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SUMMARY

WHO
European Institutions

European Organisations
Civil Society
International Media
National Media

WHO

World Immunisation Week

WHO, 24-30 April 2017

The World Immunisation Week took place in the last week of April, on the theme of  #VaccinesWork. This week aims to raise awareness of vaccines as an intervention to protect people from all over the world against many diseases. Vaccines are seen as one of today's most cost-effective interventions. Better access to vaccines for all humans is essential for achieving the Sustainable Development Goals. Moreover, it can eventually eliminate diseases and will impede the emergence of antimicrobial resistance.
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European Institutions

The European Commission releases a roadmap for pharmaceuticals in the environment

European Commission, 28 April 2017

The manufacturing, use and disposal of these pharmaceuticals have far-reaching consequences for the environment and human health, including the development and spread of antibiotic-strains. A strategic approach has been drawn up by the European Commission - in addition to addressing the problem, the initiative aims at identifying knowledge gaps and possible solutions, and exploring ways to protect the environment and human health from pharmaceuticals in the environment.
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European Organisations

Large-scale public health threat in long-term care facilities in Europe due to daily healthcare associated infections

European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control  (ECDC), 25 April 2017

The ECDC, together with the Scientific Institute of Public Health in Brussels, set up an EU wide survey on healthcare associated infections in long-term care facilities to estimate the frequency of antibiotic use by residents, the knowledge of and compliance of antimicrobial stewardship recommendations. The survey was conducted among 77.264 residents, in 1181 long-term care facilities in 19 EU countries. In order to treat these infections, more than 150.000 residents receive at least one antimicrobial agent any day in order to treat the infection. Moreover, one in ten facilities did not have adequate knowledge on infection prevention and control and almost half of the facilities did not implement any of the good antimicrobial stewardship elements.
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Food and air as unrecognized pathways for the emergence of AMR

Healthcare Without Harm Europe, 19 April 2017

A webinar was organized to raise awareness for two pathways for the transmission of antimicrobial resistance bacteria: food and air. In order to reduce misuse and overuse of antibiotics in hospitals a shift is needed to more natural, sustainable, and antibiotic-free food products. Air has also been found to be a means of transmission, discovered by scientists from the University of Gothenburg in Sweden.
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Civil Society

Pharmaceutical manufacturers not only create drugs, but also antimicrobial resistance

European Public Health Alliance, 07 April 2017

The manufacturers of anti-infective drugs create antimicrobial resistance by poor manufacturing practices, such as the release of drug residues into rivers, lakes and groundwater. These pharmaceutical companies are often based in Europe or the US, but the manufacturing processes take place in third countries. In 2016, water samples near sites in India were tested by researchers from Ecostorm, commissioned by the Changing Markets Foundation. More than half of the examined water samples contained antibiotic-resistant bacteria. In order to slow down the emergence of AMR due to these pollution practices, the EU must show global leadership by holding pharmaceutical companies accountable.
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International Media

A multi-modal infection prevention and control strategy to reduce AMR

The Lancet, May 2017

According to the World Health Organization, hand hygiene is crucial in combating AMR, because it is an effective infection prevention and control (IPC) measure. In 2016, guidelines for effective IPC programmes were presented by the WHO. A multi-model strategy is applied, consisting of achieving system change, raising awareness, education and training, monitoring and timely feedback, and a patient safety culture. These measures have been proven to improve hand hygiene and reduce infections. 
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Overuse of antibiotics significantly increases the risk of bowel cancer

The Guardian, 05 April 2017

A study conducted in the United States found that extended use of antibiotics could increase the chance of polyps forming in the colon, a precursor of colon cancer. According to Australian bowel expert, Associate Professor Graham Newstead, this research has ‘credence’ as antibiotic use has already been associated with diarrhoea. Antibiotics kill some of the normal bacteria in the gut and these are replaced by abnormal bacteria.
 
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Citizens involved in scientific project to examine effective antibiotics for tuberculosis

Wellcome Trust, 07 April 2017

Citizens can be extremely helpful, as the examination of tuberculosis plates appears to be a time-consuming process. A research has been set up to study which antibiotics are effective against particular bacterial infections. This process will involve examining over 40 million images and citizens will be engaged in this by a project called BashTheBug. In the end, effective treatments will lead to less overuse and misuse of antibiotics, and therefore limiting antibiotic resistance. 
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National Media

Antibiotic Consumption on the rise again in France

Le Point (France), 06 April 2017

France achieved a notable decrease in antibiotic consumption in 2014. According to Santé Publique France, however, in 2015 the consumption in health institutions has risen again. Therefore, the 25% reduction target set in the 2011-2016 alert plan has not been achieved. France is now ranked 9th among European countries in terms of consumption.
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Treatment for pneumococcal diseases inefficient for children

Adevarul (Romania), 08 April 2017

Pneumococcal diseases, including pneumonia and meningitis, are responsible for the deaths of over 600 children under the age of five in Romania every year. Due to antibiotic resistance, many treatments have become inefficient, and immunisation remains the only efficient way of protection.
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Possible new antibiotic discovered by Canadian researchers after 30 years

Svenska Dagbladet (Sweden), 29 April 2017

The first new antibiotic in 30 years may have been discovered by researchers at the University of Manitoba. It offers a new way to attack only disease-causing bacteria and not good bacteria. The new antibiotic is likely to be tested later this year in animals, however it could still take five to ten years before it could be made available.
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Events

EC workshop with European Medicines Agency

European Commission, 26 April 2017

The workshop discussed data collection on consumption of veterinary antimicrobials in Europe. The European Surveillance of Veterinary Antimicrobial Consumption (ESVAC) set out the benefits of data collection on sales and use per animal species, while the EMA provided more guidance on the data collection for antimicrobial use per species.
 
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