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Our goal is to facilitate the sharing of real-world experiences to generate solutions to the most pressing economic and environmental challenges facing the United States and China—the world’s largest economies, energy consumers, and emitters of carbon. Please read our Year in Review to learn about our work in 2015.

PUBLISHED

As the urgency to overhaul China’s economy builds, attention has increasingly focused on how to reform China’s state-owned enterprises. In a new Paulson Policy Memorandum, Columbia University's Curtis Milhaupt and University of Florida's Wentong Zheng argue that policy conditions, not just ownership, need to change.

Convened

China experts Bill Bishop, Gady Epstein, Jeremy Goldkorn, and Evan Osnos shared insights with Institute Vice Chair Evan Feigenbaum at Johns Hopkins’ School of Advanced International Studies in Washington, D.C. Key takeaways: The Communist Party comes first, even before economic reforms, and President Xi Jinping is strong. Watch videos here.

Hosted

Chinese mayors’ drive to hit new carbon emissions targets was evident at a forum on sustainable cities in China during the COP 21 climate conclave in Paris in December. The session with eight Chinese mayors, moderated by Senior Fellow Deborah Lehr, was part of the Climate Summit for Local Leaders convened by Bloomberg Philanthropies.

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Green Finance

Speaking at the Institute for International Finance G20 Conference in Shanghai in February, Paulson Institute Chairman Hank Paulson commended China for prioritizing green finance and urged the leadership to accelerate economic reforms. "China should let some...failing state-owned concerns actually fail," he said. On the Chinese currency, Paulson noted that "when speculative pressures...are to the down side, it is not in anyone's interest to have much currency volatility." Ultimately, he added, China has the capacity to avoid financial crisis: "Now, it is a matter of political will."


Conservation

As a convener of the China-South America Sustainable Soy Trade Platform project, the Paulson Institute led top Chinese soy industry representatives to Brazil in December to learn about soy production and its environmental impacts. The Chinese importers stressed commitment to sourcing soy that doesn’t contribute to deforestation—an important signal since China accounts for 73% of Brazil's soy exports. “We do not want our demand for soy to lead to deforestation in Brazil,” said Liu Denggao of the China Soybean Industry Association, who headed the delegation.


CEO Council for sustainable urbanization

Chinese and U.S. member company designates for the CEO Council met at Apple headquarters in Cupertino, CA, in January to discuss a number of collaborative initiatives and map out plans for the year. The Council is considering launching a building project that would be a sustainability model for China, incorporating cutting-edge clean technologies. Council members are also developing an initiative around best practices in green supply chains. After the meeting, the group visited Lawrence Berkeley National Labs, pictured above, to learn about renewable energy research.


Climate and Sustainable Urbanization

Following December's Paris climate negotiations, a key outstanding question is how to integrate renewable energy onto the grid. The Institute's Anders Hove looks at Zhangjiakou as a window on the challenges and opportunities for integrating renewables in China. The city, chosen as a demonstration site for renewable energy, is in the heavily industrialized Jing-Jin-Ji, region, where our CSU program is doing extensive research on industrial transformation. A delegation of mayors from Tianjin, also in the region, will join our Mayors Training Program for intensive sustainability training this summer.

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头条新闻 

中国和美国作为当今世界最大的经济体、能源消费国和碳排放国,同时面临着最紧迫的经济和环境挑战。保尔森基金会的目标是:协助两国共享实践经验,制定应对上述挑战的切实性解决方案。在过去一年中,我们围绕着这个宏伟目标,积极开展各项工作。

发表

中国亟需调整经济结构,国企改革日益成为关注焦点。在最近发表的保尔森政策备忘录中,哥伦比亚大学的柯提斯·J·米尔霍普和佛罗里达大学的郑文通认为,国企改革的重点不是所有制改革,而是体制改革。

会议

保尔森基金会在华盛顿特区约翰·霍普金斯大学高级国际研究学院主办主办“离华访谈”专题讨论会,中国问题专家利明璋、艾远征、金玉米和欧逸文与保尔森基金会副主席方艾文畅谈了各自的观点和看法。讨论会得出的主要结论是:在中国,党领导一切,地位甚至高于经济改革,习近平主席是一位强有力的领导人。请点击观看访谈视频。

活动

2015年12月,在巴黎举行的“城市领袖气候峰会”上,保尔森基金会高级顾问戴青丽担任主持嘉宾,主持了由八名中国市级领导参加的“未来城市:创新与中国的可持续城镇化”研讨会,他们的发言充分表明中国市级领导正积极实现新的碳减排目标。“城市领袖气候峰会”由彭博基金会主持召开。

  项目最新情况


绿色金融

在2016年2月于上海召开的国际金融协会G20会议上,保尔森基金会主席亨利·保尔森发表讲话,赞扬中国把绿色金融列为二十国集团的新重点,呼吁中国领导人加快经济改革。他表示,“中国应该让部分…亏损国企真正破产”。在人民币汇率问题上,保尔森指出,“在做空压力下…,汇率波动过大不符合任何人的利益”。他相信,中国能够避免金融危机,“现在需要的就是政治决心”。


生态保护

作为“中国——南美可持续大豆贸易平台”项目的发起者,保尔森基金会在2015年12月牵头组织中国主要大豆进口商赴巴西考察,了解大豆生产以及对环境的影响。代表团成员表示,支持巴西政府保护自然生态的政策,中国加工企业将拒绝采购巴西政府列入黑名单的农场生产的大豆。中国市场占巴西大豆出口的73%,中国进口商的表态发出了重要的市场信号。中国大豆产业协会常务副会长刘登高说,中国和巴西是天然的合作伙伴,中国希望加深两国间的经贸关系,中国大豆企业赴巴西考察,进一步了解当地大豆生产和出口情况,这也是自然而然的事。


可持续城镇化CEO理事会

2016年1月,可持续城镇化CEO理事会的中美成员企业在美国加州库比蒂诺的苹果公司总部举行会议,讨论了多项合作倡议。理事会拟开展一个采用先进清洁技术的建筑试点项目,成为中国的可持续发展典范。此外,理事会成员还围绕绿色供应链的最佳管理实践,讨论拟定了相关行动。会议结束后,理事会成员参观了劳伦斯伯克利国家实验室(见上图),了解可再生能源研究工作。


气候与可持续城镇化

去年12月的巴黎气候峰会闭幕后,实现可再生能源并网发电成为突出的重要问题。保尔森基金会研究部主任侯安德以张家口为例,探讨了中国可再生能源并网发电所面临的挑战和机遇。张家口位于工业密集的京津冀地区,被列为可再生能源并网的试点城市。京津冀地区的行业转型是保尔森基金会气候与可持续城镇化项目组的主要研究项目之一。此外,同处京津冀的另一个城市,天津市的部分市级领导将参加我们在今天夏天举办的“可持续城镇化高级研究班”,通过密集的培训课程,学习并了解可持续发展理念和实践。

"只有美中两国以互补的方式携手合作才能解决当前最紧迫的全球性挑战”
- 亨利∙保尔森
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