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Volume 28, Number 3  | August 2020

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Dr. Sherif El-Defrawy
Message from the Chair

August 2020


Dear colleagues,

Hope you are enjoying the summer heat and managing to get some rest from all the stressors that have plagued us in the last few months.  It’s hard to believe that in a couple of weeks, all the academic programs will resume; this newsletter highlights some of the events occurring at the end of our last academic year.

I am so pleased to congratulate Edsel Ing and Helen Dimaras on their promotions to full and associate professor, respectively. These are very significant academic milestones.

Alex Kaplan has taken over the reigns as Alumni Director, and working with Jason Noble and Harmeet Gill, will continue to strengthen our connections with our alumni.  Many thanks to Amandeep Rai for his work in this position.  Amandeep stepped down from this role to accept his position as associate Program Director.

Ken Eng will continue to Chair the Practice Plan Committee which is comprised of the Chairs of the Hospital Finance Committees.  The task of this committee is sustainable funding of clinician scientists in DOVS.  Such funding will allow us to expand the number of clinician scientists on faculty.  A big welcome to Stephan Ong Tone who returns to DOVS as a clinician scientist; he leads the way in this expansion.   We will also look to expand our Clinician investigator program within the residency to train future clinician scientists for Toronto and the rest of Canada.

Our Grand Rounds will restart on Sept 11 at 7:30am.  These will be virtual Zoom rounds (as most our rounds and meetings will be for the rest of 2020).

See you then!

Sherif El-Defrawy, MD, PhD, FRCS(C)
Nanji Family Chair in Ophthalmology & Vision Sciences
Chair & Professor, Department of Ophthalmology & Vision Sciences
University of Toronto
Featured in this issue:


Academic Promotions


Congratulations to Dr. Edsel Ing on his promotion to Full Professor, effective July 1, 2020.  We would also like to congratulate Dr. Ing on obtaining his Ph.D. in May 2020. The title of his thesis is Giant Cell Arteritis: Diagnostic Prediction Models, Temporal Artery Biopsy and Epidemiology.

Associate Professor

Congratulations to Dr. Helen Dimaras on her promotion to Associate Professor. Dr. Dimaras is currently the DOVS Director of Global Health and Outreach.

Alex Kaplan appointed as DOVS Alumni Director

Dr. Alex Kaplan was recently appointed as Alumni Director and has plans to expand our Alumni connection and will work with Advancement, Faculty of Medicine to strengthen the engagement of our alumni. Dr. Jason Noble and Dr. Harmeet Gill with continue in their support roles of Associate Director to develop a substantial Alumni connection.   We thank previous Directors for their contribution to the strides we have already made towards this important branch of our department, namely Drs. Amandeep Rai, David Yan, and Allan Slomovic.
As a first step we will be extending an invitation to our Alumni to join us for the Friday 7:30am Grand Rounds beginning September 11, 2020.   We expect the community benefits to be far reaching for all participants.
Several Alumni Special events are planned for the Fall.  The Alumni Special events will be one hour sessions comprising of  four 15 minute topics including questions. The Topic range includes:  The Eye Institute, Wellness, Equity Diversity & Inclusion, New Research. at DOVS.        
Thank you to all our Alumni, your thoughts and suggestions are always welcome,  and we hope you will keep in touch and let us know where you are and what you are doing.

UofT Alumni "get involved" link:

UofT Alumni “StayHome” link:

Postgraduate Education Report

by: Dr. John Lloyd
The arrival of COVID-19 to Toronto caused many disruptions to all of us both personally and professionally. Our residency program was no exception. At the onset of the pandemic shut down, we responded by shifting our residents to 24 hour on-call shifts. Our faculty shut their offices down except for urgent patients and operating rooms were closed except for emergencies. We wished to protect our residents from a possible group exposure that might require numerous residents at a site or even across the whole program to self-isolate. Patient volumes were dramatically reduced, and the system worked well. We wish to provide special thanks to the PGY5 residents who joined in to help the resident teams at each site. The PGY5s were about to begin their Royal College study leave period – but COVID also forced the postponement of the Royal College exams until the fall of 2020.
Grand rounds and resident academic half-day teaching were initially cancelled, but special thanks are due to Dr. Amandeep Rai for becoming a rapid master of the Zoom online webinar platform and getting both running again virtually in short order. In fact, attendance at these events was never better! Invitations were sent nationally and internationally for ophthalmologists both in-training and in-practice to join the sessions. Grand rounds were temporarily time-shifted to noon to accommodate a wide range of time zones across Canada and even the world. Our sessions had a Canada-wide audience as well as attendees from the Caribbean, Middle East, USA and Europe – with grand rounds reaching upwards of 300 attendees. Special thanks are also due to Dr. Allan Slomovic for arranging special COVID-related grand rounds with guest speakers from infectious disease, emergency medicine and ophthalmology (both local and international). Several subspecialty groups also formed online weekly rounds to help remain connected during the pandemic.
Although we are moving through various stages of re-opening as a city and a province, we anticipate that grand rounds and resident academic half-day will remain virtual for the foreseeable future. Resident teaching has continued via Zoom online during the summer, and grand rounds will resume in September 2020. “Zoom” has now become a part of our everyday vocabulary!
Our end of the academic year graduation celebration was another casualty of the pandemic. Originally, we considered cancelling the event completely because our PGY5 residents preferred an in-person event. However, we soon realized that this failed to adequately address the needs of our fellows – most of whom would not be available to return to Toronto for a combined graduation event in 2021. We went ahead with a virtual graduation ceremony in June which allowed us to both celebrate the accomplishments of our fellows and announce the resident awards (which are helpful to our trainees as they apply for fellowships and jobs).  We are all very much looking forward to an in-person and hopefully mask-less combined graduation event next year for our resident graduates of 2020 and 2021. Dr. El-Defrawy has promised an extra-large and extra-special venue for the most important event of the year!
We are very proud of all our graduating residents and this year all are fellowship-bound! It has been a particularly trying time for them as they all faced a delay in taking the Royal College certification exams, and some were unable to begin their fellowships as planned. Drs. Al Shaker, Ballios and Zhang were all able to move on to their new roles in July. Dr. Rebecca Stein eventually managed to wrangle the necessary paperwork for her New York State Licence despite very unhelpful bureaucracies on both sides of the border (an impressive feat indeed!). Both Dr. Basilious and Dr. Goldfarb are on track to begin their fellowships in the fall of this year.
Also, a reminder to everyone that the Royal College review of our residency program is scheduled for this fall. It will occur virtually in an online format over one or two days sometime during the period between November 22 and December 4, 2020. We encourage all faculty, especially those in leadership positions, to be available during this period. All residents should also endeavour to be available during this time frame.
We hope everyone is having a lovely summer and we wish everyone a safe and healthy return to work during this ongoing pandemic.


Sarah is staying in Toronto to pursue a fellowship in cornea, external disease and refractive surgery. Her mentors are Drs. Chan, Chew, Rootman, Singal and Slomovic. Both she and her husband are very pleased to extend their time in Toronto – and our department is thrilled to have her.

Brian successfully navigated the COVID-related obstacles to arrive in Boston, Massachusetts to begin his fellowship in inherited retinal degenerations. His fellowship takes place at both Harvard and Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary. His primary supervisors are Drs. Pierce, Comander and Huckfeldt.

Pandemic related slowdowns caused Alfred to delay his fellowship start until September. He is excited to undertake training in the sub-specialty of cornea from Dr. Mona Dagher and her team at the University of Montreal. He will also have a chance to practice his French!

He has experienced some undesirable delays due to COVID and is currently practising comprehensive ophthalmology in Toronto at Mount Sinai & Bridgepoint Hospitals as well as Clarity Eye Institute. I love that his work includes teaching optics to the PGY2 residents! Jeremy is eager to begin his fellowship this November in Houston, Texas. He will be training in oculoplastics at MD Anderson under the supervision of Dr. Bita Esmaeli and her group.

After dealing with some very unhelpful bureaucracies in both Ontario and New York, Rebecca is delighted to report that she has begun her training with Drs. Eric Donnenfeld and Henry Perry in Long Island, NY. Her fellowship is in cornea and refractive surgery.

Fortunately, Angela’s transition to the Maritimes was relatively unaffected by the coronavirus. She is happily completing her fellowship training in glaucoma in Halifax now. Her supervisors at Dalhousie University are Drs. Nicolela, Shuba, Rafuse and Eadie.

Fellowship Report

by: Dr. Navdeep Nijhawan & Julie Thomson
The University of Toronto Fellowship Training Program is the largest and most diverse one in the country offering 20 fellowships in Tertiary care sub-specialty areas. Trainees from all corners of the globe pursue further education in our department because of the international reputation of our preceptors.

The pandemic presented a number of challenges for both incoming and outgoing fellows, preceptors, faculty and staff. Through it all, our fellows stepped up to ensure that the department ran smoothly and that patients received timely care.  A number of fellows extended their stays in the department, providing much needed patient care, research and other contributions. Our department is greatly indebted to all the professionalism, hard work and dedication that our fellows have provided. We would also like to thank Dr. Tanya Trinh for the tremendous contributions made while Chief Fellow 2019-2020.

With the restrictions placed on social gatherings, our Fellowship graduation ceremony was held virtually this past June. The event provided an opportunity for colleagues, friends and family members to connect online, celebrating the outstanding achievements of our graduates.  The ceremony was well-received and attended. Thank you to all who participated and helped to make our unprecedented graduation ceremony a success.

In July, Dr. Parnian Arjmand was elected Chief Fellow for the 2020-2021 academic year.  As a surgical retina fellow, Parnian has been working closely with other fellows both at the UHN- TWH and Sunnybrook sites, and is also getting to know SMH retina fellows through mutual rounds. Please help me in welcoming Parnian to her new role.

This academic year, we welcome fellows from North and South America, The Caribbean, Europe, Asia and Australia. Our fellows balance their hectic schedules providing a pivotal role in serving our community, training residents and medical students, participating in research and learning new skills that they will take back to their home institutions. They truly are the ambassadors of DOVS.

On September 21, we will host a virtual Fellowship Development and Welcome Event. This will provide an opportunity for fellows and preceptors to introduce themselves and discuss relevant topics in an informal setting. Throughout the year the fellows will have the opportunity to attend additional events highlighting some of the challenges of coping with work life balance, mental health, and research. 


Graduating Residents & Fellows

Graduation Award Winners  
Resident Award  
Duncan Jamieson & Woywitka Cup Award Brian Ballios
Research Day Awards  
Medical Student Award John Liu
Alumni Award Marko Popovic
John Gaby Award Riddhi Dharia
Martin Steinbach VSRP Award Ajay David
Hospital Awards  
HSC - The Chan Award for Excellence in Paediatric Ophthalmology Jason Kwok
HSC - Dr. Robert Pashby Award Kate Leahy
SMH - R. Gordon Kelly Award Elie Cote
SMH - Dr. Michael Shea Award Lili Tong
MSH  - Dr. Sigmund Vaile Award Angela Zhang
SH - Dr. John Speakman Award Bryon McKay
UHN-TWH - The Lim Family Memorial Award Tanya Trinh
KEI - Kensington Eye Institute Award Angela Zhang

Incoming PGY1 Residents & Fellows

We would like to welcome our incoming PYG1 residents Shaikhah Abohaimed, Mohab Eldeeb, Ryan Mason, Austin Pereira, Saba Samet and Jovi Wong this year.
We are also excited about having the following new fellows joining our department this year:

PGY-2s are now in our Ophthalmology clinics

Our new PGY-2s have now started in our ophthalmology clinics; a big welcome to all of them, it's good to have you home!

One of our residents, Dr. Tina Felfeli has joined the Clinician Investigator Program (CIP) at University of Toronto in pursuit of a PhD degree in Clinical Epidemiology and Health Care Research through the Dalla Lana School of Public Health. During her full-time graduate studies over the next three years, she will be engaged in taking courses and conducting research along with several other residents from various medical and surgical specialties within PGME who are also a part of the CIP program.   Her research interests include application of biomarkers and imaging technology in prediction models for retinal diseases. Her focus will also expand to the use of clinical databases to evaluate delivery of care within the field of ophthalmology. Following the successful defence of her thesis, Tina will be returning to full-time clinical duties for the remainder of her residency training. 

Dr. Parnian Arjmand elected as DOVS Chief Fellow

by: Dr. Navdeep Nijhawan
On behalf of the Fellowship Committee, I would like to announce the newly elected Chief Fellow for the 2020- 2021 academic year Dr. Parnian Arjmand.

A call for nominations was held from May 22 - June 22, 2020 during which time, we received expressions of interest from two extremely strong candidates. The role of Chief Fellow includes planning fellowship development dinner meetings, assisting in planning the fellowship committee meetings, actively advocate for fellowship-related issues and provide support for fellows in hardship. In addition, the Chief Fellow provides entries for the DOVS newsletter, provide support to the DOVS Fellowship Program Director and administration and attending RPC meetings.

As a surgical retina fellow, Parnian has been working closely with other fellows both at the UHN- TWH and Sunnybrook sites, and is also getting to know SMH retina fellows through mutual rounds. Recently, Parnian initiated a wellness project funded by DOVS QI grants with Dr. Radha Kohly's supervision to assess and improve resident and fellow wellness during and after the COVID-19 pandemic.

We would also like to thank Dr. Tanya Trinh for the tremendous contributions made while Chief Fellow 2019-2020. Please join us in congratulating Parnian on her appointment.

Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) Learning Platform

by: Dr. Jason Kwok (PGY4)
A group of residents and faculty from the University of Toronto have created a website  ( dedicated towards learning OCT. In addition to reviewing ocular anatomy using this imaging modality, the website also provides a systematic approach to tackling different types of OCT including but not limited to macula, retinal nerve fiber layer, ganglion cell complex, and anterior segment OCT. The website also contains a comprehensive atlas of ocular diseases (all cases from University of Toronto) with accompanying interactive cases containing multiple choice questions and detailed answers.
We highly encourage you to visit our website and to use it as a teaching tool when there are learners in your clinic.

Please visit us at
OCTcases team

Advancement News

Anne Marie Brune Estate Fund

The Department of Ophthalmology & Vision Sciences is named as one of the recipients of a most generous donation from the Estate of Anne Marie Brune

Giving back to the community was very important to Heinz and Anne Marie Brune. This inspired them to support three schools, McMaster, Waterloo and Toronto, to advance the human condition, which each of the schools does everyday – giving back to the community.

Heinz Brune and Anne Marie Lina Bülow (Buelow) were each born in Dortmund, Germany. Heinz Wilhelm Bruene was born on March 9, 1924, and Anne Marie was born on January 18, 1924. The name changes to Brune on identity documents and the application for Canadian citizenship. Each of them were successful at school with Heinz going into the technical field and Anne Marie going into the legal secretarial field. Heinz enlisted in the German Air Force during the Second World War and flew many missions with his squadron. Later, he was one of the early jet pilots flying the Henkle jets. He was shot down but survived. Reports say that he and other members of his squadron joined the Allies as the war ended.

They married in Dortmund on March 8, 1952, after the war, migrated to Canada in the mid-50s, and settled in the Burlington and Hamilton area. Heinz was a straight forward business man with a talent for designing and manufacturing heat treating equipment. He established Hamilton Thermal Specialties Limited in 1965 and drew customers for his equipment from U.S., Italy, China, England, but mainly Ontario and Canada.

In the early 1990s, his longterm employee, Tony Connell bought Heinz’s Company. They remained lifelong friends.  Eventually Heinz’s Company was purchased by Fuel Applications Limited.

Upon retirement Heinz and Anne Marie relocated to a condominium in Burlington where they remained for 16 years, prior to moving into a retirement home also in Burlington. Heinz, in the last three to five years of his life, developed a progressive Alzheimer's condition, which, along with other complications, all contributed to his ultimate passing away on September 13, 2018.

Anne Marie had a progressive macular degeneration of her vision for which she sought treatment in Burlington, Oakville, Waterloo, and Germany. Ultimately, she became blind, and with the passing of Heinz made her life extremely difficult and sad. Having her health decline, she passed away on June 2, 2019, in the retirement home.

Heinz and Anne Marie had no children, and their families remained in Germany.  Initially, during the business active time of Heinz and Anne Marie, their friendship circle was significant. However, with retirement, the circle of friends became smaller.

On their grave monument at Woodland, their plaque translated back into English reads as follows:

"Over heights and depths led the way of our work rich lives, sun and shadow, love and hope and several setbacks were constant companions on our toilsome path which led us in advanced age to mutual security and contentment, the long path through life ended, at this quiet place, where we rest in peace, in the hands of the Creator."

Births and Weddings

Congratulations to Dr. Graham Belovay and his family on welcoming their newborn son, Marcus Theodore Belovay, on July 12th, 2020 at 35 weeks, 5 days, weighing in at 5 lbs 7 oz, at North York General Hospital. 

Congratulations to Mano Chandrakumar (Research Manager at Kensington Health) and Thadchana on their wedding day on July 1st, 2020.

Online Rounds Schedule and Events

Date: September 11, 2020  7:30am
Grand Rounds
Topic: The Debater:  What is a cataract
Speaker: Dr. John Lloyd

Date: September 18, 2020  7:30am
Grand Rounds
Topic: Resident Presentation
Speaker: Dr. Bryon McKay

Date: September 20, 2020  1:00pm
Neuro-Ophthalmology Rounds
Speakers: Drs. Fiona Costello and Suresh Subramaniam

Date: September 24, 2020  5:00pm
Cornea Rounds
Topic: Cornea Surgical Video Night
Speakers: Professor Mark Terry of Devers Eye Institute & Professor Peter Veldman of University of Chicago

Date: September 25, 2020  7:30am
Grand Rounds
Topic: Paediatrics
Speaker: Dr. Crystal Cheung

Date: September 29, 2020  6:00pm
Retina Connect Rounds
Speaker: Dr. Rick Spaide

Date: October 2, 2020  7:30am
Grand Rounds, Visiting Professor
Topic: Optic Neuritis
Speaker: Dr. John Chen

Date: October 9, 2020  7:30am
Grand Rounds, Visiting Professor
Topic: Multimodal Imaging in Uveitis
Speaker: Dr. Kathryn Pepple

Date: October 16, 2020  7:30am
Grand Rounds
Topic: Cornea
Speaker: Dr. Stephan Ong Tone

* All sessions are in Eastern Time (US and Canada)
* Schedule subject to change

For latest details and links, please visit:

Full Upcoming Calendar and Events

Recent Publications

Recent publications by DOVS Faculty, Staff, Residents and Fellows

May 2020
Aldrees S, Jeeva-Patel T, Margolin E. Bilateral Infiltrative Optic Neuropathy of Systemic Mantle Cell Lymphoma.  Can J Neurol Sci. 2020 May;47(3):428-430. doi: 10.1017/cjn.2020.28.Can J Neurol Sci. 2020. PMID: 32046809

Brenna CTA, Priola SM, Pasarikovski CR, Ku JC, Daigle P, Gill HS, DeSerres JJ, Antonyshyn O, Da Costa L, Yang V. 
Surgical Sparing and Pairing Endovascular Interventions for Carotid-Cavernous Fistula: Case Series and Review of the Literature. World Neurosurg. 2020 May 10:S1878-8750(20)30973-6. doi: 10.1016/j.wneu.2020.05.013. Online ahead of print.World Neurosurg. 2020. PMID: 32437988

Côté E, Micieli JA.
Vertical one-and-a-half syndrome due to metastatic spindle cell carcinoma of the lung.  Can J Neurol Sci. 2020 May 26:1-7. doi: 10.1017/cjn.2020.100. Online ahead of print.Can J Neurol Sci. 2020. PMID: 32450926

de Jong MC, Kors WA, Moll AC, de Graaf P, Castelijns JA, Jansen RW, Gallie B, Soliman SE, Shaikh F, Dimaras H, Kivelä TT.
Screening for Pineal Trilateral Retinoblastoma Revisited: A Meta-analysis.
Ophthalmology. 2020 May;127(5):601-607. doi: 10.1016/j.ophtha.2019.10.040. Epub 2019 Nov 9.Ophthalmology. 2020. PMID: 32061409

Duncan JL, Liang W, Maguire MG, Audo I, Ayala AR, Birch DG, Carroll J, Cheetham JK, Esposti SD, Durham TA, Erker L, Farsiu S, Ferris FL 3rd, Heon E, Hufnagel RB, Iannaccone A, Jaffe GJ, Kay CN, Michaelides M, Pennesi ME, Sahel JA; Foundation Fighting Blindness Consortium Investigator Group.
Baseline Visual Field Findings in the RUSH2A Study: Associated Factors and Correlation with Other Measures of Disease Severity.  .Am J Ophthalmol. 2020 May 21:S0002-9394(20)30254-3. doi: 10.1016/j.ajo.2020.05.024. Online ahead of print.Am J Ophthalmol. 2020. PMID: 32446738

Durr GM, Töteberg-Harms M, Lewis R, Fea A, Marolo P, Ahmed IIK.
Current review of Excimer laser Trabeculostomy. Eye Vis (Lond). 2020 May 5;7:24. doi: 10.1186/s40662-020-00190-7. eCollection 2020.Eye Vis (Lond). 2020. PMID: 32391398

Felfeli T, Altomare F, Mandelcorn ED.
SUTURELESS CLOSURE OF 23- AND 25-GAUGE LEAKING SCLEROTOMIES WITH THE SCLERAL NEEDLING TECHNIQUE.  Retina. 2020 May;40(5):838-844. doi: 10.1097/IAE.0000000000002484.Retina. 2020. PMID: 30821730

Felfeli T, Mireskandari K, Ali A. 
Long-term outcomes of pediatric traumatic cataracts and retinal detachments due to self-inflicted injuries.  Eur J Ophthalmol. 2020 May 26:1120672120926452. doi: 10.1177/1120672120926452. Online ahead of print.Eur J Ophthalmol. 2020. PMID: 32452266

Hatch W, El-Defrawy S, Ong Tone S, Stein R, Slomovic AR, Rootman DS, Rabinovitch T, Kranemann C, Chew HF, Chan CC, Bujak MC, Cohen A, Lebovic G, Jin Y, Singal N.
Accelerated Corneal Cross-Linking: Efficacy, Risk of Progression, and Characteristics Affecting Outcomes. A Large, Single-Center Prospective Study.  Am J Ophthalmol. 2020 May;213:76-87. doi: 10.1016/j.ajo.2020.01.006. Epub 2020 Jan 13.Am J Ophthalmol. 2020. PMID: 31945333

Hu A, Chan AT, Micieli JA.
Complete Recovery of Vision after Optic Nerve Relapse of Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia. Can J Neurol Sci. 2020 May;47(3):431-433. doi: 10.1017/cjn.2020.31.Can J Neurol Sci. 2020. PMID: 32051053

Ing EB, Xu QA, Salimi A, Torun N.
Physician deaths from corona virus (COVID-19) disease. Occup Med (Lond). 2020 May 15:kqaa088. doi: 10.1093/occmed/kqaa088. Online ahead of print.Occup Med (Lond). 2020. PMID: 32409839

Kabanovski A, Hatch W, Chaudhary V, El-Defrawy S, Reid R, Ahmed IIK, Schlenker MB.
Validation and application of Catquest-9SF in various populations: A systematic review. Surv Ophthalmol. 2020 May-Jun;65(3):348-360. doi: 10.1016/j.survophthal.2019.12.002. Epub 2019 Dec 18.Surv Ophthalmol. 2020. PMID: 31862206

Kisilevsky E, Freund P, Margolin E.
Mitochondrial disorders and the eye. Surv Ophthalmol. 2020 May-Jun;65(3):294-311. doi: 10.1016/j.survophthal.2019.11.001. Epub 2019 Nov 27.Surv Ophthalmol. 2020. PMID: 31783046

Kletke SN, Vincent A, Maynes JT, Elbaz U, Mireskandari K, Lam WC, Ali A.
A de novo mutation in PITX2 underlies a unique form of Axenfeld-Rieger sy ndrome with corneal neovascularization and extensive proliferative vitreoretinopathy. Ophthalmic Genet. 2020 May 19:1-5. doi: 10.1080/13816810.2020.1768556. Online ahead of print.Ophthalmic Genet. 2020. PMID: 32429730

Kryshtalskyj MT, Buncic JR, Ali A.
The Emergence of paediatric ophthalmology: a Canadian perspective from Toronto's Hospital for Sick Children. Can J Ophthalmol. 2020 May 13:1874. doi: 10.1016/j.jcjo.2020.03.006. Online ahead of print.Can J Ophthalmol. 2020.PMID: 32416930

Liu J, Wang AY, Ing EB.
Efficacy of slit lamp breath shields.  J Ophthalmol. 2020 May 11:S0002-9394(20)30234-8. doi: 10.1016/j.ajo.2020.05.005. Online ahead of print.Am J Ophthalmol. 2020. PMID: 32407727

Lu Y, Shiau F, Yi W, Lu S, Wu Q, Pearson JD, Kallman A, Zhong S, Hoang T, Zuo Z, Zhao F, Zhang M, Tsai N, Zhuo Y, He S, Zhang J, Stein-O'Brien GL, Sherman TD, Duan X, Fertig EJ, Goff LA, Zack DJ, Handa JT, Xue T, Bremner R, Blackshaw S, Wang X, Clark BS.
Single-Cell Analysis of Human Retina Identifies Evolutionarily Conserved and Species-Specific Mechanisms Controlling Development. Dev Cell. 2020 May 18;53(4):473-491.e9. doi: 10.1016/j.devcel.2020.04.009. Epub 2020 May 7.Dev Cell. 2020. PMID: 32386599

Marafon SB, Juncal VR, Muni RH.
Retinal Shift with Perfluorocarbon Liquid without Air-Fluid Exchange.  Ophthalmology. 2020 May;127(5):598. doi: 10.1016/j.ophtha.2020.01.053.Ophthalmology. 2020. PMID: 32327130

Margolin E, Emami S.
Teaching Video NeuroImages: Convergence retraction nystagmus due to compressive lesion of the dorsal midbrain. Neurology. 2020 May 26;94(21):e2285-e2286. doi: 10.1212/WNL.0000000000009481. Epub 2020 May 4.Neurology. 2020.PMID: 32366535

Popovic MM, Muni RH, Nichani P, Kertes PJ.
Topical Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drugs for Pain Resulting from Intravitreal Injections: A Meta-Analysis. Ophthalmol Retina. 2020 May;4(5):461-470. doi: 10.1016/j.oret.2020.01.024. Epub 2020 Feb 13.Ophthalmol Retina. 2020. PMID: 32199867

Sorkin N, Mimouni M, Kisilevsky E, Boutin T, Cohen E, Trinh T, Santaella G, Slomovic AR, Chan CC, Rootman DS. .Am J Ophthalmol.
Four-year Survival of Descemet Membrane Endothelial Keratoplasty in Patients with Prior Glaucoma Surgery.  2020 May 21:S0002-9394(20)30250-6. doi: 10.1016/j.ajo.2020.05.020. Online ahead of print.Am J Ophthalmol. 2020. PMID: 32446739

Strungaru MH, Gonzalez J, Weisbrod DJ, Tayfour F, Buys YM.
Acute Angle Closure Following Implantable Collamer Lens For Myopia. J Glaucoma. 2020 May 1. doi: 10.1097/IJG.0000000000001533. Online ahead of print.J Glaucoma. 2020. PMID: 32366780

Wang JCC, Mustafa M, Teichman JC, O'Donnell H, Broady R, Yeung SN.
Risk factors associated with severity of dry eye syndrome in ocular graft-versus-host disease. Can J Ophthalmol. 2020 May 18:S0008-4182(19)30618-0. doi: 10.1016/j.jcjo.2020.04.013. Online ahead of print.Can J Ophthalmol. 2020. PMID: 32439193

Yücel YH, Cheng F, Cardinell K, Zhou X, Irving H, Gupta N.
Age-related decline of lymphatic drainage from the eye: A noninvasive in vivo photoacoustic tomography study. Exp Eye Res. 2020 May;194:108029. doi: 10.1016/j.exer.2020.108029. Epub 2020 Apr 3.Exp Eye Res. 2020.PMID: 32251650
June 2020

Aubry A, Pearson JD, Huang K, Livne-Bar I, Ahmad M, Jagadeesan M, Khetan V, Ketela T, Brown KR, Yu T, Lu S, Wrana JL, Moffat J, Bremner R. Functional genomics identifies new synergistic therapies for retinoblastoma. Oncogene. 2020 Jun 22. doi: 10.1038/s41388-020-1372-7. Online ahead of print. PMID: 32572160

Barton JJS, Ranalli P.
Vision therapy: ocular motor training in mild traumatic brain injury.  Ann Neurol. 2020 Jun 15. doi: 10.1002/ana.25820. Online ahead of print. PMID: 32542907

Bhambhwani V, Khalili S, Tehrani N, Ali A, Mireskandari K.
Outcomes and complications of immediate versus delayed sequential bilateral cataract surgery in children.  J AAPOS. 2020 Jun 1:S1091-8531(20)30102-6. doi: 10.1016/j.jaapos.2020.02.009. Online ahead of print. PMID: 32497580

Boutin T, Sorkin N, Einan-Lifshitz A, Mednick Z, Mimouni M, Cohen E, Trinh T, Santaella G, Buys YM, Trope G, Chan CC, Rootman DS
Descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty in patients with prior glaucoma surgery. Eur J Ophthalmol. 2020 Jun 30:1120672120936178. doi: 10.1177/1120672120936178. Online ahead of print. PMID: 32605435

Britton Hm, Goldfarb J, Kherani F, Hall D, Ing E.  Digital Caliper Exophthalmometry.  June 2020; 2020
Canadian Ophthalmological Society Annual Meeting And Exhibition Poster.

Campbell RJ, Ten Hove MW, Bell CM, Gill SS, Hooper PL, Whitehead M, Campbell ELP, El-Defrawy SR. Exclusive cataract surgical focus among ophthalmologists: a population-based analysis.
Can J Ophthalmol. 2020 Jun 23:S0008-4182(20)30600-1. doi: 10.1016/j.jcjo.2020.05.003. Online ahead of print. PMID: 32589916

Christakis PG, Agrón E, Klein ML, Clemons TE, Campbell JP, Ferris FL, Chew EY, Keenan TD; Age-Related Eye Diseases Study Research Group.
Incidence of Macular Atrophy after Untreated Neovascular Age-Related Macular Degeneration: Age-Related Eye Disease Study Report 40.  Ophthalmology. 2020 Jun;127(6):784-792. doi: 10.1016/j.ophtha.2019.11.016. Epub 2019 Nov 26. PMID: 31899035

Côté E, Micieli JA.
Roth spot secondary to Valsalva retinopathy.  BMJ Case Rep. 2020 Jun 17;13(6):e234348. doi: 10.1136/bcr-2020-234348. PMID: 32554448

Daigle P, Leung V, Yin V, Kalin-Hajdu E, Nijhawan N.
Personal protective equipment (PPE) during the COVID-19 pandemic for oculofacial plastic and orbital surgery.  Orbit. 2020 Jun 18:1-6. doi: 10.1080/01676830.2020.1781200. Online ahead of print. PMID: 32552229

El-Sehemy A, Selvadurai H, Ortin-Martinez A, Pokrajac N, Mamatjan Y, Tachibana N, Rowland K, Lee L, Park N, Aldape K, Dirks P, Wallace VA.
Norrin mediates tumor-promoting and -suppressive effects in glioblastoma via Notch and Wnt.  J Clin Invest. 2020 Jun 1;130(6):3069-3086. doi: 10.1172/JCI128994. PMID: 32182224

Flegg K, Gelkopf MJ, Johnson SA, Dimaras H; Canadian Retinoblastoma Research Advisory Board Priority Setting Steering Committee.
The top 10 retinoblastoma research priorities in Canada as determined by patients, clinicians and researchers: a patient-oriented priority-setting partnership.  CMAJ Open. 2020 Jun 9;8(2):E420-E428. doi: 10.9778/cmajo.20190221. Print 2020 Apr-Jun. PMID: 32518094

Freund PR, Wright T, Margolin EA.
Toxic Optic Neuropathy From Quinine Overdose.  J Neuroophthalmol. 2020 Jun;40(2):258-261. doi: 10.1097/WNO.0000000000000865. PMID: 31842144

Fung SSM, El Hamouly A, Sami H, Jiandani D, Williams S, Tehrani N, Mireskandari K, Ali A.
Corneal endothelium in paediatric patients with uveitis: a prospective longitudinal study.  Br J Ophthalmol. 2020 Jun 10:bjophthalmol-2020-316120. doi: 10.1136/bjophthalmol-2020-316120. Online ahead of print. PMID: 32522794

Fung SSM, Mason M, Gore DM, Mireskandari K, Ali A.
Technique for pediatric corneal crosslinking under general anesthesia.  J AAPOS. 2020 Jun 5:S1091-8531(20)30104-X. doi: 10.1016/j.jaapos.2020.01.015. Online ahead of print. PMID: 32512211

Graef S, Chiu HH, Wan MJ.
The risk of a serious etiology in pediatric Horner syndrome: indications for a workup and which investigations to perform.  J AAPOS. 2020 Jun 6:S1091-8531(20)30107-5. doi: 10.1016/j.jaapos.2020.02.012. Online ahead of print. PMID: 32522708

Hostovsky A, Muni RH, Eng KT, Mulhall D, Leung C, Kertes PJ.
Intraoperative Dexamethasone Intravitreal Implant (Ozurdex) in Vitrectomy Surgery for Epiretinal Membrane.  Curr Eye Res. 2020 Jun;45(6):737-741. doi: 10.1080/02713683.2019.1697454. Epub 2019 Dec 10. PMID: 31765241

Hussain A, Tucker N, DeAngelis DD, Yin VT, Ing E, Arthurs B, Gill HS, Hardy I, Hurwitz J, Kratky V, Maleki B, Nijhawan N, Oestreicher J, Zafar A.
Guidelines for vismodegib in the management of periocular basal cell carcinoma.  Can J Ophthalmol. 2020 Jun;55(3):245-252. doi: 10.1016/j.jcjo.2019.11.004. Epub 2020 Jan 1. PMID: 31901307

Ing E, Ing R. Spreadsheet Calculator for Medically Necessary, Time-Sensitive Procedures During and after the COVID-19 Pandemic,  Journal of the American College of Surgeons, Available online 24 June 2020.

Janic A, Kimani K, Olembo I, Dimaras H. Lessons for Patient Engagement in Research in Low- and Middle-Income Countries.  Ophthalmol Ther. 2020 Jun;9(2):221-229. doi: 10.1007/s40123-020-00246-w. Epub 2020 Mar 28. PMID: 32222906

Juncal VR, Mak MYK, Bamakrid M, Muni RH.
Changes in Aqueous Cytokine Levels Following Intravitreal Aflibercept in Treatment-Naive Patients with Diabetic Macular Edema.  J Ocul Pharmacol Ther. 2020 Jun 24. doi: 10.1089/jop.2020.0038. Online ahead of print. PMID: 32589498

Kaba Q, Somani S, Tam E, Yuen D.
The Effectiveness and Safety of Micropulse Cyclophotocoagulation in the Treatment of Ocular Hypertension and Glaucoma. Ophthalmology Glaucoma. Volume 3, Issue 3, May–June 2020, Pages 181-189

Kabanovski A, Jeeva-Patel T, Margolin E. J
Severe visual loss after one episode of anti-MOG optic neuritis.  Neurol Sci. 2020 Jun 23;416:117002. doi: 10.1016/j.jns.2020.117002. Online ahead of print. PMID: 32599293

Katzengold R, Gefen A, Sorkin N, Smadja D, Varssano D.
Simulation of the biomechanical effects induced by laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) for different levels of ablation in normal corneas. Eye (Lond). 2020 Jun 16. doi: 10.1038/s41433-020-1017-7. Online ahead of print. PMID: 32546746

Kisilevsky E, Yu E, Margolin E.
Asymptomatic Papilledema in a 64-Year-Old Man.  JAMA Ophthalmol. 2020 Jun 11. doi: 10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2020.0875. Online ahead of print. PMID: 32525514

Korobelnik JF, Loewenstein A, Eldem B, Joussen AM, Koh A, Lambrou GN, Lanzetta P, Li X, Lövestam-Adrian M, Navarro R, Okada AA, Pearce I, Rodríguez FJ, Wong DT, Wu L.
Guidance for anti-VEGF intravitreal injections during the COVID-19 pandemic.  Version 2. Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol. 2020 Jun;258(6):1149-1156. doi: 10.1007/s00417-020-04703-x. Epub 2020 Apr 23. PMID: 32328757

Lam WC, Choudhry N, Wong D  
Polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy in Canada.  Can J Ophthalmol. 2020 Jun;55(3):199-211. doi: 10.1016/j.jcjo.2019.10.011. Epub 2019 Dec 24. PMID: 31879067

Ling J, Micieli JA.
Recurrent MOG-IgG optic neuritis initially attributed to Sjögren's syndrome.  Can J Neurol Sci. 2020 Jun 11:1-8. doi: 10.1017/cjn.2020.120. Online ahead of print. PMID: 32522294

Liu J, Chuo J, Pagnoux C, Torun N, Ing E. The post-test probability of giant cell arteritis after ultrasound, MRI, or negative biopsy, June 2020; 2020
Canadian Ophthalmological Society Annual Meeting And Exhibition Poster, Https://Doi.Org/10.26226/Morressier.5e9852a0df8760da4ba873fc

Liu J, Sivakumar G, Chuo J, Ing E.  An Online Calculator For Hydroxychloroquine Drug Dosing To Minimize Retinal Toxicity.  June 2020; 2020 Canadian Ophthalmological Society Annual Meeting And Exhibition Poster.  Https://Doi.Org/10.26226/Morressier.5e61463c250f7ee26aeb41d5
Liu SY, Trope GE, Buys YM, El-Defrawy SR, Khan AM, Jin YP. Can Visual impairment and the Ontario Disability Support Program.  J Ophthalmol. 2020 Jun;55(3):212-220. doi: 10.1016/j.jcjo.2019.12.009. Epub 2020 Apr 4. PMID: 32253012

Ma J, Micieli JA.
Severe Vision Loss in a Man With Heavy Tobacco and Alcohol Consumption.  JAMA Ophthalmol. 2020 Jun 18. doi: 10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2020.0900. Online ahead of print. PMID: 32556063

Margolin EA, Mason RH.
Female-to-male transgender patient with idiopathic intracranial hypertention.  J Neurol Sci. 2020 Jun 3;415:116970. doi: 10.1016/j.jns.2020.116970. Online ahead of print. PMID: 32521344

Micieli JA, Streutker CJ, McIntyre K.
Isolated Optic Perineuritis as the Presenting Sign of Sarcoidosis.  J Neuroophthalmol. 2020 Jun;40(2):255-257. doi: 10.1097/WNO.0000000000000822. PMID: 31490345

Mimouni M, Kreimei M, Sorkin N, Trinh T, Santaella G, Cohen E, Chan CC, Rootman DS.
Factors associated with improvement in vision following femtosecond astigmatic keratotomy in post keratoplasty keratoconus patients.  Am J Ophthalmol. 2020 Jun 20:S0002-9394(20)30293-2. doi: 10.1016/j.ajo.2020.06.007. Online ahead of print. PMID: 32574774
Minaker SA, Mason RH, Lahaie Luna G, Bapat P, Muni RH.
Changes in aqueous and vitreous inflammatory cytokine levels in neovascular age-related macular degeneration: a systematic review and meta-analysis.  Acta Ophthalmol. 2020 Jun 29. doi: 10.1111/aos.14537. Online ahead of print. PMID: 32602185

Moses C, Flegg K, Dimaras H.
Patient knowledge, experiences and preferences regarding retinoblastoma and research: A qualitative study.  Health Expect. 2020 Jun;23(3):632-643. doi: 10.1111/hex.13043. Epub 2020 Feb 29. PMID: 32113195

Muni RH, Francisconi CLM, Felfeli T, Mak MYK, Berger AR, Wong DT, Altomare F, Giavedoni LR, Kohly RP, Kertes PJ, Figueiredo N, Zuo F, Thorpe KE, Hillier RJ.
Vision-Related Functioning in Patients Undergoing Pneumatic Retinopexy vs Vitrectomy for Primary Rhegmatogenous Retinal Detachment: A Post Hoc Exploratory Analysis of the PIVOT Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA Ophthalmol. 2020 Jun 18:e202007. doi: 10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2020.2007. Online ahead of print. PMID: 32556156

Mothe AJ, Coelho M, Huang L, Monnier PP, Cui YF, Mueller BK, Jacobson PB, Tator CH.
Delayed administration of the human anti-RGMa monoclonal antibody elezanumab promotes functional recovery including spontaneous voiding after spinal cord injury in rats.  Neurobiol Dis. 2020 Jun 23;143:104995. doi: 10.1016/j.nbd.2020.104995. Online ahead of print. PMID: 32590037

Parish DC, Bidot S, Bruce BB, Micieli JA, Blanch RJ, Newman AB, Newman NJ, Biousse V.  
Self-Reported Weight and Height Among Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension Patients.  J Neuroophthalmol. 2020 Jun;40(2):157-162. doi: 10.1097/WNO.0000000000000861. PMID: 31842150

Pearce I, Clemens A, Brent MH, Lu L, Gallego-Pinazo R, Minnella AM, Creuzot-Garcher C, Spital G, Sakamoto T, Dunger-Baldauf C, McAllister IL; all the LUMINOUS™ study investigators.
Real-world outcomes with ranibizumab in branch retinal vein occlusion: The prospective, global, LUMINOUS study. PLoS One. 2020 Jun 18;15(6):e0234739. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0234739. eCollection 2020. PMID: 32555630

Rodriguez AR, Tyndel FJ.
The Eyes Give Warning.  J Neuroophthalmol. 2020 Jun;40(2):281-282. doi: 10.1097/WNO.0000000000000932. PMID: 32209827

Saha R, Kabanovski A, Klejman S, Margolin E, Buys YM.
Patients' complaints involving ophthalmologists in the province of Ontario, Canada: a 5-year review.  Can J Ophthalmol. 2020 Jun;55(3S1):22-26. doi: 10.1016/j.jcjo.2019.08.007. Epub 2019 Nov 8. PMID: 31712008

Sanderson KG, Millar E, Tumber A, Klatt R, Sondheimer N, Vincent A.
Rod bipolar cell dysfunction in POLG retinopathy.  Doc Ophthalmol. 2020 Jun 21. doi: 10.1007/s10633-020-09777-w. Online ahead of print. PMID: 32567010

Shao Z, Tumber A, Maynes J, Tavares E, Kannu P, Heon E, Vincent A.
Unique retinal signaling defect in GNB5-related disease.  Doc Ophthalmol. 2020 Jun;140(3):273-277. doi: 10.1007/s10633-019-09735-1. Epub 2019 Nov 12. PMID: 31720979

Simonsz HJ, Rutar T, Kraft S, Thiadens AAHJ, Batstra MR, Verdijk RM, Loeffler KU, Kommerell G; Endophthalmitis-after-Strabismus-Surgery Reporting Group.
Endophthalmitis after strabismus surgery: incidence and outcome in relation to age, operated eye muscle, surgical technique, scleral perforation and immune state.  Acta Ophthalmol. 2020 Jun 13. doi: 10.1111/aos.14446. Online ahead of print. PMID: 32533628

Skilton AM, Low LG, Dimaras H.
Patients, Public and Service Users are Experts by Experience: An Overview from Ophthalmology Research in Canada, UK and Beyond.  Ophthalmol Ther. 2020 Jun;9(2):207-213. doi: 10.1007/s40123-020-00237-x. Epub 2020 Feb 29. PMID: 32114666

Soliman SE, Martínez S, De Nicola ML, Kiehl R, Krema H.
Molecular analysis confirms retinoblastoma diagnosis in a histologically undifferentiated retinal tumor in an adult.  Ophthalmic Genet. 2020 Jun 16:1-4. doi: 10.1080/13816810.2020.1765398. Online ahead of print. PMID: 32543965

Sorkin N, Mimouni M, Santaella G, Trinh T, Cohen E, Einan-Lifshitz A, Chan CC, Rootman DS.
Comparison of Manual and Femtosecond Laser-Assisted Descemet Membrane Endothelial Keratoplasty for Failed Penetrating Keratoplasty.  Am J Ophthalmol. 2020 Jun;214:1-8. doi: 10.1016/j.ajo.2019.11.015. Epub 2019 Nov 20. PMID: 31758925

Tomar AS, Finger PT, Gallie B, Mallipatna A, Kivelä TT, Zhang C, Zhao J, Wilson MW, Brenna RC, Burges M, Kim J, Khetan V, Ganesan S, Yarovoy A, Yarovaya V, Kotova E, Yousef YA, Nummi K, Ushakova TL, Yugay OV, Polyakov VG, Ramirez-Ortiz MA, Esparza-Aguiar E, Chantada G, Schaiquevich P, Fandino A, Yam JC, Lau WW, Lam CP, Sharwood P, Moorthy S, Long QB, Essuman VA, Renner LA, Semenova E, Català J, Correa-Llano G, Carreras-Bertran E; American Joint Committee on Cancer Ophthalmic Oncology Task Force.
A Multicenter, International Collaborative Study for AJCC-Staging of Retinoblastoma: Treatment Success and Globe Salvage.  Ophthalmology. 2020 Jun 8:S0161-6420(20)30524-8. doi: 10.1016/j.ophtha.2020.05.051. Online ahead of print. PMID: 32526306

Tomar AS, Finger PT, Gallie B, Mallipatna A, Kivelä TT, Zhang C, Zhao J, Wilson MW, Kim J, Khetan V, Ganesan S, Yarovoy A, Yarovaya V, Kotova E, Yousef YA, Nummi K, Ushakova TL, Yugay OV, Polyakov VG, Ramirez-Ortiz MA, Esparza-Aguiar E, Chantada G, Schaiquevich P, Fandino A, Yam JC, Lau WW, Lam CP, Sharwood P, Moorthy S, Long QB, Essuman VA, Renner LA, Català J, Correa-Llano G; American Joint Committee on Cancer Ophthalmic Oncology Task Force.
A Multicenter, International Collaborative Study for AJCC-Staging of Retinoblastoma: Metastasis-Associated Mortality.  Ophthalmology. 2020 Jun 5:S0161-6420(20)30516-9. doi: 10.1016/j.ophtha.2020.05.050. Online ahead of print. PMID: 32512116

Wong AMF.
Beyond burnout: looking deeply into physician distress.  Can J Ophthalmol. 2020 Jun;55(3S1):7-16. doi: 10.1016/j.jcjo.2020.01.014. Epub 2020 Mar 20. PMID: 32204885 Review.

Wong DT, Lambrou GN, Loewenstein A, Pearce I, Okada AA.
SUSPENDING TREATMENT OF NEOVASCULAR AGE-RELATED MACULAR DEGENERATION IN CASES OF FUTILITY.  Retina. 2020 Jun;40(6):1010-1020. doi: 10.1097/IAE.0000000000002713. PMID: 31876889

Xu Qa, Chuo J, Kherani F, Landau K, Ing E.  Practice Preferences: Temporal Artery Biopsy Versus Doppler Ultrasound In The Work-Up Of Giant Cell Arteritis.  June 2020; 2020
Canadian Ophthalmological Society Annual Meeting And Exhibition Poster. Https://Doi.Org/10.26226/Morressier.5e9852a0df8760da4ba873f6

Zhao J, Feng ZX, Wei M, Liu G, Solarte CE, Li B, Wang Y, Zhang C, Gallie BL. Impact of Systemic Chemotherapy and Delayed Enucleation on Survival of Children with Advanced Intraocular Retinoblastoma.  Ophthalmol Retina. 2020 Jun;4(6):630-639. doi: 10.1016/j.oret.2020.02.015. Epub 2020 Mar 4. PMID: 32387053

July 2020
Deng SX, Kruse F, Gomes JAP, Chan CC, Daya S, Dana R, Figueiredo FC, Kinoshita S, Rama P, Sangwan V, Slomovic AR, Tan D; International Limbal Stem Cell Deficiency Working Group.  Global Consensus on the Management of Limbal Stem Cell Deficiency. Cornea. 2020 Jul 6. doi: 10.1097/ICO.0000000000002358. Online ahead of print. PMID: 32639314
Gedde SJ, Feuer WJ, Lim KS, Barton K, Goyal S, Ahmed IIK, Brandt JD. Reply. Ophthalmology. 2020 Jul;127(7):e45-e46. doi: 10.1016/j.ophtha.2020.02.033. PMID: 32564821 No abstract available.
Grudzinska Pechhacker MK, Di Scipio M, Vig A, Tumber A, Roslin N, Tavares E, Vincent A, Hèon E. CRB1-related retinopathy overlapping the ocular phenotype of S-adenosylhomocysteine hydrolase deficiency.
Hostovsky A, Yap J, Mandelcorn MS, Mandelcorn ED. Densiron® 68 Heavy Silicone Oil As A Short-Term Intraocular Tamponade For Macula-On Inferior Retinal Detachments - A Case Series. Retin Cases Brief Rep. 2020 Jul 15. doi: 10.1097/ICB.0000000000001037. Online ahead of print. PMID: 32694274
Ing EB, Faggioni A, Lu Y.  Medial orbital dermoid cyst. Can J Ophthalmol. 2020 Jul 16:S0008-4182(20)30621-9. doi: 10.1016/j.jcjo.2020.05.011. Online ahead of print. PMID: 32682940 No abstract available.
Sixth cranial nerve palsy secondary to compression by dolichoectatic vertebrobasilar artery.
Jeeva-Patel T, Margolin EA, Mandell D. BMJ Case Rep. 2020 Jul 6;13(7):e234949. doi: 10.1136/bcr-2020-234949. PMID: 32636226 Free PMC article.
Jeon W, Trope GE, Glazier RH, Brent MH, Buys YM, Jin YP. Delisted routine eye examinations for nonrefractive eye conditions: a comparative analysis. CMAJ Open. 2020 Jul 15;8(3):E479-E486. doi: 10.9778/cmajo.20190125. Print 2020 Jul-Sep. PMID: 32669293 Free article.

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