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Volume 26, Number 1  | March 2018

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Dr. Sherif El-Defrawy
Message from the Chair

March 2018

Dear colleagues

The second annual SUMMIT FOR WOMEN IN ACADEMIC MEDICINE was held in the MaRS Conference Centre on February 28, 2018.  This was hosted by the Department of Medicine drawing on the powerful discussion and positive action inspired by the 2017 Summit.  Representing our department were Doctors Radha Kohly and Marisa Sit.  Male leadership from the University was invited to attend the last panel session of the day for a discussion on "Allies and Partners: Why They Matter and How We Find Them."  I found that brief session powerful and informative.  It is clear to me that we need to develop a language and a dialogue around this topic to move it forward.

The men and women in medicine must stand as allies to ensure there is gender equality and diversity, not only in medicine but in all areas of our society. I had asked Radha Kohly, our Director of Faculty Development to share how the day went and what concepts most resonated with her and I think it might be best to quote Radha in her own words (see below).  Radha will be incorporating education and discussion of gender equity and diversity into our faculty development evenings which will start in the 18/19 academic year.

Sherif El-Defrawy, MD, PhD, FRCS(C)
Nanji Family Chair in Ophthalmology & Vision Sciences
Chair & Professor, Department of Ophthalmology & Vision Sciences
University of Toronto

Dr. Radha Kohly - Reflections on the 2018 Summit for Women in Academic Medicine

The 2018 Summit for Women in Academic Medicine consisted of 4 panel discussions on the following topics:
  1. Women and advancement in other industries
  2. How to change institutional culture so that more women can become leaders
  3. New focus on women's leadership and diversity
  4. Allies and partners, why they matter and how to find them
* * *
While there were several important messages from the Summit, a few highlights for me were:
  • Women physicians need not only mentors but allies and advocates
  • We, as women physicians, are our own sponsors
  • It is possible to teach old dogs some new tricks
  • Be comfortable with discomfort and recognize that with power comes responsibility
  • Be declarative in the face of oppression and be responsible for who is (not) at the table and for what you have (not) talked about
  • Baseline discussions are required around what diversity means to all
  • Leaders and allies need to take micro acts of courage in response to the micro aggressions: a) Start by calling it out "I feel uncomfortable about what was just said or done", and b) Remember "the standard you walk past is the standard you accept"
  • Women physicians can benefit from formal structured training to practice skills that come naturally to male leaders
  • Say no to the "imposter syndrome", remember we have earned our place
  • Address the equity vs excellence myth, recruit diverse candidates, be proactive in identifying women for promotion and leadership
  • My favourite was the SHINE theory: a name given to the act of women supporting women by befriending powerful females instead of resenting their success, foregoing the internal ranking system in favour of being your best and helping others do the same; highlighting that you shine when the women around you shine
Featured in this issue:


Uganda Mission

Drs. Matthew Bujak, Alex Kaplan (PGY5), Stephan Ong-Tone (PGY5)

In December 2017, Dr. Matthew Bujak, Alex Kaplan (PGY5), Stephan Ong Tone (PGY5) and Celina Wu (Physician Assistant) travelled to Uganda for an international ophthalmology mission. The trip was a huge success and in just two weeks the team was able to screen and treat hundreds of patients, which included five corneal transplants and 98 cataract operations. The first week was spent in Kampala, where the focus was on corneal transplants, as well as teaching local residents in wet labs and didactic lectures. The second week took place in Kabale, a small town in southwestern Uganda. The focus there was to screen patients and perform cataract surgery. The highlight was watching these patients dance and sing once their eye patches were removed. They were led into Kabale regional hospital completely dependent on their family members – quiet, subdued, and afraid. They left as whole people – dancing, smiling, and singing. It was a privilege to help them through this transformation!

A documentary filmmaker, Darcy Muenchrath, joined the team to capture these and other highlights of the trip. His film will spread awareness of the Uganda mission and the huge need for international assistance in helping to tackle blindness in the developing world.

This mission would not have been possible without the generous support of the Nanji family and corneal tissue donated by Sightlife Labs and the Eye Bank of Canada. With the Nanjis’ help we were also able to purchase and donate a new surgical microscope that can accommodate two surgeons at one time. This will be instrumental in helping facilitate resident surgical training.

They concluded their trip with a visit to the Bwindi impenetrable forest to see an almost extinct species – the mountain gorilla. Any trip to Uganda would not be complete without a visit to see these incredible animals.

Retinoblastoma in China

Drs. Brenda Gallie and Stephanie Kletke (PGY4)

In November 2017, Dr. Brenda Gallie and Stephanie Kletke (PGY4 resident) travelled to Guangzhou, China to participate in retinoblastoma care and education. They worked closely with Dr. Junyang Zhao (Retinoblastoma specialist) and Dr. Liwen Jin (Pediatric Ophthalmologist) and observed vitrectomies performed by Dr. Qiyan Li (Vitreoretinal surgeon) at the Guangzhou Aier Eye Hospital. This group recently described planned PPV and endoresection of active retinoblastoma refractory to standard treatments as an alternative to enucleation in children with only one remaining eye, with no cases of extraocular dissemination.1

They also attended the 2017 Lifeline Express Paediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus International Summit Forum in Guangzhou. Dr. Gallie gave a lecture on steps to eliminate retinoblastoma-related deaths within the next 10 years. Dr. Gallie and Stephanie also observed intra-arterial chemotherapy at the Guangzhou Women and Children’s Hospital. Stephanie then travelled to Shenzhen to participate in examinations under anesthesia with Dr. Zhao. Dr. Gallie continued for a second week as a Visiting Consultant of the Chinese Foundation for Lifeline Express Eye-Train, giving lectures on retinoblastoma to Chinese physicians at the Zhanjiang Second People’s Hospital in Guangdong province, LiuZhou Women and Children’s Hospital, Guangxi, and Shanghai 9th People’s Hospital. This was a fantastic educational experience that will facilitate future collaborations with retinoblastoma providers in China.

1Zhao J , Li Q, Wu S et al. Pars Plana Vitrectomy and Endoresection of Refractory Intraocular Retinoblastoma. Ophthalmology 2017 Nov 16. Epub ahead of print.

ORBIS mission to Vietnam

Drs. Jamie Oestreicher, Harleen Bedi (PGY4), Imran Jivraj (Fellow), Mindy Shinoff (Nurse)

The mission trip to Hue in Vietnam in Feb 4-9, 2017 was organized in conjunction with Orbis. Our team comprised of Dr. Jamie Oestreicher, Dr. Imran Jivraj (fellow), Harleen Bedi (PGY4) and Mindy Shinoff (Nurse). We were joined by Anesthesia staff from the UK and other anesthesia doctors from various cities in Vietnam.

We started our hospital-based training program with a screening day when we provided consultations for several patients and selected candidates for surgery. Dr Oestreicher spent time in the OR training three hands-on trainees in various oculoplastic procedures.

Imran and Harleen delivered a daily lecture series, which was received very well by residents and staff. Mindy delivered lectures to nurses and OR assistants to review sterile technique and proper OR equipment management. The overarching vision of the Orbis initiative is to develop this institution into a training centre well-equipped in delivering oculoplastic care to patients.

Overall, the mission trip was a great success. Each day the team explored the beautiful city of Hue, which is known as the Imperial city of Vietnam. Our food adventures, shared conversations and laughter made each day fun and memorable. We returned home grateful for the new friendships and lifelong colleagues.


Why we are investing in U of T's Retinal Research Innovation Program

Darren Sissons
Darren Sissons
Loss of sight is a seriously debilitating event. Age-related sight loss or a burst retinal blood vessel can rob the sight of both young and old. Dr. Rajeev Muni’s efforts to maintain the sight and extend quality of life of his patients is truly remarkable. When not treating patients with advanced retina surgery, Dr. Muni returns to the lab to investigate and improve treatment options for retinal diseases. Our family is deeply impressed with Dr. Muni, his expertise and his research innovation program, and we have committed to a multi-year donation to support his work. I encourage others to support the Retina Research Innovation Program, to help transform lives of countless patients and families with the gift of vision.


Dr.  John Lloyd
We  completed the 2018 CaRMS application file review in December 2017, the interview day on January 22, 2018 and the Match Day on March 1, 2018.  It was a particularly strong year with many excellent candidates and almost 50% more applicants than usual.  The University of Toronto matched 4 Canadian Medical Graduates (CMGs) and one International Medical Graduate (IMG) in addition to our sponsored trainee (STAR) from the Middle East for a total of six residents beginning July 1, 2018.  We welcome the following incoming PGY1 residents, Mike Caputo, Elie Cote, Seema Emami, Michael Nguyen and Yogesh Patodia. 

Dr. Hall Chew, Admissions Chair, and Dr. John Lloyd, Program Director, would like to extend their thanks to the Resident Selection Committee on a very successful CaRMS year. A special thanks to this year's Rotating Resident Members for the assistance they provided to the Resident Selection Committee, Amrit Rai, Alfred Basilious and Victoria Leung.

The Committee is also grateful for the support received by Angela Zhang and Rebecca Stein for arranging the social event the night before the interviews and the site tour on interview day and the additional residents who participated in the orientation and tours - Jason Kwok, Stephanie Low and Stephan Ong Tone.

Resident Programme Committee (RPC)

Dr. John Lloyd
Dr. Lloyd chairs the Residency Program Committee (RPC). The RPC meets on the second Tuesday of each month during the academic year from September to May. The members of the RPC include resident representatives from each PGY year, Chief Resident(s), Chief Fellow, Faculty Site Directors from each teaching hospital, Fellowship Committee Director, Research Director, Surgical Curriculum Director, Data Management Director and the Program Director. The RPC serves several functions, including determining the structure of the residency program, dealing with resident-faculty conflict or concerns, and evaluating the quality of the rotations that comprise the residency program. A subcommittee of the RPC, the "Resident Promotions Committee", consists of the faculty members plus Chief Resident(s). This subcommittee reviews every residents' progress through training (including ITERs, examinations and professionalism) on a monthly basis. If concerns are identified, formal or informal remediation is recommended and planned.

Undergraduate Report

Dr. Hannah Chiu
The inaugural undergrad curriculum concluded successfully in December.  We had a meeting with David Chan this past week and overall reviews from the course were great. It was a tremendous effort and we are very grateful for the support of the department, and many members without whom this would not have been possible. We would like to thank the people who have been involved:

Medical student - Tina Felfeli
Residents - Dr. Angela Zhang, Dr. Alfred Basilious, Dr. Jeremy Goldfarb    
Faculty - Dr. Kathy Cao, Dr. Mark Mandell, Dr. Harmeet Gill, Dr. Kylen Mcreelis, Dr. Efrem Mandelcorn, and Dr. El-Defrawy 

DOVS Mentorship Programme

Dr. Radha Kohly
As part of our Faculty Development initiative, we have launched a Mentorship Program for our Department of Ophthalmology and Vision Sciences at the University of Toronto. This mentorship program is mandatory for our junior and mid-level faculty who have graduated within the past 15 years and have academic affiliation to our department. We are encouraging these faculty to meet with their mentor twice a year to discuss career-related issues. While this is mandatory for recent graduates, we encourage faculty at all stages in their career to find a mentor as transitions in practice, be they restrictive or expansive, benefit from the wisdom of those who have experienced similar or related issues. Please feel free to contact Dr. Radha Kohly, Director of Faculty development, for any questions regarding the mentorship program. Also stay tuned for our Faculty Development evening rounds which we will host tri-annually and cover topics such as physician wellness and burnout, mentorship, CV/dossier preparation for promotions, leadership, scholarship and other common early-, mid- and late career related issues.

Toronto Cataract Course

The Toronto Cataract Conference was held at Hilton Toronto Downtown on February 24, 2018. This year’s Cataract Conference focused around Dr. Warren Hill, arguably the world’s foremost authority on intraocular lens calculations. After unpacking corneal aberrations and topography, Dr. Hill presented an in-depth dissertation on mastering IOL power selection and an entertaining all-out “what went wrong” interactive case discussion. Relevant and topical issues in cataract surgery, including patient reported outcomes, impact on quality of life and understanding the value of cataract surgery were covered. New technology and managing postoperative issues with a “My surgery went great, but…” section also provided stimulating perspectives to all surgeons.

Do It For Right Reasons

Dr. Rosa Braga Mele was recently featured on the Cover Stories in the Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery Today (January 2018 issue).

Dr. Rosa Braga-Mele discusses her role as a leader in Ophthalmology and encourages young Ophthalmology physicians interested in leadership to never lose sight of how important it is to do it for the right reasons.

Spotlight on Alumni

Nurhan Torun, MD, Named Chief of Ophthalmology at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center in Boston

Nurhan Torun, who received her residency training as well as her fellowships in neuro-ophthalmology at U of T DOVS, was named Chief of Ophthalmology at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center in Boston.

Reprinted from Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center Press Release
February 1, 2018

BOSTON – Nurhan Torun, MD, an accomplished ophthalmologist internationally recognized for her expertise in ocular motility disorders, has been named Chief of Ophthalmology in the Department of Surgery at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center (BIDMC). In addition to her surgical practice, Torun is a leader in ophthalmologic research and education.

“Dr. Torun is an outstanding colleague who has already contributed much to BIDMC and to the field of ophthalmology,” says Elliot Chaikof, MD, PhD, Chair of the Department of Surgery. “In her new position, she will build on a strong foundation, and provide a fresh vision for how the division can continue to evolve and grow.”

Since she first joined the division in 2006 as the Director of the Neuro-opthalmology Clinic at BIDMC, Torun has provided expert care to patients with a wide range of ophthalmological disorders, including unexplained vision loss, undiagnosed neurological conditions, cranial nerve palsies, double vision and a wide variety of other disorders. Her surgical practice includes the treatment of cataracts and various anterior segment laser procedures.
“I have been privileged to be a part of this dynamic institution as a clinician, educator and researcher for more than ten years,” said Torun. “I am honored to now lead our division in my new role, where I will work closely with our talented team as we grow to meet the increasing need for our services while continuing to provide excellent care for our patients.”

Also an Assistant Professor of Ophthalmology at Harvard Medical School, Torun commits much of her time to training and mentoring students, resident and fellows. She was honored as the 2015 recipient of the Outstanding Teacher Award from the Harvard Neurology Residents at BIDMC and is also a member of both the BIDMC Academy of Medical Educators and The Academy at Harvard Medical School.

With having published more than 30 peer-reviewed manuscripts, reviews, monographs, and book chapters, Torun is also dedicated to clinical research and scholarship. She is currently conducting research to utilize eye movement as a novel quantitative biomarker to assess, diagnose, and monitor the progression of Huntington’s disease in collaboration with the Movement Disorders Clinic. Previously, she investigated the dynamic contour tonometry as a noninvasive diagnostic tool for giant cell arteritis. She has also served as Associate Editor of Neuro-ophthalmology.

Torun earned her medical degree from and graduated as the Gold Medalist of her class at Hacettepe University School of Medicine in Ankara, Turkey. She completed her residency in ophthalmology, as well as clinical and research fellowships in neuro-ophthalmology, at the University of Toronto, where she served as the Elizabeth Barford Fellow in Neurological Sciences. Torun is board certified in ophthalmology.

Honours and Awards

Dr. John Fowler receives EPSO's Excellence for Educational Leadership in Ophthalmology Award

Scarborough-Agincourt MPP Soo Wong (left) and Eye Physicians and Surgeons of Ontario (EPSO) chair Dr. Jordan Cheskes (right), present Dr. John Fowler with the EPSO award for Excellence in Educational Leadership in Ophthalmology during a recent ceremony at Queen's Park. - EPSO/photo

Dr. John Fowler has been awarded the Eye Physicians and Surgeons of Ontario’s (EPSO’s) Excellence for Educational Leadership in Ophthalmology Award, in recognition of his distinguished career in the specialty of ophthalmology.  The ceremony took place on September 27, 2017 at the Main Legislative Building at Queen's Park.

Full story:

Dr. Michael Richards

Congratulations to Dr. Michael Richards who successfully defended his PhD on November 23. 2017. Michael is one of two Ophthalmology residents in our program in the last two decades who completes a PhD at U of T after finishing residency training. The external reviewer of his PhD thesis said his work is "excellent, insightful, and cutting-edge". All five examiners unanimously agreed that he is by far the BEST PhD candidate they have ever examined in their entire academic lives. This speaks volume to Michael's talents, diligence, and determination to become an accomplished clinician-scientist.

We would like to wish him every success, happiness, and fulfillment as he moves towards the next stages in his career.

Ballios BG (PI).
Foundation Fighting Blindness Canada, Clinician-Scientist Emerging Leader Award 2017.

- Bioengineered cell delivery systems for the transplantation of stem cell progeny for retinal regeneration.

Gupta, N:
Chair,  Society Relations and Leadership Development, International Council of Ophthalmology – January 1st, 2018

Kraft SP:
Second Burton J Kushner Medallist and Lecturer in Pediatric Ophthalmology. Jan., 2017

Kraft SP:
48th Richard G. Scobee Memorial Lecturer in Strabismus. Nov., 2017

Kraft SP:
Election to Council of International Strabismological Association (ISA). Jan 2015 - Dec 2018

Leung V:
Award for Excellence in Ophthalmic Research, Second place, Canadian Ophthalmological Society 2017.
(One of three awards recognizing residents, fellows, or medical students who are conducting original, innovative research at a Canadian university)
- Corneal collagen cross-linking in the management of keratoconus in Canada: A cost-effectiveness analysis

Leung V:                                                            
Ron Jans Clinical Cornea Research Award, Canadian Ophthalmological Society 2017.
(Awarded once annually to a resident, fellow, or medical student conducting original, innovative clinical research in the area of cornea, external disease, or refractive surgery at a Canadian university)
- Corneal collagen cross-linking in the management of keratoconus in Canada: A cost-effectiveness analysis

Upcoming Events

March 2018 - June 2018

March 2, 2018
VPP Rounds
Dr. Jeremy Gilbert

March 9, 2018
VPP Rounds
Dr. Deepa Yoganathan

March 23, 2018
Jack Crawford Day 2018
The Peter Gilgan Centre for Research and Learning
686 Bay Street, Toronto


April 6, 2018
VPP Rounds
Dr. William Mieler

April 13, 2018
VPP Rounds
Dr. Sam Markowitz

April 20, 2018
VPP Rounds
Dr. Hatem Krema

April 27, 2018
VPP Rounds
Dr. Bernard Hurley

May 4, 2018
VPP Rounds
Dr. John M. Cropsey

May 11, 2018
VPP Rounds
Drs. Nancy Epstein & Wendy Hatch

May 18, 2018
DOVS 60th Annual Research Day and 37th Clement McCulloch Lecture

Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute Auditorum
209 Victoria Street, Toronto

June 5, 2018
DOVS Annual City-wide Meeting
Auditorium, 18th Floor
Mount Sinai Hospital

June 19, 2018
Graduation Dinner
U of T Faculty Club

Full Upcoming Calendar and Events

The 29th Annual Jack Crawford Day

Date: Friday, March 23, 2018

Location: The Peter Gilgan Centre for Research and Learning, 686 Bay Street, Toronto

This conference honours the late Dr. Jack S. Crawford, former Ophthalmologist-in-Chief for the Hospital for Sick Children, whose career was dedicated to advancing the specialty of paediatric ophthalmology and the care of children’s eye problems.

The 29th Annual Jack Crawford Day will focus on Technology and Innovation in Paediatric Ophthalmology.  The day will include topics relevant to both pediatric and general eye specialists including emerging therapies, developing diagnostics, innovating surgery, and technology controversies.

We welcome international guest speakers including Craig Donaldson, Anthony Moore, and Michael O’Keefe.  

This overall goal of this program is to delve into technology and innovation in paediatric ophthalmology, providing attendees with a historical perspective and current trends in technology, practical tips for new diagnostic test and treatments, and a view toward future innovations.

At the conclusion of the meeting the attendee will:
  • Recognize how technology has changed paediatric ophthalmology practice over the past 20 years
  •  Describe how to best utilize current technologies, including wide-field angiography, collagen cross-linking, telemedicine, and imaging technologies such as optical coherence tomography
  •  Cite examples of innovative treatments, including gene therapy for retinal dystrophies, refractive surgery, and image-guided orbital surgery
Click the link below:

More details…

Invited Lectures & Visiting Professorships

Ballios BG. Curing Blindness: More Than Meets the Eye. Topics in Translational Medicine: Bench to Bedside (HMB402H1F), Human Biology Degree Program, Faculty of Medicine. Toronto, ON: University of Toronto, 2017. (Invited Lecture)

Ballios BG. Autologous induced stem-cell-derived retinal cells for macular degeneration. In Keyvan Koushan (Ed). The Retina Channel Podcast. (2017). Online. (Interview)

Ballios BG. Emerging Stem Cell Therapies for Retinal Disease. 2018 Continuing Education Seminar, The Academy of Ophthalmic Education Conference Planner, Brampton, ON: AEO Canada, 2018. Online (Invited Lecture)

Chan C. ASCRS invited lecture on management and prevention of crosslinking complications. May 8, 2017

Dimaras H. Retinoblastoma: Clinical and Molecular Features. Aga Khan University Hospital (Nairobi, Kenya),  Department of Pathology Rounds. 22 November 2017.

Kraft SP. OCT and UBM in localizing ocular rectus muscles: Historical context and current concepts. The 2nd Annual Burton Kushner Medallist Lecture. AAPOS 2017 Burton Kushner Webinar on Imaging modalities in Strabismus Management. Toronto, ON. Jan. 21, 2017 (Invited Lecture)

Kraft SP. Annual Meeting of Australia and New Zealand Strabismus Society (ANZSS), Auckland, New Zealand. Feb. 24-25, 2017 (Invited Lecture)
a) Acute comitant esotropia in children
b) Idiopathic enlarged extraocular muscles in children – differential diagnosis
c) Vertical rectus transpositions with resections for total 6th nerve palsy
d) Resecting the lateral rectus in esotropic Duane syndrome – it can be done safely!
e) Cyclic strabismus in an adult – a case report and literature review
f) Adjustable sutures in strabismus surgery—do they lead to well-adjusted patients?
g) Case rounds – presentation and discussion of several strabismus cases

Kraft SP.  Introduction: Les syndromes “CCDD” (The Congenital Cranial Dysinnervation Disorders).  Congrès Strabomania 6: La Maison d’Aubrac, Aveyron, France. June 2-3, 2017 (Invited Lecture)

Kraft SP.  Using UBM and OCT in strabismus management. Annual Canadian Ophthalmological Society (COS) Meeting, Montréal, QC. June 15-18, 2017 (Invited Lecture)

Kraft SP. Strabismus after retinal detachment surgery: To remove the buckle or not. XXI Congress of CLADE (Latin American Council for Strabismus), Buenos Aires, Argentina. Oct. 25-28, 2017 (Invited Lecture)

Kraft SP. What did they know then: A journey among the giants of the past. The 48th Richard G. Scobee Memorial Lecture. Annual scientific session of American Association of Certified Orthoptists (AACO), New Orleans, LA, USA. Nov. 13, 2017 (Invited Lecture)

Kraft SP.
17th Emirates Society of Ophthalmology Conference, Dubai, United Arab Emirates (UAE). Dec. 14-16, 2017 (Invited Lecture)
a) Pearls and pitfalls in strabismus measurement and diagnosis
b) Congenitally enlarged extraocular muscles in children: Differential diagnosis and management
c) Strabismus in demyelinating diseases
d) Do adjustable sutures improve the results of strabismus surgery?
e) Two special strabismus cases: Surgical management
f) Functional benefits of adult strabismus surgery

Kraft SP. What did they know then: A journey among the giants of the past. Weekly Grand Rounds of Sick Kids Dept. Ophthalmology and Vision Sciences, Toronto, ON. Dec. 22, 2017 (Invited Lecture)

Kraft SP. Moorfields Eye Hospital Dubai, Ped. Ophthalmology Service, Dubai, UAE  Dec. 14, 2017 (Visiting Professor)

Kraft SP, Ngo C, Perez Araya MP: Adult-onset cyclic strabismus. 39th Meeting of European Strabismological Association (ESA). Porto, Portugal. Sept. 13-16, 2017 (Presentations by Competition/Submission)

Kraft SP, Connor A:  The quantitative inferior oblique traction test. Annual meeting of Association for Research in Strabismus (“Squint Club”), Thornbury, UK.Sept. 17-20, 2017 (Presentations by Competition/Submission)

Kraft SP.  Childhood strabismus surgery in Ontario: Is the indicidence changing? Annual Smith-Kettlewell Institute Fellows’ Meeting, San Francisco, CA, USA. July 27-30, 2017 (Presentations by Competition/Submission)

Kraft SP, Ngo C, Perez Araya MP: Adult-onset cyclic strabismus:  A case report and review of the literature. Midwest Regional Meeting of American Association of Certified Orthoptists (A.A.C.O.), Detroit, MI. May 4-6, 2017 (Presentations by Competition/Submission)

Slomovic A. Keratoconus symposium. Adverse events associated with CXL and with CXL and intacs: a University of Toronto, Kensington Eye Institute CXL study. XXX111 Pan American Congress. Lima,  Peru. Friday August 11th, 2017.

Teichman, J:
4th International RED SEA Ophthalmology Symposium. Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. 10 –13, January 2018.
- Repair of Iris Defects, Iris-Sutured IOLs, and Pupillary Cerclage
- Iris Suture WetLab
- Current Diagnosis And Treatment Of Dry Eye Disease
- Corneal/External Conditions That Are Often Misdiagnosed
- Dealing with Difficulties During Cataract Surgery
- Current Management Of Corneal Endothelial Disease (Including DMEK, DSAEK In Complex Cases)
- Toric IOLs In Cataract Surgery (Including Preop, Intraop, and Postop Care)
- Current Treatment Of Keratoconus (Including Corneal Cross-Linking, Topography Guided PRK, And DALK)

Recent Publications

Recent publications by DOVS Faculty, Staff, Residents and Fellows

December 2018 - February 2018
AlAli A, Bourgault S, Clark I, Lam WC. Exudative Retinal Detachment caused by a Choroidal Neovascular Membrane in Hallermann-Streiff Syndrome. Retin Cases Brief Rep. 2018 Winter;12(1):45-47.

Alnabulsi R, Hussain A, DeAngelis D. Complete ophthalmoplegia in Ipilmumab and Nivolumab combination treatment for metastatic melanoma. Orbit. 2018 Jan 30:1-4.  [Epub ahead of print]

Bae SS, Menninga I, Hoshino R, Humphreys C, Chan CC. Nomogram to Predict Graft Thickness in Descemet Stripping Automated Endothelial Keratoplasty: An Eye Bank Study. Cornea. 2018 Jan 25. [Epub ahead of print]

Bae SS, Yeung SN, Chan CC. Treatment and Resolution of Filamentary Keratitis in a Patient with Stiff Person Syndrome. Cornea. 2018 Feb;37(2):258-259.

Baltaziak M, Chew HF, Podbielski DW, Ahmed IIK. Glaucoma after corneal replacement. Surv Ophthalmol. 2018 Mar - Apr;63(2):135-148 Epub 2017 Sep 18. Review.

Bjornstad P, Lovshin JA, Lytvyn Y, Boulet G, Lovblom LE, Alhuzaim ON, Farooqi MA, Lai V, Tse J, Cham L, Orszag A, Scarr D, Weisman A, Keenan HA, Brent MH, Paul N, Bril V, Perkins BA, Cherney DZI. Adiposity Impacts Intrarenal Hemodynamic Function in Adults With Long-standing Type 1 Diabetes With and Without Diabetic Nephropathy: Results From the Canadian Study of Longevity in Type 1 Diabetes. Diabetes Care. 2018 Feb 2. [Epub ahead of print]

Cabrera M, Benavides AM, Hallaji NAE, Chung SA, Shapiro CM, Trope GE, Buys YM. Risk of obstructive sleep apnea in open-angle glaucoma versus controls using the STOP-Bang questionnaire. Can J Ophthalmol. 2018 Feb;53(1):76-80. doi: 10.1016/j.jcjo.2017.07.008. Epub 2017 Sep 27.

Chaudhary K, Mak M, Gizicki R, Muni R, Altomare F, Wong D, Berger AR. (SRA) Proportion of Macular Hole Surgery Patients who would have been Favourable Ocriplasmin Candidates: A Retrospective Analysis. RETINA Retina. 2017 Jan;37(1):76-79

Chen YN, Devenyi RG, Brent MH, Kertes PJ, Eng KT, Schwartz CE, Kohly RP, Chow DR, Wong DT, Berger AR, Altomare F, Giavedoni LR, Muni RH, Soon A, Yoo P, Lam WC. Age-related macular degeneration: is polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy recognized and treated? Can J Ophthalmol. 2017 Oct; 52(5): 475-479.

Chen YN, Patel CK, Kertes PJ, Devenyi RG, Blaser S, Lam WC. Retinal detachment and retrobulbar cysts in a large cohort of optic nerve coloboma. Retina 2017 March 23  

Chow DR, de Oliveira PRC (editor), Berger AR. OCT Angiography in Retinal Venous Occlusions. Book Chapter 9 in OCT Angiography Thieme Publishing, ISBN-13: 978-1626234734 , ISBN-10: 1626234736, 2017

Clark A, Wright T, Isaac M, Westall C, Mireskandari K, Tehrani NN. Macular morphology following unilateral bevacizumab injection for retinopathy of prematurity: an OCT study. J AAPOS. 2017 Dec;21(6):499-501.e1. doi: 10.1016/j.jaapos.2017.06.024.

Connor AJ, Kraft SP. Intraoperative intorsional traction test of the inferior oblique. Eye (Lond). 2018 Feb;32(2):384-390. Epub 2017 Sep 15.

De Oliviera PRC, Berger AR, Chow DR. Use of Evicel Fibrin Sealant in Optic Disc Pit-Associated Macular Detachment.  Ophthalmic Surg Lasers Imaging Retina. 2017 Apr 1;48(4):358-363.

De Oliveira PRC, Berger AR (Co-PA), Chow DR. Optical coherence tomography angiography in chorioretinal disorders . Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology, Vol. 52, Issue 1, p125–136 Published online: November 28, 2016, CJO 2017 Feb 52(1):125-136

Derzko-Dzulynsky L. IgG4-related disease in the eye and ocular adnexa.Curr Opin Ophthalmol. 2017 Nov;28(6):617-622

Devenyi RG, Manusow J, Patino BE, Mongy M, Markowitz M, Markowitz SN. The Toronto experience with the Argus II retinal prosthesis: new technology, new hope for patients. Can J Ophthalmol. 2018 Feb;53(1):9-13. Epub 2017 Dec 23.

Dhirani NA, Yang Y, Somani S. Long-term outcomes in half-dose verteporfin photodynamic therapy for chronic central serous retinopathy. Clin Ophthalmol. 2017 Dec 6;11:2145-2149. eCollection 2017.

Dimaras H, Corson TW. Retinoblastoma, the visible CNS tumor: A review. J Neurosci Res. 2018 Jan 3. [Epub ahead of print]

Elbaz U, Kirwan C, Shen C, Ali A. Avoiding big bubble complications: outcomes of layer-by-layer deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty in children. Br J Ophthalmol. 2018 Jan 4. [Epub ahead of print]

Felfeli T, Mandelcorn ED. Macular Hole Hydrodissection: Surgical Technique for the Treatment of Persistent, Chronic, and Large Macular Holes. Retina. 2018 Jan 4. [Epub ahead of print]

Felfeli T, Mireskandari K. Eye complications from self-injury in a child. CMAJ. 2018 Jan 29;190(4):E114.

Fung SSM, Catapano J, Elbaz U, Zuker RM, Borschel GH, Ali A. In Vivo Confocal Microscopy Reveals Corneal Reinnervation After Treatment of Neurotrophic Keratopathy With Corneal Neurotization. Cornea. 2018 Jan;37(1):109-112.

Fung SSM, Jabbour S, Harissi-Dagher M, Tan RRG, Hamel P, Baig K, Ali A. Visual Outcomes and Complications of Type I Boston Keratoprosthesis in Children: A Retrospective Multicenter Study and Literature Review. Ophthalmology. 2018 Feb;125(2):153-160. doi: 10.1016/j.ophtha.2017.07.009. Epub 2017 Aug 12.

Gan NY, Zimmer C, Lam WC. Multi-spectral imaging of circumscribed choroidal hemangioma. Ophthalmic Surg Laser Imaging Retina. 2017 July1; 48(7):572-575

Gedleh A, Lee S, Hill JA, Umukunda Y, Qaiser S, Kabiru J, Kimani K, Njambi L, Kitonyi G, Dimaras H. "Where Does it Come from?" Experiences Among Survivors and Parents of Children with Retinoblastoma in Kenya. J Genet Couns. 2017 Nov 23.  [Epub ahead of print]

Gizicki R, Chow DR, Mak M, Wong DT, Muni RH, Altomare F, Berger AR (Co-PA), Giavedoni L. Differences in Surgical Performance of Internal Limiting Membrane Peeling for Macular Hole Repair Between Supervised Vitreoretinal Fellows and Vitreoretinal Faculty at a Single Academic Institution

González EG, Tarita-Nistor L, Mandelcorn E, Mandelcorn M, Steinbach MJ. Mechanisms of Image Stabilization in Central Vision Loss: Smooth Pursuit. Optom Vis Sci. 2018 Jan;95(1):60-69.

Guo X, Jiang Q, Tuccitto A, Chan D, Alqawlaq S, Won GJ, Sivak JM. The AMPK-PGC-1α signaling axis regulates the astrocyte glutathione system to protect against oxidative and metabolic injury. Neurobiol Dis. 2018 Feb 10. [Epub ahead of print]

Hanna J, Yucel Y, Zhou X, Mathieu E, Packzka-Giorgi L., Gupta N. Progressive Loss of Retinal Blood Vessels in a Live Model of Retinitis Pigmentosa.  Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology, December 13, 2017

Hill JA, Gedleh A, Lee S, Hougham KA, Dimaras H.Knowledge, experiences and attitudes concerning genetics among retinoblastoma survivors and parents. Eur J Hum Genet. 2018 Jan 29.  [Epub ahead of print]

Hillier RJ, Ojaimi E, Wong DT, Mak MY, Berger AR, Kohly RP, Kertes PJ, Farooghian F, Boyd S, ENg K, Altomare F, Giavedoni LR, Nisenbaum R, Muni RH. AQUEOUS HUMOR CYTOKINE LEVELS AS BIOMARKERS OF DISEASE SEVERITY IN DIABETIC MACULAR EDEMA.Retina. 2017 Apr;37(4):761-769.

Hirji N, Bradley PD, Li S, Vincent A, Pennesi ME, Thomas AS, Heon E, Bhan A, Mahroo OA, Robson A, Inglehearn CF, Moore AT, Michaelides M.  Jalili Syndrome: Cross-sectional and Longitudinal Features of Seven Patients with Cone-Rod Dystrophy and Amelogenesis Imperfecta. Am J Ophthalmol. 2018 Feb 5. [Epub ahead of print] No abstract available.

Holz FG, Tadayoni R, Beatty S, Berger AR (Co-PA) , Cereda MG, Hykin P, Hoyng CB, Wittrup-Jensen K, Altemark A, Nilsson J, Kim K, Sivaprasad S.  Determinants of visual acuity outcomes in eyes with Neovascular AMD treated with anti-VEGF agents: an instrumental variable analysis of the AURA study. Eye 31(1):166-166 January 2017

Hooper P, Boucher MC, Cruess A, Dawson KG, Delpero W, Greve M, Kozousek V, Lam WC, Maberley DAL. Expert from the Canadian Ophthalmological Society evidence-based clinical practice guidelines for the management of diabetic retinopathy. Can J Ophthalmol. 2017 Nov; 52 Suppl 1: S45-S74.

Hussain A, Oestreicher J. Clinical decision-making: heuristics and cognitive biases for the ophthalmologist. Surv Ophthalmol. 2018 Jan - Feb;63(1):119-124. Epub 2017 Aug 30. Review.

Hussain A, Wan M, DeAngelis D. Progressive optic nerve glioma: orbital biopsy technique using a surgical navigation system. Can J Ophthalmol. 2018 Feb;53(1):e18-e22. Epub 2017 Jun 27.

Iaboni, SMD, Seamone ME, Choudhry N, Gupta RR. Torpedo Maculopathy Presenting with Fovea Plana in a 21-year-old female. Journal of vitreoretinal diseases, Vol. 1(6) 424-427. 2017.

Ing EB, Bedi H, Hussain A, Zakrewski H, Ing R, Nijhawan N, Al-Sayyed A, Winn BJ. Meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials in dacryocystorhinostomy with and without silicone intubation
Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology. Published online: February 3, 2018

Ing EB, Ing R. The Use of a Nomogram to Visually Interpret a Logistic Regression Prediction Model for Giant Cell Arteritis. Neuro-Ophthalmology. Epub Feb 2018

Ing EB, Ing R, Liu X, Zhang A, Torun N, Sey M, Pagnoux C. Does herpes zoster predispose to giant cell arteritis: a geo-epidemiologic study. Clin Ophthalmol. 2018 Jan 11;12:113-118.  eCollection 2018.

Ing EB, Lahaie Luna G, Toren A, Ing R, Chen JJ, Arora N, Torun N, Jakpor OA, Fraser JA, Tyndel FJ, Sundaram AN, Liu X, Lam CT, Patel V, Weis E, Jordan D, Gilberg S, Pagnoux C, Ten Hove M. Multivariable prediction model for suspected giant cell arteritis: development and validation. Clin Ophthalmol 2017;11: 2031-2042

Ing E, Pagnoux C, Tyndel F, Sundaram A, Hershenfeld S, Ranalli P, Chow S, Le T, Lutchman C, Rutherford S, Lam K, Bedi H, Torun N. Lower ocular pulse amplitude with dynamic contour tonometry is associated with biopsy-proven giant cell arteritis. Can J Ophthalmo, Epub Dec 2017.

Iu LP, Lee R, Fan MC, Lam WC, Chang RT, Wong IY. Serial spectral-domain optical coherence tomography findings in Acute Retinal Pigment Epitheliitis and correlation to visual acuity. Ophthalmology. 2017 Jun; 124(6)903-909.

Jacobson D, Mireskandari K, Cohen E. An 11-Year-Old Boy With Vision Loss. JAMA Pediatr. 2017 Dec 1;171(12):1226-1227. No abstract available.

Kansal V, Schlenker M, Ahmed IIK. Interocular Axial Length and Corneal Power Differences as Predictors of Postoperative Refractive Outcomes after Cataract Surgery. Ophthalmology. 2018 Feb 16. [Epub ahead of print]
Khalili S, Shifrin Y, Pan J, Belik J, Mireskandari K. The effect of a single anti-Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor injection on neonatal growth and organ development: In-vivo study. Exp Eye Res. 2018 Jan 31;169:54-59. [Epub ahead of print]

Kisilevsky E, Kaplan A, Micieli J, McGowan M, Mackinnon D, Margolin E. Computed tomography only useful for selected patients presenting with primary eye complaints in the emergency department. Am J Emerg Med. 2018 Jan;36(1):162-164. Epub 2017 Jul 14.

Kraft SP. What did they know then—A journey among the giants of the past. The 48th Richard G. Scobee Memorial Lecture.  J Binoc Vis Ocular Motility 2018; 1: 1 – 11. published on-line Jan. 17, 2018

Kraft SP. Special forms of comitant exotropia. In: Lambert SR, Lyons CJ, eds. Paediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus, 5th ed. London: Elsevier Science, 2017: 818 - 826.

Kraft SP. Abnormal head postures in children. Paediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus, 5th ed. London: Elsevier Science, 2017, pp 992 - 995.

Lee EY, Emami S, Cho R, Ing E. Availability of FL-41 lens tint in Toronto and Vancouver. Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology Published online: February 16, 2018

Leung VC, Micieli JA, Margolin EA. Profound Vision Loss After a Traumatic Work Injury. JAMA Ophthalmol. 2017 Dec 1;135(12):1440-1441.

Leung VC, Pechlivanoglou P, Chew HF, Hatch W. Corneal Collagen Cross-Linking in the Management of Keratoconus in Canada: A Cost-Effectiveness Analysis.Ophthalmology. 2017 Aug;124(8):1108-1119. Epub 2017 Apr 27.

Mak MYK, Yan P, Park J, Joshi L, Warder D, Lee C, Gulamhusein H, Devenyi RG, Lam WC. Pain associated with a subconjunctival cefazolin-lidocaine mixture in retinal surgery: A randomized control trial. Ophthalmic Surg Laser Imaging Retina. 2017 Nov 1; 48(11): 881-886.

Margolin E, Lam CTY. Approach to a Patient with Diplopia in the Emergency Department. J Emerg Med. 2018 Feb 6. [Epub ahead of print]

Markowitz M, Daibert-Nido M, Markowitz SN. Rehabilitation of reading skills in patients with age-related macular degeneration. Can J Ophthalmol. 2018 Feb;53(1):3-8. Epub 2017 Dec 19. Review.

Markowitz M, Rankin M, Mongy M, Patino BE, Manusow J, Devenyi RG, Markowitz SN. Rehabilitation of lost functional vision with the Argus II retinal prosthesis. Can J Ophthalmol. 2018 Feb;53(1):14-22. Epub 2018 Jan 12.

McAlister CN, Marble AE, Murray TJ. The 1917 Halifax Explosion: the first coordinated local civilian medical response to disaster in Canada. Can J Surg. 2017 Dec;60(6):372-374.

Micieli JA, Newman NJ, Barrow DL, Biousse V. Intracranial Aneurysms of Neuro-Ophthalmologic Relevance. J Neuroophthalmol. 2017 Dec;37(4):421-439. Review.

Milán-Tomás Á, Shapiro CM. Circadian Rhythms Disturbances in Alzheimer Disease: Current Concepts, Diagnosis, and Management. Alzheimer Dis Assoc Disord. 2018 Jan 18. [Epub ahead of print]

Najem K, Derzko-Dzulynsky L, Margolin EA. IgG4-related disease presenting as panuveitis without scleral involvement. J Ophthalmic Inflamm Infect. 2017 Dec;7(1):7. Epub 2017 Feb 27. Review.

Nguyen MTB, Thakrar V, Chan CC. EyePrintPRO therapeutic scleral contact lens: indications and outcomes. Can J Ophthalmol. 2018 Feb;53(1):66-70. Epub 2017 Sep 28.

Nguyen QD, De Falco S, Behar-Cohen F, Lam WC, Li X, Reichhart N, Ricci F, Pluim J, Li WW. Placental growth factor and its potential role in diabetic retinopathy and other ocular neovascular diseases. Acta Ophthalmol. 2018 Feb;96(1):e1-e9. doi: 10.1111/aos.13325. Epub 2016 Nov 22. Review.

Ozturker ZK, Munro K, Gupta N. Optic disc hemorrhages in glaucoma and common clinical features. Can J Ophthalmol. 2017 Dec;52(6):583-591. Epub 2017 Jun 26.

Rai AS, Rai AS, Mavrikakis E, Lam WC. Teaching binocular indirect ophthalmoloscopy to novice residents using an augmented reality simulator. Can J Ophthalmol. 2017 Oct; 52(5):430-434.

Reijnders MRF, Janowski R, Alvi M, Self JE, van Essen TJ, Vreeburg M, Rouhl RPW, Stevens SJC, Stegmann APA, Schieving J, Pfundt R, van Dijk K, Smeets E, Stumpel CTRM, Bok LA, Cobben JM, Engelen M, Mansour S, Whiteford M, Chandler KE, Douzgou S, Cooper NS, Tan EC, Foo R, Lai AHM, Rankin J, Green A, Lönnqvist T, Isohanni P, Williams S, Ruhoy I, Carvalho KS, Dowling JJ, Lev DL, Sterbova K, Lassuthova P, Neupauerová J, Waugh JL, Keros S, Clayton-Smith J, Smithson SF, Brunner HG, van Hoeckel C, Anderson M, Clowes VE, Siu VM, Ddd Study T, Selber P, Leventer RJ, Nellaker C, Niessing D, Hunt D, Baralle D. PURA syndrome: clinical delineation and genotype-phenotype study in 32 individuals with review of published literature. J Med Genet. 2018 Feb;55(2):104-113. Epub 2017 Nov 2.

Richards MD, Goltz HC, Wong AMF. Optimal Audiovisual Integration in the Ventriloquism Effect But Pervasive Deficits in Unisensory Spatial Localization in Amblyopia. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2018 Jan 1;59(1):122-131.

Richards MD, Goltz HC, Wong AMF. Temporal Ventriloquism Reveals Intact Audiovisual Temporal Integration in Amblyopia. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2018 Feb 1;59(2):637-643.

Roelofs K, Shaikh F, Astle W, Gallie BL, Soliman SE. Incidental neuroblastoma with bilateral retinoblastoma: what are the chances? Ophthalmic Genet. 2018 Jan 16:1-4. [Epub ahead of print]

Scarr D, Lovblom LE, Lovshin JA, Boulet G, Farooqi MA, Orszag A, Weisman A, Cardinez N, Lytvyn Y, Ngo M, Keenan HA, Brent MH, Paul N, Bril V, Cherney DZI, Perkins BA. Lower corneal nerve fibre length identifies diabetic neuropathy in older adults with diabetes: results from the Canadian Study of Longevity in Type 1 Diabetes. Diabetologia. 2017 Dec;60(12):2529-2531. Epub 2017 Oct 3. No abstract available.

Schlenker MB, Gulamhusein H, Conrad-Hengerer I, Somers A, Lenzhofer M, Stalmans I, Reitsamer H, Hengerer FH, Ahmed IIK. Reply. Ophthalmology. 2018 Feb;125(2):e17-e18. No abstract available.

Soliman SE, D'Silva CN, Dimaras H, Dzneladze I, Chan H, Gallie BL.Clinical and genetic associations for carboplatin-related ototoxicity in children treated for retinoblastoma: A retrospective noncomparative single-institute experience. Pediatr Blood Cancer. 2018 Jan 19. [Epub ahead of print]

Soliman SE, Halliday W, Shaikh F, Chan H, Hèon E, Gallie BL. White orbital mass after enucleation for retinoblastoma: The power of illusion. Ophthalmic Genet. 2017 Dec;38(6):584-586. Epub 2017 Mar 17. No abstract available.

Sundaram ANE, Abhayambika A, Kumar S. Bilateral Compressive Optic Neuropathy from Renal Osteodystrophy Caused by Branchio-oto-renal Syndrome Stabilised After Parathyroidectomy. Neuroophthalmology. 2017 May 10;41(6):321-325.. eCollection 2017 Dec.

Taghdiri F, Chung J, Irwin S, Multani N, Tarazi A, Ebraheem A, Khodadadi M, Goswami R, Wennberg R, Mikulis D, Green R, Davis K, Tator C, Eizenman M, Tartaglia MC. Decreased Number of Self-Paced Saccades in Post-Concussion Syndrome Associated with Higher Symptom Burden and Reduced White Matter Integrity. J Neurotrauma. 2018 Feb 12. [Epub ahead of print]

Tam ALC, Yan P, Gan NY, Lam WC. The Current Surgical Management of Large, Recurrent, or Persistent Macular Holes. Retina. 2018 Jan 3. [Epub ahead of print]

Tam ALC, Côté E, Saldanha M, Lichtinger A, Slomovic AR. Bacterial Keratitis in Toronto: A 16-Year Review of the Microorganisms Isolated and the Resistance Patterns Observed. Cornea. 2017 Dec;36(12):1528-1534.

Tarita-Nistor L, González EG, Mandelcorn MS, Brent MH, Markowitz SN, Steinbach MJ. The reading accessibility index and quality of reading grid of patients with central vision loss. Ophthalmic Physiol Opt. 2018 Jan;38(1):88-97.

Tselios K, Lam WC, Urowitz MB, Gladman DD. Rituximab for sight-threatening Lupus-related retinal vasculitis. J Clinical Rheumatol. 2017 Oct 20.

Vincent A, AlAli A, MacDonald H, VandenHoven C, Héon E. Specific retinal phenotype in early IQCB1-related disease. Eye (Lond). 2017 Dec 8. [Epub ahead of print]

Wan MJ, Chiu H, Shah AS, Hunter DG. Long-term surgical outcomes for large-angle, infantile esotropia. Am J Ophthalmol. 2018 Feb 19.  [Epub ahead of print]

Wan MJ, Zapotocky M, Bouffet E, Bartels U, Kulkarni AV, Drake JM. Long-term visual outcomes of craniopharyngioma in children. J Neurooncol. 2018 Jan 17. [Epub ahead of print]

Weisman A, Lovblom LE, Keenan HA, Tinsley LJ, D'Eon S, Boulet G, Farooqi MA, Lovshin JA, Orszag A, Lytvyn Y, Brent MH, Paul N, Bril V, Cherney DZ, Perkins BA. Diabetes Care Disparities in Long-standing Type 1 Diabetes in Canada and the U.S.: A Cross-sectional Comparison. Diabetes Care. 2018 Jan;41(1):88-95. Epub 2017 Nov 8.

Wong NA, Rafique SA, Kelly KR, Moro SS, Gallie BL, Steeves JKE. Altered white matter structure in the visual system following early monocular enucleation. Hum Brain Mapp. 2018 Jan;39(1):133-144. Epub 2017 Sep 30.

Wu AY, Gervasio KA, Gergoudis KN, Wei C, Oestreicher JH, Harvey JT.Conservative therapy for chalazia: is it really effective? Acta Ophthalmol. 2018 Jan 16. [Epub ahead of print]

Zhang R, Wu Y, Xie F, Zhong Y, Wang Y, Xu M, Feng J, Charish J, Monnier PP, Qin X. RGMa mediates reactive astrogliosis and glial scar formation through TGFβ1/Smad2/3 signaling after stroke. Cell Death Differ. 2018 Feb 2. [Epub ahead of print]

Zhao J, Li Q, Wu S, Jin L, Ma X, Jin M, Wang Y, Gallie B. Pars Plana Vitrectomy and Endoresection of Refractory Intraocular Retinoblastoma. Ophthalmology. 2018 Feb;125(2):320-322. Epub 2017 Nov 16. No abstract available.

Zipori AB, Tehrani NN, Ali A. Retinal astrocytoma regression in tuberous sclerosis patients treated with everolimus. J AAPOS. 2017 Dec 19. pii: S1091-8531(17)30436-6. [Epub ahead of print]

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