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SUMMARY

European Union
European Organisations
Civil Society
International Media
National Media
Events

European Union

The European Commission launches a public consultation on possible activities to be included in a new action plan on AMR.

By mid-2017, the 'Commission communication on a One Health action plan to support Member States in the fight against antimicrobial resistance (AMR)' will be launched. The Commission calls upon all interested parties, including organisations, administrations, and citizens to offer their input and suggestions by responding to a questionnaire. The consultation will remain open until April 28, 2017.
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The European Food Safety Authority and the European Medicines Agency release a joint statement calling for a re-think of antimicrobial use in animals.

European Medicines Agency, 24 January 2017

Experts from EFSA and EMA stress the importance of AMR data collection, as well as restriction of antibiotic use in animals to the minimum needed to treat infectious diseases. Alternatives to antimicrobials, such as probiotics and vaccines, as well as implementation of farming practices that reduce spread of disease will be key in reducing antimicrobial use in livestock. 
Read the full statement here

European Organisations

Resistance of N. gonorrhoeae to first-line antibiotics on the rise in the Netherlands

Eurosurveillance, 5 January 2017

According to a study carried out in Amsterdam, resistance of Neisseria gonorrhoeae to azithromycin and ceftriaxone increased from year 2012 to 2015. This trend threatens future treatment of gonorrhoea and calls for development of new antibiotics, report says.
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Spanish children are over-prescribed antibiotics. AMR prevalence one of the highest among EU countries

EurActiv

An international team of researchers, together with the Foundation for the Advancement of Health and Biomedical Research of Valencia (FISABIO) found that children in Spain receive over three times as many antibiotic doses as their Norwegian counterparts, over 50% of which are unnecessary. An urgent need for increased 'social awareness' of antibiotic use, as well as health education, is underlined.
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Civil Society

EPHA, along with other environmental and health organisations, urges the European Commission to uphold their commitment to reducing pharmaceutical pollution

European Public Health Alliance, 20 January 2017

Pharmaceutical residues in water can have detrimental impacts on human health and the environment, as well as contribute to antimicrobial resistance. The European Commission pledged to develop a 'strategic approach to pollution of water by pharmaceutical substances' by the end of 2015. Delaying action is putting the health of Europeans at risk.
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Poor diagnosis of fungal diseases 
contributing to antimicrobial resistance worldwide

Global Action Fund for Fungal Infections, 27 January 2017

1.5 million deaths can be attributed annually to fungal infections. Many of these are misdiagnosed as bacterial infections and inappropriately treated with broad-spectrum antibiotics, inadvertently increasing resistance.  
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AdvaMedDx announces global stakeholder initiative to address AMR

AdvaMedDx, 20 January 2017

This division of the Advanced Medical Technology Association plans to unite stakeholders in the development and optimisation of diagnostic tests. Improvements in diagnostic technology as well as promoting wide-spread utilisation has the potential to significantly reduce antibiotic overuse and misuse. 'Identifying the cause of an infection – bacterial, viral, fungal - will improve prescribing decisions and reduce unnecessary prescribing.'
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International Media

Antibiotics cause E. coli to grow faster, new study shows 

Daily Mail, 30 January 2017

Researchers at the University of Exeter in the UK found that multiple antibiotic treatments increased resistance with each round. Furthermore, the mutated E. coli formed colonies that were three times larger than the untreated ones. Read more

New molecule restores susceptibility to antibiotics

Science Daily, 18 January 2017

Researchers at Oregon State University demonstrated that the molecule inhibits the expression of an enzyme, NDM-1, that causes resistance to a wide range of antibiotics. Read more 

MCR-1 gene on the rise in China

CIDRAP, 27 January 2017

Two studies published in The Lancet Infectious Diseases found an increased prevalence of the MCR-1 gene in China, which can potentially lead to widespread resistance of the antibiotic colistin. This is of grave concern, as colistin is one of the few remaining antibiotics that can be used as a last resort to treat multidrug-resistant infections  
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American woman killed by "nightmare superbug" that is resistant to all 26 available antibiotics

NPR, 17 January 2017

The bacteria showed resistance to the class of antibiotic called carbapenems, considered a last-line treatment, as well as every other antibiotic currently approved in the United States. The woman, age 70, was infected during a brief hospitalisation in India and later died at a hospital in Nevada.
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National Media

Discovery of a survival gene may prevent TB from developing resistance

University of Sussex, 27 January 2017

Scientists from the Centro Nacional de Biotecnología in Madrid and the University of Sussex / Brighton and Sussex Medical School in Brighton reported the discovery of NucS, a gene that significantly reduces mutation rates in mycobacteria, which causes tuberculosis. 
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One in three patients treated with antibiotics became infected at the hospital, a Norwegian study finds

NRK Nyheter, 19 January 2017

The Norwegian Institute of Public Health argues that greater action must be taken in preventing the spread of bacterial infections in hospitals as well as reducing the use of broad-spectrum antibiotics, which is now at 33% of all antibiotics prescribed.
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Canine employed to sniff out resistant bacteria at a Canadian hospital

The Guardian, 12 January 2017

Angus, an English springer spaniel, has been trained to identify the smell of Clostridium difficile, a notorius strain of bacteria that is often resistant to antibiotics. 64% of C. difficile cases are acquired in hospitals by patients whose immune systems are weakened by antibiotics. By locating spores present in the hospital, further infection can be prevented. 
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Too many antibiotics: Raising awareness is vital, and it works

Der Standard (Austria), 27 January 2017

 A surprisingly high number of people in Austria still believe that antibiotics are effective against viruses, which is reflected in higher consumption patterns during the annual flu season. A far-reaching and effective national awareness-raising campaign is needed.
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China: Warning about development of antibiotic-resistant bacteria

rtbf, 28 January 2017

As China prepares to introduce colistin - which is regarded a last-line antibiotic - into its healthcare system, experts warn that the country must be especially vigilant.
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Events

EPSCO meeting scheduled for March 3rd

European Council

The Employment, Social Policy, Health and Consumer Affairs Council will hold its next meeting on the 3rd of March in Brussels. In June, the
Council called for a new EU action plan on AMR based on a one health approach. It is imperative that the Council continues to recognise the global health threat of AMR and the role that EU must play in preventing it.

22nd Congress of the EAHP

European Association of Hospital Pharmacists

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EMA/EC workshop on veterinary antimicrobials

European Medicines Agency, 26 April 2017

The European Commission and the European Medicines Agency are organising a workshop to discuss the benefits of collecting data on antimicrobial consumption and the future implementation of national level schemes for data collection.
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