marriage and so-called ‘Honour’ Based Violence
This training, provided by Safe in the City, will explore the definitions and practices associated with female genital mutilation (FGM), forced marriage and ‘so called’ honour based violence, placing these within a wider context of Violence against Women and Girls (VAWG). The session will focus on communities these commonly take place within and the procedures if a disclosure of, or a risk is presented of a harmful practice taking place.
At the end of the workshop, participants will be able to:
Demonstrate a clear understanding of different harmful practices
Identify the risk factors that can render women and girls vulnerable to harmful practices
Identify the signs that a woman or girl is at risk of, or experiencing, harmful practice/s
Describe the legislative and policy frameworks that exist for the prevention of harmful practices, the safeguarding of women and girls and the prosecution of perpetrators
Understand that while harmful practices can have a disproportionate impact on some groups, they are a form of VAWG, are interconnected with other forms of domestic and sexual violence and abuse and are likely to co-exist within the same family environment
Wednesday 5 April & Thursday 6 April 2017: two hours
Learning from Case Reviews: Neglect
Neglect & Emotional Harm is one of the priorities of Brighton & Hove Local Safeguarding Children Board, and we recently completed a multi-agency Learning Review on a long-standing neglect case.
It is important if Brighton & Hove is to become a safer place for children to live for everyone to embrace the learning from reviews and take the necessary steps to help put right the issues identified. This briefing session will share the learning and key messages from this review, and provide practitioners across the partnership with an opportunity to consider the findings about the effectiveness of local practice
Working with Disguised Compliance and Forceful Counter Argument in Safeguarding
Disguised compliance involves parents giving the appearance of co-operating with child welfare agencies to avoid raising suspicions and allay concerns. Published case reviews highlight that professionals sometimes delay or avoid interventions due to parental disguised compliance. It is hard for professionals to work with families where there may be lack of cooperation and/or a hostile attitude. When there are child welfare/protection issues, a failure to engage with the family may have serious implications and non-intervention is not an option. This course has been produced to support professionals working with these problematic dynamics. Read some thoughts on disguised compliance from our trainer.
Domestic Violence and Abuse: the Impact on Children and Young People
This course is delivered in partnership with RISE, who have been providing support services for victims of domestic abuse and for their children for over 20 years in Brighton & Hove. This training deals with the aspects of emotional harm, physical risk and neglect often associated with domestic abuse. It will help you to develop an understanding of the issues faced by families in this situation, the impact of this kind of abuse, and will also signpost you to local multi-agency support available to intervene and thus reduce the risk to those impacted
Multi-Agency Public Protection Arrangements (MAPPA) Workshop
This course will help you understand the Multi Agency Public Protection Arrangements (MAPPA) and how their implementation and coordination monitors and manages the potential risk presented by offenders who reside within the community.
This full day event will help you identify children who may be victims of sexual abuse, and consider how to respond appropriately, including liaising with the children's SARC for CSA medicals, and working alongside police investigations. It will also raise your awareness of the support that is in place to support the child or young person.
This course will broaden participants’ understanding of child neglect, and provide an opportunity to explore local multi-agency responses to child neglect through scenarios and discussion, helping practitioners identify individual learning about child neglect and multi-agency working, whilst identifying what aspects of the system help and hinder good practice
Mental Health & Children’s Services Working Together with Families
This course brings together staff working in adult mental health services with children’s service’s staff to explore the way parental mental health difficulties can impact on the lives of children and young people. The session explores how they can work together to create better outcomes for families.
The aim is to promote effective working together across agencies when working with families where a parent or carer has a mental health problem.
By the end of this course you will:
understanding of the roles of professionals in other specialist area, what they do & what they provide
consider ways in which parental mental ill health and parenting capacity interact
understand the potential effects of mental health difficulties for children
explore how to plan and undertake assessments & interventions in families where a parent or young person has a mental health difficulty
This training will help those professionals who talk to children and young people during the course of an assessment or child protection investigation develop and enhance their communication skills, centred on the views of the child or young person. The session will involve a young care leaver discussing how different kinds of communication impacted on their interaction with safeguarding professionals
At the end of this course participants will:
understand of the importance of listening to children and young people, including the relevant legislative and policy context.
be able to consider the issues children and young people may need to communicate to professionals and the different styles they might use to do so.
recognise the barriers to children and young people’s communication, including why they sometimes do not tell about abuse.
be aware of and appreciate the impact of their own communication styles and responses upon children and young people.
improved their skills to assist their communication with children and young people
This workshop will raise awareness of how multi-agency work can help address issues that may cause potential risk or harm to the children cared for by parents with a learning disability. It will look at best practice when working with these families and the local support available
At the end of this course participants will:
have a better understanding of cognitive assessments and understanding differences between a learning disability and difficulty.
be aware of the challenges faced by parents with learning disabilities and their children, as well as protective factors.
be able to demonstrate good practice when engaging and communicating with parents who have a learning disability, including advocacy services.
know referral pathways to specialist services and interventions (including PAMS) that can support parents and their children.
Understand what is required when working with families in a child in need and child protection context.
Some of the serious effects of parental substance misuse for children include abuse, neglect, emotional problems, educational difficulties, being young carers of parents or siblings, and an increased risk of misusing drugs or alcohol themselves.
This course is included within the training programme as it clearly highlights these issues facing children and young people who live within the households where substance misuse is an issue. You will learn about what agency services are available to support the whole family, thus reducing or removing the potential risk/s of abuse.
Child Sexual Exploitation: Working with Young People at Risk
Presented by The WiSE Project, this is the second of our CSE training days, following on from Preventing & Disrupting the Sexual Exploitation of Children & Young People. This session will build on the basic CSE awareness and provide workers with the confidence and skills to work with young people around issues relating to CSE and explore ways of working directly with young people in more detail. There is also an enhanced focus on on-line safety and police disruption techniques as well as an outline of the local picture of CSE with reference to serious case review recommendations.