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Volume 24, Number 1  |  January / February / March 2016

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Dr. Sherif El-Defrawy
Message from the Chair

Strategic Plan 2015-2020 and Conforming Hospital Practice Plans

Our strategic plan to take us to 2020 was released in December 2015.  This plan is a high level road map, providing a path to our specific goals as well as highlighting implementation priorities, outcomes and measures.  It addresses each of our academic domains, education, research, quality clinical practice, global health, partnership and public policy, while fully realizing the need to nurture our faculty and grow our infrastructure. 

The DOVS executive committee, while continuing to work through the usual daily issues, is now focussing on executing this plan according to the iterative process outlined in our document.   Vice Chairs will play a hands-on role in overseeing the activity in each of their domains.  We have already made much progress and have many projects well underway and some already completed. These will be reported fully at the Annual General City Wide Meeting on May 16, 2016.

The executive committee’s other focus has been on updating, enhancing and standardizing our hospital  practice plans.  Each of the five teaching hospital ophthalmology departments has a unique practice plan that levies its ophthalmologists and uses these funds to drive academic deliverables.  The practice plan is mandated by the Faculty of Medicine (FOM) and must conform to the Faculty’s requirements.  These plans were created many years ago, and their nature and content vary widely; they were in need of a revisit to ensure they conform to FOM specifications and are robust. 

A DOVS Practice Plan Committee was struck in 2014,  chaired by Dr. Ken Eng to address these disparities.  The committee included the practice plan Chair from each of the hospitals: SMH- Dr.  Alan Berger;  UHN-TWH-Dr. Mark Mandelcorn;  MSH-Dr. Nancy Tucker; HSC-Dr. Stephen Kraft; SHSC-Dr. Carol Schwartz;  and Kensington Eye Institute-Dr. Larissa Derzko-Dzulynsky.  The committee completed its work in January and Dr. Eng presented their recommendations to the executive committee later the same month.  This is a major step towards the creation of commonalities among the conforming practice plans.  Given their innate differences it is recognized that the creation of a unified practice plan would not be feasible.

My thanks go to Dr. Eng and the members of the Practice Plan Committee for  their important work  on this project on behalf of DOVS.  Each individual practice plan is now being revisited and will be strengthened by this update, guided by the recommendations contained in Dr. Eng's report.  We hope to accomplish the next steps of hospital revision, Deans Office review and hospital site implementation by the end of 2016.

Sherif El-Defrawy
Chair, Department of Ophthalmology & Vision Sciences
University of Toronto

Featured in this issue:


Residents' Report

Drs. Amandeep Rai & Kay Lam, PGY4

It's an exciting time for the ophthalmology resident body. We recently had our inaugural curling event and departmental book club! We're also excited to announce the new chief residents - Amandeep Rai and Kay Lam. 

We'd like to thank Dr. Hall Chew, Dr. John Lloyd, and the entire residency selection committee for their months of hard work. Our department had another successful match and we'd like to welcome our incoming PGY1 residents - Samuel Minaker, Amrit Rai, Lili Tong, Yelin Yang, and Bryon McKay.

Our residents have been quite busy - the PGY4s recently returned from the Wills Eye review course in Philadelphia. Cindy Lam, Patrick Yang, Ziad Butty and Dr. Matthew Bujak recently returned from the Philippines mission - we'd like to acknowledge their hard work and dedication. Finally, and most importantly, Nouf Al Farsi (PGY3) and her husband welcomed their daughter Noor, a healthy 7lb bundle of joy. 

ORBIS Hospital Based Program (Pediatric Cataract and Strabismus)

Feb 07-11, 2016
Mymensingh, Bangladesh
Dr. Alaa Alali, PGY 5
I was delighted when I received the news that I was selected as the resident who will join Dr. Asim Ali on ORBIS Pediatric Cataract and Strabismus mission to Mymensingh, Bangladesh.
Upon our arrival to Dhaka, we were greeted by the local ORBIS team who accompanied us throughout our time in Bangladesh. The team was extremely organized, very welcoming, and made us feel at all times that our comfort was their priority.
After our 3.5 hours drive from Dhaka to Mymensingh, we were warmly welcomed by the staff at Dr. K. Zaman BNSB Eye Hospital, Mymensingh. They gave us a tour around the hospital and the pediatric ophthalmology department, which was designed in a very child friendly manner. I have to say that every single staff person in the hospital was trying his/her best to make us feel at home. They prepared snacks and lunch for us daily and we all shared our meal together around a large dinning table. Their kind hospitality is one of the features that I will never forget.
We started the mission with screening of pre selected strabismus and pediatric cataract patients. With very basic work up we managed to screen 60 new patients in 1 day, from which the hands on local trainees picked the cases that they needed supervision and teaching with. The target was for the hands on local trainees to do surgeries on 12 eyes over 2.5 days, but with his excellent mentorship, teaching skills and expertise, Dr. Ali had operated on 18 eyes in 2.5 days. All areas of weakness of the local trainees were addressed and we could see how their confidence in operating has risen during our time there. Our typical OR day would start with seeing the post ops at 8.30 am, following by OR from 9 am - 4 pm, then lunch until 4.30 pm and from 4.30 - 5.30 pm we would give a lecture to the local staff. The topics included; complications of strabismus surgery, and pediatric IOL power calculations. The sessions were very interactive and the discussions generated were very educational. The keynote speaker seminar given by Dr Ali was exceptional. He showed surgical videos on cataract extraction in PHPV patient, cataract extraction in uveitic patient, iris suturing, goniotomy, trabeculotomy, and PKP. The audience included local ophthalmologists from all over the city, orthoptists, ophthalmic assistants, and residents. Everyone was eager to ask and learn from his expertise. The last day was mainly dedicated to lectures where we spoke about the work up and indications for surgery in patients with strabismus.
I have definitely learned a lot from this unforgettable experience, and would like to end by thanking the entire Department for giving the residents such an opportunity to participate in such eye opening missions!

Late in the winter, one of our esteemed surgical teachers, Dr. William Macrae, required cataract surgery himself.  After teaching residents cataract surgery for four decades, his only request was that a resident perform the surgery "skin to skin". Our 2 chief residents stepped up to this daunting task. Please see their recollections below:
Dr. Cindy Lam, PGY 5
A few months ago, I was asked to perform cataract surgery on an ophthalmologist who is considered a mentor to my current mentors, who my own teachers remember fondly as a predominant figure who taught them how to do eye surgery.  At 75 he is still seeing patients and is very much active and living life.  He believes in our medical training system so much that he asked specifically for a resident to perform his cataract surgery ("skin to skin" as we call a full case), which is almost unheard of in the medical profession.  My colleague and I were asked to do 1 eye surgery each.  I was incredibly honoured but puzzled and nervous, despite having performed 500 of these surgeries in my residency.  These thoughts stayed with me until I was in the chair operating, when it hit me that despite the buzz of excitement around me, the nerves and external distractions, my training had gotten to a point where none of that mattered, that my own teachers had imparted in me the skills and confidence to overcome this.  
They say surgery, especially microsurgery, is partly a mental game.  Under the microscope, you must master your mind and hands to a degree of microns.  The difference standing between us and a feared intraoperative complication, for example, is a structure that's 5 microns thick.  You lose focus, make a wrong move, and you risk blinding the patient.  Sitting in that chair, I realized that the skills we've gained in one of the best training programs is more than the ability to perform in every day circumstances, but to do just as well for the patient despite anything else that is going on.  Abilities that can be put to the test.  This is why he asked a resident to do his surgery, and this was what he was trying to impart to us.  So to the teachers who have gotten me to this stage, thank you.  And to my patient, thank you - you can count me as one of the pupils you've mentored.
Dr. Patrick Yang, PGY 5

Dr Macrae is a retired eye surgeon, and the mentor to my mentors. After teaching more than half of Toronto how to do cataract surgery in the previous generation, he is now retired. However he continues to give to educating the next generation of surgeons, and insisted that a resident surgeon performed his cataract surgery. I was given the honour today, and it was the most frightening and most rewarding experience of my professional career thus far. Today is my last day in the OR as a resident, and I'm glad to say my very last case as a trainee was a truly memorable one. Thank you Dr Macrae, your legacy, your kindness and your dedication to teaching will never be forgotten. 
Dr. William Macrae

"The goal of cataract surgery is the restoration of sight, and the gift of sight is a beautiful thing. Thanks to you all for that gift!"  Sincerely, Bill Macrae

Syrian Refugee Eye Clinic

March 9, 2016

As we are all aware, Canada has accepted a significant number of Syrian refugees recently and many are located in Toronto.  Dr. Ziad Butty recognized the difficulties these refugees face in accessing health care and organized a successful Syrian Refugee Eye Clinic at Kensington Eye Institute. Many of our residents will be involved in providing care for these new immigrants in the future.  Congratulations Ziad and all the residents.
Multilingual Eye Health Public Education Videos (MEHPEV)
MEHPEV videos is a recently launched project by Dr. Kathy Cao to provide multilingual eye health care education materials as a tool for ethnic communities and their health care practitioners.

With the expanding multicultural population in Canada, language barrier has become a major hindrance to healthcare access.  According to Statistics Canada (2012), almost 20% of the Canadian population reported speaking a language other than English and French at home.  Toronto, the largest multicultural city in Canada, has 1.8 million such residents.  With this trend of increasing ethnic diversity comes a priority need to provide multilingual materials for eye health care.  Public education materials are currently available only in our official languages of English and French.

Dr. Kathly Cao’s  project  addresses  this healthcare need for eye care.  The project proposes a series of multilingual eye health public education videos  (MEHPEV)in the top non-official languages spoken in Canada (Cantonese, Mandarin, Spanish, Urdu, Punjabi, Tamil, Persian (Farsi), Russian, Italian, Portuguese) as well as English and French. 

The MEHPEV videos will educate vunerable patients on topics such as  how to access eye care,  the importance and frequency of regular eye examinations, causes of blindness, early detection and treatment.

Dr. Cao’s  plans to fund  this project  by applying for sponsorship from a variety of agencies,  community groups and individual donations.

Honours and Awards

Dr. Rosa Braga-Mele received 2016 Award for Excellence in Community-Based Clinical Teaching (Office/Clinic)

March 22, 2016

We are delighted to announce that Dr. Rosa Braga-Mele is the recipient of the U of T Faculty of Medicine 2016 Award for Excellence in Community-Based Clinical Teaching!  This award recognizes excellence in teaching at a community-based physician at an office/clinic. The award will be presented at the Faculty's Annual Education Achievement Celebration on May 11, 2016.

Dr. Brian Ballios's abstract was chosen at AUPO/RPB Resident & Fellow Research Forum presentation
January 29, 2016

Dr. Brian Ballio's (one of our PGY1s) abstract "An Injectable Hydrogel Improves the Survival and Functioning Integration of Stem Cell Progeny Transplanted into Adult Retina" has won the AUPO/RPB Resident and Fellow Research Forum Award. The establishment of the AUPO/RPB Resident and Fellow Research Forum is an acknowledgement by AUPO of the importance of research in ophthalmic education.  The Forum is intended to encourage the most promising house officers to pursue a career in academic ophthalmology and vision research.

Retinal disease leads to permanent vision loss for which there is no regenerative treatment.  Dr. Ballio's pharmacologic approaches do not represent a biologically restorative approach to vision loss.  Cellular transplantation shows promise for replacing the light-sensitive photoreceptors responsible for vision; however, transplantation in retinal disease is limited by poor cellular distribution, survival and integration. Dr. Ballios was interested in addressing each of these barriers in order to improve transplant efficacy.  The research he presented at AUPO lies at the intersection of retinal neurobiology and applied science, as related to regenerative medicine.  His work led to the design of the first injectable biomaterial-based cell delivery vehicle to transplant adult stem cell progeny into the subretinal space.  Use of this biomaterial delivery system resulted in the highest levels of functional photoreceptor integration relative to previous reports in the literature.  With his background in engineering, and PhD in bioengineering and stem cell biology, he hopes to develop a translational research program as an ophthalmologist.  He plans to continue to explore applications of stem cells and biomaterial-based innovation in ocular cell therapy.

Upcoming Events

April / May / June 2016
April 14, 2016
VPP Retina
Dr. Athanasios Nicolakopoulos

April 16, 2016
U of T Continuing Professional Development
Practical Course - Ophthalmic Ultrasonography
Peter Gilgan Research and Learning Centre

April 21, 2016
Research Seminar Series
Dr. Robert Koenekoop / Dr. Helen Dimaras

May 5, 2016
TOS/UofT Combined Round
Dr. Richard Spaide

May 12, 2016
Quality Improvement Round
Drs. Nancy Epstein & Wendy Hatch

May 16, 2016
DOVS Annual General City Wide Meeting

May 27, 2016
DOVS Annual Research Day

June 10, 2016
U of T Continuing Professional Development
2016 Conference - Emergency Ophthalmology
Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute

June 24, 2016
DOVS Graduating Dinner
U of T Faculty Club

Full Upcoming Calendar and Events


Please READ & FOLLOW  the instructions below:

1.  Please go to then select “Research > Research Day Submission” to submit your abstract.  For technical support, please contact Make sure you read and follow the guidelines for the specific formats for your abstract. Abstracts will be accepted online through the website only and to ensure that Philip and Judy receives your abstract, please also email your abstracts to them in the same format, a word document.
Email’s SUBJECT should be: Abstract submission for Research Day 2016 - YOUR NAME:
** They will confirm your submission by emailing you back upon receiving your abstract. If you do not receive confirmation within one week, please email them **
We will NOT accept abstracts after Friday, April 8th, 2016 after 23:59 to be fair to those who submit on time. All submissions need to go through a judging process THEREFORE, THERE WILL BE NO EXCEPTIONS.
2. The word limit for the body of the abstract is 400 words. Any abstract that exceeds the word limit will not be accepted, so please double check!
3.  Please declare any financial or conflict of interests for ALL authors.
4.  There will be an abstract committee which will rank the abstracts. The top abstracts will be selected for oral presentation; the rest will be selected for poster presentation. Please work with your supervisor to make sure that your abstract is complete.
5.  The principle supervisor of the research project must be an active University of Toronto Faculty member.
6.  The prizes for different categories remain the same. They include:
  • Alumni Award for Best Resident Paper
  • John Gaby Prize for Best Clinical Fellow Paper
  • Best Medical Student Paper
  • Best VSRP/Masters/PhD student/Research Fellow/Student Paper
  • Best Poster Award
Practical Course

Ophthalmic Ultrasonography

April 16, 2016

Peter Gilgan Research and Learning Centre
686 Bay Street, Toronto, ON  M5G 0A4


About the Course Series

This full day didactic course series covers critical concepts to the understanding and performance of ophthalmic ultrasound. Topics include physics and principles of ophthalmic ultrasound, B-scan ultrasound methodology with emphasis on standardized probe positioning & labeling, techniques and indications for ultrasound biomicroscopy (UBM) and diagnostic Ascan, pediatric ultrasound techniques, recognition & identification of common disease processes & disorders of the globe and descriptive interpretation of ultrasound findings.

A one-hour instructor-guided workshop allows attendees to practice the scanning techniques and probe positioning taught throughout the day. Emphasis will be placed on the open eye exam and understanding how the probe position and scan direction relate to the area of globe being examined.

Course Director: Cynthia VandenHoven BAA, CRA

Details & Link to Registration:

2016 Conference

Emergency Ophthalmology

June 10, 2016

Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute

209 Victoria St
Toronto, Ontario

About the Course Series

In this course we will review the major emergencies that present to the ophthalmologist-on-call. This course is designed as a practical review, highlighting the most important clinical pearls and management options for both the comprehensive and sub-specialist ophthalmologist who cover call for ophthalmology in a hospital. We will present the course material in a novel way, by delivering TED-style talks, with the hope that the material will be retained more deeply and recalled more easily when managing ocular emergencies. We have an experienced line-up of speakers, all of whom will be coached to deliver high-level and engaging talks to meet the objectives of this course.

Course Directors

Radha P. Kohly MD, PhD, FRCSC
Edward Margolin MD, FRCSC, Dipl. ABO

Details & Link to Registration:

Recent Publications

Recent publications by DOVS Faculty, Staff, Residents and Fellows

December 2015 / January 2016 / February 2016

Al Ali A, Hallingham S, Buys YM.  Workforce supply of eye care providers in Canada: optometrists, ophthalmologists, and subspecialty ophthalmologists. Can J Ophthalmol. 2015 Dec;50(6):422-8.

Al-Jamal RT, Cassoux N, Desjardins L, Damato B, Konstantinidis L, Coupland SE, Heimann H, Petrovic A, Zografos L, Schalenbourg A, Velazquez-Martin JP, Krema H et al. The Pediatric Choroidal and Ciliary Body Melanoma Study: A Survey by the European Ophthalmic Oncology Group. Ophthalmology. 2016 Feb 4. [Epub ahead of print]

Assaad D, Wong D, Mikhail M, Tawfik S, Altomare F, Berger A, Chow D, Giavedoni L. Bacterial endophthalmitis: 10-year review of the culture and sensitivity patterns of bacterial isolates. Can J Ophthalmol. 2015 Dec;50(6):433-7.

Belliveau MJ, Jakubovic BD, Mahendira D, Jakubovic HR, Nijhawan N. Necrotizing Eyelid Inflammation Heralding Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis. Am J Med. 2016 Feb;129(2):e7-8. Epub 2015 Sep 25.

Belliveau MJ, Oestreicher JH. The classic tarsorrhaphy of Anton Elschnig: 100 years later. Orbit. 2016 Feb 23:1. [Epub ahead of print]

Belliveau MJ, Thorner PS, DeAngelis DD. Lateral Canthus Choristoma. Ophthal Plast Reconstr Surg. 2016 Jan-Feb;32(1):e24.

Berk TA, Yang PT, Chan CC. Prospective Comparative Analysis of 4 Different Intraocular Pressure Measurement Techniques and Their Effects on Pressure Readings. J Glaucoma. 2016 Feb 25. [Epub ahead of print]

Butty Z, Gopwani J, Mehta S, Margolin E. Horner's syndrome in patients admitted to the intensive care unit that have undergone central venous catheterization: a prospective study. Eye (Lond). 2016 Jan;30(1):31-3. Epub 2015 Sep 18.

Chau SA, Chung J, Herrmann N, Eizenman M, Lanctôt KL. Apathy and Attentional Biases in Alzheimer's Disease. J Alzheimers Dis. 2016 Feb 17. [Epub ahead of print]

Cheung CS, Ali A, Chew HF. Successful Treatment of Acute Ocular-Involving Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis Using Amniotic Membrane Suture Fixated to Custom Designed Symblepharon Rings. Cornea. 2016 Feb 9. [Epub ahead of print]

Cheng RW, Yusof F, Tsui E, Jong M, Duffin J, Flanagan JG, Fisher JA, Hudson C. Relationship between retinal blood flow and arterial oxygen. J Physiol. 2016 Feb 1;594(3):625-40. Epub 2015 Dec 30.

Choudhry N, Rao RC. Enhanced depth imaging features of a choroidal macrovessel. Retin Cases Brief Rep. 2016 Winter;10(1):18-21.

Elbaz U, Mireskandari K, Kirwan C, Ali A. Validation of Corneal Endothelial Specular Microscopy in Children Under General Anesthesia. JAMA Ophthalmol. 2015 Dec 1;133(12):1474-6. No abstract available.

Gonzalez-Rodriguez JM, Trope GE, Drori-Wagschal L, Jinapriya D, Buys YM. Comparison of trabeculectomy versus Ex-PRESS: 3-year follow-up. Br J Ophthalmol. 2015 Dec 16. [Epub ahead of print]

Hoeh H, Vold SD, Ahmed IK, Anton A, Rau M, Singh K, Chang DF, Shingleton BJ, Ianchulev T. Initial Clinical Experience With the CyPass Micro-Stent: Safety and Surgical Outcomes of a Novel Supraciliary Microstent. J Glaucoma. 2016 Jan;25(1):106-12.

Hynes MB, Bujak MC, Chérin E, Sade S, Foster FS. Design of a Subtarsal Ultrasonic Transducer for Mild Hyperthermia Treatment of Dry Eye Disease. Ultrasound Med Biol. 2016 Jan;42(1):232-42. Epub 2015 Oct 24.

Ilyas F, Singh H, Anand N, Ahmed II. Intraocular pressure rise in the course of peginterferon alpha-2a, ribavirin, and boceprevir therapy for hepatitis C. Can J Ophthalmol. 2015 Dec;50(6):e112-4. No abstract available.

Iovieno A, Yeung SN, Nahum Y, Teichman J, Lipari E, Busin M, Fontana L. Polarimetric Interferometry for Assessment of Corneal Stromal Lamellae Orientation. Cornea. 2016 Feb 9. [Epub ahead of print]

Isaac M, Tehrani N, Mireskandari K; Medscape. Involution patterns of retinopathy of prematurity after treatment with intravitreal bevacizumab: implications for follow-up. Eye (Lond). 2016 Feb 12.

Joshi R, Pankova N, Wang H, Baek DS, Zhao X, Reyad M, Boyd SR. pontaneously occurring fundus findings observed using confocal scanning laser ophthalmoscopy in wild type Sprague Dawley rats. egul Toxicol Pharmacol. 2016 Feb 9.

Lam C, Margolin E. A case of POEMS and chronic papilledema with preserved optic nerve function. Can J Ophthalmol. 2016 Feb;51(1):e8-e10.

Malik R, O'Leary N, Mikelberg FS, Balazsi AG, LeBlanc RP, Lesk MR, Nicolela MT, Trope GE, Chauhan BC; Canadian Glaucoma Study Group. Neuroretinal Rim Area Change in Glaucoma Patients With Visual Field Progression Endpoints and Intraocular Pressure Reduction. The Canadian Glaucoma Study: 4. Am J Ophthalmol. 2015 Dec 17. [Epub ahead of print]

Mansour AM, Ahmed II, Eadie B, Chelala E, Saade JS, Slade SG, Mearza AA, Parmar D, Ghabra M, Luk S, Kelly A, Kaufman SC. Iritis, glaucoma and corneal decompensation associated with BrightOcular cosmetic iris implant. Br J Ophthalmol. 2015 Dec 30.  [Epub ahead of print]

McKetton L, Williams J, Viviano JD, Yücel YH, Gupta N, Schneider KA. High-resolution Structural Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the Human Subcortex In Vivo and Postmortem. J Vis Exp. 2015 Dec 30;(106).

Mireskandari K, Schofield J, Cotesta M, Stephens D, Kraft SP. Achieving postoperative target range increases success of strabismus surgery in adults: a case for adjustable sutures? Br J Ophthalmol. 2015 Dec;99(12):1697-701. doi: 10.1136/bjophthalmol-2014-306258. Epub 2015 May 19.

Mollayeva T, Thurairajah P, Burton K, Mollayeva S, Shapiro CM, Colantonio A. The Pittsburgh sleep quality index as a screening tool for sleep dysfunction in clinical and non-clinical samples: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Sleep Med Rev. 2016 Feb;25:52-73.  Epub 2015 Feb 17. Review.

Mueller AS, González EG, McNorgan C, Steinbach MJ, Timney B. Effects of Vertical Direction and Aperture Size on the Perception of Visual Acceleration. Perception. 2016 Feb 6. [Epub ahead of print]

Navajas EV, Krema H, Hammoudi DS, Lipton JH, Simpson ER, Boyd S, Easterbrook M. Retinal toxicity of high-dose hydroxychloroquine in patients with chronic graft-versus-host disease. Can J Ophthalmol. 2015 Dec;50(6):442-50.

Richards MD, Wong A. Infantile nystagmus syndrome: clinical characteristics, current theories of pathogenesis, diagnosis, and management. Can J Ophthalmol. 2015 Dec;50(6):400-8.

Ringuette R, Atkins M, Lagali PS, Bassett EA, Campbell C, Mazerolle C, Mears AJ, Picketts DJ, Wallace VA. A notch-Gli2 axis sustains hedgehog responsiveness of neural progenitors and Müller glia. Dev Biol. 2016 Jan 12.  [Epub ahead of print]

Rose K, Kulasekara SI, Hudson C. Intervisit Repeatability of Retinal Blood Oximetry and Total Retinal Blood Flow Under Varying Systemic Blood Gas Oxygen Saturations. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2016 Jan 1;57(1):188-97.

Schott RK, Müller J, Yang CG, Bhattacharyya N, Chan N, Xu M, Morrow JM, Ghenu AH, Loew ER, Tropepe V, Chang BS. Evolutionary transformation of rod photoreceptors in the all-cone retina of a diurnal garter snake. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2016 Jan 12;113(2):356-61. Epub 2015 Dec 29.

Sharma A, Foster RS, Suh DW, Smith D, Kraft SP, Ali A. Idiopathic Enlargement of the Extraocular Muscles in Young Patients: A Case Series. Am J Ophthalmol. 2016 Jan;161:206-13. Epub 2015 Nov 14.

Shen C, Chan CC, Holland EJ. Limbal Stem Cell Transplantation for Soft Contact Lens Wear-Related Limbal Stem Cell Deficiency. Am J Ophthalmol. 2015 Dec;160(6):1142-1149.e1. Epub 2015 Aug 20.

Sheybani A, Arsham II. Author Response: Dimensional and Flow Properties of the EX-PRESS Glaucoma Drainage Device. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2015 Dec 1;56(13):8027. No abstract available.

Small KW, DeLuca AP, Whitmore SS, Rosenberg T, Silva-Garcia R, Udar N, Puech B, Garcia CA, Rice TA, Fishman GA, Héon E, Folk JC, Streb LM, Haas CM, Wiley LA, Scheetz TE, Fingert JH, Mullins RF, Tucker BA, Stone EM. North Carolina Macular Dystrophy Is Caused by Dysregulation of the Retinal Transcription Factor PRDM13. Ophthalmology. 2016 Jan;123(1):9-18. Epub 2015 Oct 24. 

Szigiato AA, Bujak M. Focal cross-linking: description of a novel technique for localizing collagen cross-linking. Can J Ophthalmol. 2016 Feb;51(1):e19-21.

Szigiato AA, Gilani F, Walsh MK, Mandelcorn ED, Muni RH. Induction of Macular Detachment for the Treatment of Persistent or Recurrent Idiopathic Macular Holes. Retina. 2016 Feb 9. [Epub ahead of print]

Szigiato AA, Trope GE, Jin Y, Buys YM. Same-Day Bilateral Glaucoma Laser Treatments in Ontario: 2000 to 2013. J Glaucoma. 2016 Jan 13. [Epub ahead of print]

Szigiato AA, Trope GE, Jin Y, Buys YM. Wait times and volume of cataract surgery in Ontario: 2000-2012. an J Ophthalmol. 2016 Feb;51(1):7-13.

Torisu K, Singh KK, Torisu T, Lovren F, Liu J, Pan Y, Quan A, Ramadan A, Al-Omran M, Pankova N, Boyd SR, Verma S, Finkel T. Intact endothelial autophagy is required to maintain vascular lipid homeostasis. Aging Cell.
2016 Feb;15(1):187-91. Epub 2015 Nov 24.

Yang Y, Christakis T, Mireskandari K. Acute conjunctivitis and corneal foreign bodies secondary to tarantula hairs. CMAJ. 2016 Feb 16;188(3):212-4.

Yoo P, Carlone D, Ren LY, Lam WC. Assessment of online health resources for ophthalmology patients with age-related macular degeneration or diabetic retinopathy. Can J Ophthalmol. 2016 Feb;51(1):e1-2.

Yucel YH, Gupta N. A framework to explore the visual brain in glaucoma with lessons from models and man. Exp Eye Res. 2015 Dec;141:171-8. Epub 2015 Jul 11.

Zalai D, Carney CE, Sherman M, Shapiro CM, McShane K. Fatigue in chronic hepatitis C infection: Understanding patients' experience from a cognitive-behavioural perspective. Br J Health Psychol. 2016 Feb;21(1):157-72. Epub 2015 Aug 6.

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