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The Paulson Institute's CEO Council for Sustainable Urbanization met in Beijing on Nov. 12 after its first year of collaboration. The Council, which welcomed new members Tim Cook (Apple) and Wang Shi (Vanke), has launched a sustainable building project and worked on building codes and power sector reform.

Commented

The eyes of the global climate community are on Paris, as international leaders are striving to negotiate a multi-party agreement that will help the planet avoid the worst climate outcomes. But our best hope for fighting climate change is if just two countries, the U.S. and China—the world's largest economies and biggest carbon emitters—work together on this issue, writes Institute Chairman Hank Paulson. "It seems to me that on climate change, China means business—at least for now."

PUBLISHED

A new Paulson Institute report, China’s Next Opportunity: Sustainable Economic Transition, focuses on the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region (or Jing-Jin-Ji), making the case that this region—one of the country's fastest-growing urban areas, and one of its most important industrial zones—has the potential to dramatically reduce emissions and lead the way for China’s nationwide transformation toward a more sustainable, low-carbon economic model.

Released

In partnership with Chinese scientists, the Institute released the Coastal Wetland Conservation Blueprint, which maps the endangered wetlands' biodiversity and continuing degradation, while recommending policies to enhance conservation and restoration of the critical ecosystems. The report, the culmination of 18 months of research, points out that coastal wetlands are the most threatened but least protected among all types of ecosystems in China.

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CLIMATE & SUSTAINABLE URBANIZATION

The Institute awarded the 2015 Prize for Cities of the Future to the Anheng Group’s Sustainable City Water Supply Network Leakage Control Solution. The Anheng project utilizes cloud and big data technology to manage water leakage control in urban pipeline infrastructure in China, where the annual water deficit is over 50 billion cubic meters. Prize Jury Committee Chairman Richard M. Daley presented the award to Beijing Vice Mayor Lin Keqing at a ceremony held at the Diaoyutai State Guesthouse in Beijing. "As Chinese cities expand, Anheng's technology platform will play a key role in water conservation and infrastructure management, helping cities better serve their citizens," Daley said.


Think Tank

China's so-called floating population is no longer floating the way it once was. Many of China's 253 million "migrant workers," in fact, have settled permanently in cities, highlighting the need for an overhaul of the household registration system, writes Nankai University economist Xinping Guan in a new Paulson Policy Memorandum. Using a seven-city survey of China’s non-registered population, Guan finds it is largely comprised of millennials, nearly 20% of whom are college graduates. The lack of local residency registration and entitlement to certain services, Guan concludes, is not the result of migrants’ own unwillingness to obtain them but rather of local governments’ unwillingness to provide them.


Conservation

The Institute held conferences in Beijing and Fujian province, focusing on the establishment of a system of national parks in China, as part of a partnership with the National Development and Reform Commission. The workshop in Wuyishan, Fujian, whose mountain forests possess the richest biodiversity in Southeast China, was attended by Fujian's deputy governor and top international and Chinese experts. China has thousands of protected nature areas, covering about 18% of China’s total land territory. But due to poorly coordinated and overlapping management authority and inadequate laws, the areas are not sufficiently safeguarding China’s rich and unique biodiversity and critical ecosystems. 


Contemporary China Speakers Series

The Institute hosted Princeton University professor and former U.S. State Department official Tom Christensen as part of its lecture and discussion series on contemporary China. Christensen pointed out that many people see China as a rival superpower to the United States and imagine the country’s rise to be a threat to U.S. leadership in Asia and beyond. Referencing his recent book, The China Challenge, Christensen argued against this zero-sum vision. Instead, he described a new paradigm in which the real challenge lies in dissuading China from regional aggression while encouraging the country to contribute to the global order. Our next speaker will be Gady Epstein, former Beijing bureau chief of The Economist.

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  专题更新

头条新闻 

经过成立第一年的携手合作,保尔森基金会发起的可持续城镇化CEO理事会于11月12日召开会议。理事会向蒂姆·库克(苹果公司CEO)和王石(万科集团CEO)这两位新成员表示欢迎,启动了可持续建筑项目,并继续推进建筑标准和电力行业改革方面的工作。

评论

全球关注气候变化问题的人士现在都把目光投向了巴黎,各国领导人正在这里积极协商多方协议,尽量使我们生存的这个星球免遭最严峻的气候变化恶果。不过,谈到应对气候变化,我们寄希望于中国和美国。身为全球两个最大经济体和最大碳排放国,中美两国如果能够携手合作,就能在这个问题上发挥领导作用。保尔森基金会主席亨利·保尔森表示, “我认为中国在气候变化问题上的态度是认真的,至少目前是这样。”

出版

保尔森基金会最新发布《中国的新机遇:可持续的经济转型》报告。报告重点关注京津冀地区,这里不但是中国增长最快的城市地区,也是中国最重要的工业区之一。报告据此提出,京津冀地区有望实现大幅度减排,在全国迈向低碳经济模式的可持续经济转型中发挥带头作用。

发布

保尔森基金会与中方科研机构合作,召开“中国滨海湿地保护管理战略研究项目”成果发布会。研究人员历时18个月,调查了濒危湿地的生物多样性和持续退化情况,同时建议制定相关政策,加强保护和恢复这些重要的生态系统。研究报告指出,在中国所有类型的生态系统中,沿海湿地受到的威胁最严重,但保护力度却最小。

  项目最新情况


气候变化和可持续城镇化

保尔森基金会将2015年“可持续发展规划项目奖”授予安恒集团的可持续中国城市供水管网综合漏损控制解决方案项目。中国每年缺水500多亿立方米,安恒项目可以利用云计算和大数据技术来管理城市供水管网,控制漏损。评委会主席理查德·戴利在北京钓鱼台国宾馆举行的颁奖典礼上为项目代表、北京市副市长林克庆颁奖。戴利说,“随着中国城市的不断扩张,安恒的技术方案将在节水和基础设施管理方面发挥重要作用,有助于城市更好地为居民提供服务”。


智库

在保尔森基金会新发布的政策备忘录中,南开大学经济学家关信平认为,中国的所谓“流动人口”不再像以前那样具有“流动性”。事实上,在中国的2.53亿“外来务工人员”中,有许多人已经在城市永久定居,因此有必要对户籍制度进行全面改革。通过对中国七城市非户籍人口的调查,关信平发现其中基本上以80后为主体,近20%的人具有大学本科以上学历。关信平的结论是,外来人口没有获得居住地的户口,也无权享有某些服务,并不是因为他们本身不愿意要,而是由于地方政府不给他们落户。


生态保护 

保尔森基金会与国家发展和改革委员会合作,分别在北京和福建举行会议,福建省副省长和众多中外知名专家出席了研讨会,重点探讨中国的国家公园体制建设。福建省武夷山的山地森林是中国东南部生物多样性最丰富的地区。中国有数千个自然保护地,总面积约占中国陆地国土面积的18%。然而,由于协调不力、管理权限盘根错节,以及法律法规不健全等原因,这些保护地未能充分保护中国丰富且独特的生物多样性和重要的生态系统。


当代中国演讲人系列

保尔森基金会邀请普林斯顿大学教授、前美国国务院官员柯庆生(Tom Christensen)参加有关当代中国议题的系列演讲和讨论活动。柯庆生指出,很多人认为中国是一个与美国竞争的超级大国,而且臆断中国的崛起会对美国在亚洲及其他地区的领导地位构成威胁。柯庆生引用他的新作《中国挑战》(The China Challenge)一书,驳斥了这种“零和游戏”的臆想。相反,他描述了一种新的模式,真正的挑战在于劝阻中国不要进行地区侵略,同时鼓励中国为全球秩序做出贡献。我们下一次活动的演讲者是前《经济学人》北京分社社长艾远征(Gady Epstein)。

"只有美中两国以互补的方式携手合作才能解决当前最紧迫的全球性挑战”
- 亨利∙保尔森
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