New research and information about child injury prevention.
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Safekids Aotearoa Information Service                             November 2014


Keeping you up to date with new research and information about child injury prevention.

Please share with colleagues - word of mouth is a great way to disseminate information. It's easy for new subscribers to sign up online too.

This month you might notice we're changing our name to "Information Service". We hope the name suggests that people can ask Safekids questions.

We've divided the bulletin into four sections:

New research, books, articles etc


Where available, we've included a link to the full text online. If there's an article you are interested in that you're not able to acces  online, please contact your local public or corporate library to request items.



Liu, Li et al.
Global, regional, and national causes of child mortality in 2000-13, with projections to inform post-2015 priorities: an updated systematic analysis. Lancet, Online First, 1 October, 2014.
Article reports child mortality by cause estimates in 2000—13, and cause-specific mortality scenarios to 2030 and 2035.
Link to DOI 



Campbell, Malcolm; Apparicio, Philippe; Day, Peter;
Geographic analysis of infant mortality in New Zealand, 1995–2008: an ethnicity perspective.
Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health, Volume 38, Issue 3, June 2014, 2014. p. 221–226.
Objective: To detect spatial clusters of high infant mortality rates in New Zealand for Maori and non-Maori populations and verify if these clusters are stable over a certain time period (1995–2008) and similar between the two populations.
Link to DOI 



Ghekiere A et al
Critical environmental factors for transportation cycling in children: a qualitative study using bike-along interviews. PLoS One, 2014; 9: e106696., 2014.
The current qualitative study used 'bike-along interviews' with children and parents to allow discussion of detailed environmental factors that may influence children's cycling for transport, while cycling in the participant's neighbourhood.
Link to DOI 

Pedal ready : schools. 2014.
Pedal Ready is a cycle skills programme provided to schools and adults in the Wellington region.  Training involves a bike and helmet safety check, bike handling skills and exercises to build confidence on a bike in preparation for all your future riding – whether it is out with friends or family, on the BMX track, mountain biking, or riding on the road. [From website]
Link to web page 

Williams, Allan; Governors Highway Safety Association
Bicyclist safety. s.l. : GHSA, 2014. 18 p.
The Governors Highway Safety Association has released a report that examines bicyclist safety by analyzing fatality trends and crash patterns in the US since the mid-1970s, especially with regards to helmet use and alcohol use by fatally injured cyclists. Not specifically about children.
Link to PDF 

Aldred, Rachel.
Benefits of investing in cycling. Manchester: British Cycling, 2014. 18 p.
This UK report summarises eleven benefits which can help solve a series of health, social and economic problems. This reports show how investing in cycling is good for transport systems as a whole, for local economies, for social inclusion, and for public health. 
Link to PDF 


Wallis, Belinda et al.
Interventions associated with drowning prevention in children and adolescents: systematic literature review. Injury Prevention, Online first,, 4 September 2014, 2014. 10 p.
Drowning remains a leading cause of preventable death in children across the world. This systematic review identifies and critically analyses studies of interventions designed to reduce fatal and non-fatal drowning events among children and adolescents or reduce the injury severity incurred by such incidents.
Link to DOI 



Cassell, Erin; Clapperton, Angela.
Preventing serious fall injury in children (1) : overview and playground equipment.
Hazard, 77 (Winter), 2014. 1-9
This issue provides an overview of all fall injury and detailed examination of the first of three priority areas: playground equipment fall injury.
Link to PDF  

Cassell, Erin; Clapperton, Angela.
Preventing serious fall injury in children (2) : serious fall injury : priority issues.
Hazard, 77 (Winter), 2014. 10-19
This issue provides an overview of all fall injury and detailed examination of the first of three priority areas: playground equipment fall injury.
Link to PDF   



Accident Compensation Corporation.
Keep kids safe on the farm. 2014.
Web page about farm safety and keeping kids safe on farms. Contains links to further resources and activities for children.
Link to web page

Australian Centre for Agricultural Health and Safety; Farmsafe.
Child safety on farms information sheet. Moree, NSW: Australian Centre for Agricultural Health and Safety, 2014. 2 p.
Two page sheet of tips on what to do to make farms safe for children. 
Link to PDF 

Australian Centre for Agricultural Health and Safety; Farmsafe.
Farm vehicles, quads and motorbikes.
Moree, NSW: Australian Centre for Agricultural Health and Safety, 2014. 2 p.
Two page sheet of tips on what to do to make farms safe for children. 
Link to PDF



Watson, M. et al.
Validation of a home safety questionnaire used in a series of case-control studies. Injury Prevention, 20 (4) October, 2014. 180-183.
Objective To measure the validity of safety behaviours, safety equipment use and hazards reported on a questionnaire by parents/carers with children aged under 5 years participating in a series of home safety case-control studies.
Link to DOI
Public Health England; RoSPA; CAPT.
Reducing unintentional injuries in and around the home among children under five years.
London : Public Health England, 2014. 28 p.
Unintentional injuries in and around the home are a leading cause of preventable death for children under five years and are a major cause of ill health and serious disability.  This report contains an analysis of the most recently available five years of data and shows that each year approximately 60 children and young people died, 450,000 attended accident and emergency (A&E) and 40,000 were admitted to hospital as an emergency.
This document sets out three action areas for local authorities and their partners that will reduce the numbers of children injured and killed. It also describes four steps local partnerships can take to build robust injury prevention strategies. [From Executive Summary]. 
Link to PDF 
Atatoa Carr, P; Berry, S; Morton, S; Growing up in New Zealand.
Keeping our children injury-free: household safety evidence from Growing Up in New Zealand. 
Auckland : Growing up in New Zealand, 2014. 5 p.
Link to PDF



Savila, Fa'asisila; Rush, Elaine.
Pathways to health and wellbeing for Pacific children-how are we tracking? 
The New Zealand Medical Journal (Online), 127.1404 (Oct 17, 2014), 2014. 67-70
The government’s 5-year strategy for improving Pacific people’s health and wellbeing, ‘Ala Mo’ui Pathways to Pacific Health and Wellbeing 2010–2014, emphasised disease prevention and improvements in health systems as priority outcomes. Actions that would contribute to disease prevention included reducing barriers to health in structural mechanisms (such as better access to healthy housing) and improving health service systems. However, after 4 years since its release, not only have important structural barriers remained but so have the poor health outcomes of Pacific peoples in New Zealand. 
Link to PDF 



Robertson, Jeremy; Families Commission.
Effective parenting programmes : a review of the effectiveness of parenting programmes for parents of vulnerable children.
Wellington : Families Commission, 2014. 185 p.
This review focussed on parenting support programmes for parents of vulnerable children aged zero to six years. It aimed to provide evidence on the effectiveness of parenting support programmes in reducing maltreatment, or the risk of maltreatment of vulnerable children.
Link to PDF 



Skjerven-Martinsen, M et al.
A prospective study of children aged < 16 years in motor vehicle collisions in Norway: severe injuries are observed predominantly in older children and are associated with restraint misuse.
Accident Analysis and Prevention, 73 (2014), 2014. 151-162.
The implementation of the compulsory wearing of seat belts (SBs) for children and improvements in child restraint systems have reduced the number of deaths and severe injuries among children involved in motor vehicle (MV) collisions (MVCs). Establishing the characteristics predictive of such injuries may provide the basis for targeted safety campaigns and lead to a further reduction in mortality and morbidity among children involved in MVCs. This study performed a multidisciplinary investigation among child occupants involved in MVCs to elucidate injury mechanisms, evaluate the safety measures used and determine the characteristics that are predictive of injury.
Link to DOI 




Sharman, Rachel.
Too much screen time and too little outside play is holding back kids. The Conversation, 15 September 2014, 2014.
The opinion piece links significant sedentary screen time with weight gain and impeded cognitive and physical development in children. The author also compares Australian and NZ playground safety standards. 
Link to web page 



Millard, Y; Slaughter, Robin J; Shieffelbien, Lucy M; Schep, Leo J.
Poisoning following exposure to chemicals stored in mislabelled or unlabelled containers: a recipe for potential disaster. New Zealand Medical Journal, Vol 127 No 1403: 26 September, 2014.
Aim: To investigate poisoning exposures to chemicals that were unlabelled, mislabelled or not in their original containers in New Zealand over the last 10 years, based on calls to the New Zealand National Poisons Centre (NZNPC).
LInk to web page 
Lovegrove, Maribeth C. et al.
Emergency hospitalizations for unsupervised prescription medication ingestions by young children. Pediatrics, Published online September 15, 2014. PEDIATRICS Vol. 134 No. 4 October 1, 2014, 2014. pp. e1009-e1016.
BACKGROUND: Emergency department visits and subsequent hospitalizations of young children after unsupervised ingestions of prescription medications are increasing despite widespread use of child-resistant packaging and caregiver education efforts. Data on the medications implicated in ingestions are limited but could help identify prevention priorities and intervention strategies.
Link to DOI 
Majsak-Newman, Gosia et al.
Keeping children safe at home : protocol for a matched case-control study of modifiable risk factors for poisoning. Injury Prevention, 20 (5) October, 2014.
Childhood unintentional and suspected poisonings are a serious public health problem. Evidence from systematic reviews demonstrates that home safety education in combination with safety equipment provision increases the safe storage of medicines and other products. There is lack of evidence that poisoning prevention practices reduce poisoning rates.
Link to DOI



Stock, Rob;
Inside a product recall : Farmers recall two products in two days.
Sunday Star Times, 2 November 2014 : Business news, 2014. p. 6.
Article about 2 recalls by Farmers - one for Candylishus jelly beans and the other for a safety swing. In each case, something about the product posed a choking hazard to children. A sidebar article presents the Commerce Commission's role in product recalls and examples of others.
Link to item 


Truebridge, Nick;
A 'need to take ownership' of quad bike safety. Southland Times, 25 September 2014,
Article talks about recent incidents and lists all quad bikes deaths over the previous couple of years.
Link to item



Public Health England;RoSPA;CAPT
Reducing unintentional injuries on the roads among children and young people under 25 years. London : Public Health England, 2014. 24 p.
Children and young people have the right to safe roads. This analysis of data from 2008 to 2012 shows that over that period there were more than 320,000 road casualties and 2,300 road deaths among children and young people under the age of 25 years in England.
Item Number: 10255
Link to web page 


Deane, Steve;
Big kids v little kids [Smashed by players twice their size: junior rugby's big problem].
New Zealand Herald, 3 November 2014 : General News, 2014. p. 12.
Discusses the weight requirements for schoolboy rugby and how clubs are not adhering to rules and allowing extreme mismatches in the sizes of players. Several cases of severe injury are presented. Shows increases in ACC injury claim rates. Item Number: 10299
Link to item 



Wynn, P et al.
Keeping children safe at home : protocol for a case-control study of modifiable risk factors for scalds. Injury Prevention, Published Online First, 19 May 2014, 2:e11, 2014. 4 p.
Scalds are one of the most common forms of thermal injury in young children worldwide. Childhood scald injuries, which mostly occur in the home, result in substantial health service use and considerable morbidity and mortality. Item Number: 10260
Link to DOI 

Valdez, Anna Maria.
Button battery injuries : primary and secondary prevention strategies.
J. Emerg. Nurs., ePub 2014, 2014. 2 p.
Article is targeted at emergency nurses. It outlines the hazard of button-type battery ingestion in the US, especially for children under 5 years old. Discusses prevention strategies.
Link to DOI
Cassie, Fiona.
Burn injuries: spills, flares, flames, and the wounding results.
New Zealand Nursing Review, 1 November 2014, 2014. p. 14
Presents facts and information for nurses about burns and what to do about them. Includes brief first aid tips for burns and useful websites. 


Water Safety New Zealand
Annual report 2014. [Wellington?] : Water Safety New Zealand, 2014. 43 p.
Link to PDF

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New journals and magazines received


Safekids Information Service receives a number of hard copy journals. You are welcome to come and read them in the library. 
Recent arrivals include:
  • Chainlinks 
  • LG New Zealand Local Government
  • Hazards (VISU)
  • Spasifik

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New Safekids publications and resources

Most Safekids publications are on the Safekids website They're also held by the Information Service and, where available, you can  request hard copies using this order form. 
Safekids Aotearoa
Falls ruin the fun : so keep an eye on your kids to help them play safe. 
Auckland : Safekids Aotearoa, 2014. 1 A3 poster.
Poster showing an arm in a cast with girl on a climbing frame in a playground in the background.
Safekids Aotearoa
Falls ruin the fun : so keep an eye on your kids to help them play safe. 
Auckland : Safekids Aotearoa, 2014. 4 p.
Pamphlet in the shape of an arm in a cast. Contains messages for playgrounds and parks and for trampolines. Aimed primarily at parents.
Safekids Aotearoa
Strategic plan 2014-2018. Auckland : Safekids Aotearoa, 2014.
This strategic plan outlines the direction and themes for the period 2014-2018.
Download PDF 
Safekids Aotearoa
Safekids programme report 2013-2014 : information and planning workshop series, 2013; Safekids programmes: booster seats and skateboard and scooter safety; monitoring of Safekids programme resources. 
Auckland: Safekids Aotearoa, 2014. [29 p.]
Reports on the evaluation of Safekids activities in 2013 - programmes, workshops and resources.
Safekids Aotearoa
Child trampoline position paper. 
Auckland : Safekids Aotearoa, 2014. 21 p.
Download PDF
This report draws on local and international data and research to outline the main issues relating to trampoline design, standards and use. Includes recommendations intended to reduce child injury from trampolines.

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Contact Us

Safekids Aotearoa Information Service

5th Floor, Cornwall Complex, 40 Claude Rd, Epsom, Auckland, 1023.
PO Box 26488, Epsom, Auckland, 1344, New Zealand

Opening Hours: Monday – Friday 8.30am – 4pm.


Contact the Information Specialist, Helena Westwick

T: (09) 631 0724
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