Issue 5 – Pipiri 2015

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Dr Arapata Hakiwai

Ngā Kōrero

Matariki Festival at Te Papa

Gallipoli: The scale of our war – curator Puawai Cairns on the Maori Contingent

Whales | Tohorā exhibition tour attracts 2 million visitors

Ngā Toi | Arts Te Papa

Kuia Mau Moko touring exhibition

Te Papa and the Alexander Turnbull Library help preserve Wairarapa's treasures

Celebrate Matariki with your tamariki!

Feather identification at Te Manawa museum


Message from the Kaihautū

Tīrama ana mai ngā whetū o te ata, ko Puanga kai runga, ko Takurua kai runga, koia ko Matariki e tīaho iho nei. E hika mā, kua takitahi ngā whetū o Matariki, ka hoki mahara ki ngā mate o te Motu, e kui mā, e koro mā moe mai rā. Tāpiri atu ki tēnā, koinei te tau e hoki mahara atu ai tātau ki a rātau mā i tae atu ki te pae o te riri, ki Karipori, ki hea noa, ki hea noa. E kore rawa rātau e warewaretia.

Kai ngā kaiurungi o ngā mātā waka o te Motu, tēnā koutou katoa. Since we published our last issue of Te Auahi Tūroa, there has been a lot of activity and mahi at Te Papa. We farewelled our former Chief Executive Mike Houlihan, and in November 2014 we welcomed Rick Ellis as our new CE. Rick comes with extensive experience – many will remember that he was the CE of Television New Zealand from 2006 to 2011.

Last year in October we farewelled one of our great scholars and arts advocates, Dr Jonathan Mane-Wheoki. Jonathan played a pivotal and guiding role in the strategy for art at Te Papa over many years, and he will be sadly missed.

I also want to acknowledge the passing of other great Māori leaders who had a relationship with our national museum. Dr Apirana Mahuika played a leading role in the creation of Te Papa. For many years he was the chairman of the Māori advisory group and on the board of Te Papa. Tama Huata was the key organiser of the New Zealand Post Kaumātua Kapa Haka at Te Papa, and Erima Henare and Mauriora Kingi supported many kaupapa that Te Papa organised over the years. Without these great leaders, Te Papa would not have been able to do what it has done. E kore e taea te korero whakamihi atu ki a koutou katoa.

Relationships continue to be vitally important in Te Papa’s work. There have been many kaupapa over the last year that we have been so privileged to be part of. The Matariki celebrations (Thu 18 Jun – Sun 5 Jul this year) continue to involve young and old celebrating the richness of Māori art, culture, and identity. Hosting the 31st Sir Apirana Ngata Memorial Lecture in September 2014, in conjunction with Ngāti Porou ki Pōneke, was an honour. This kaupapa is rarely hosted outside of the tribal region of Ngāti Porou.

During this lecture series, we also signed the Treaty Settlement Letter of Commitment with Te Rūnanganui o Ngāti Porou. The Treaty settlements process is important to Te Papa, and we continue to progress discussions with over 30 iwi with regard to their cultural heritage aspirations.

Finally, as Kaihautū I am excited about Te Papa’s future and the renewal of all the permanent exhibitions over the next 6 or so years. This will involve working with iwi and organisations to present perspectives and kōrero on our Māori world and what’s important in it. Other strategic priorities include deepening our iwi relationships and engaging more in the digital world. These are exciting kaupapa, and I look forward to working with you all.

Mauriora ki a koutou katoa,
Dr Arapata Hakiwai

Matariki Festival at Te Papa

The Matariki Festival at Te Papa begins today and features a stellar line-up of events spanning three weeks.

The theme of this year’s festival is ‘He rau tangata, he kōingo aroha – people gather and affirm love in myriad ways’. It gives us an opportunity to reflect on the many ways love can be expressed.

Each weekend over the festival has a special focus:

  • 20-21 June: Soul Clap Weekend – kick off Matariki with a weekend dedicated to rangatahi and home-grown hip-hop.
  • 27-28 June: Ngāti Toa Rangatira Whānau Weekend – join our iwi in residence for an action-packed weekend of entertainment, workshops, and activities for the whole whānau.
  • 4-5 July: New Zealand Post Kaumātua Kapa Haka Weekend – join us to commemorate the 100th anniversary of the Maori Contingent landing at Anzac Cove, Gallipoli. Our celebration of haka and waiata is presented by senior performing artists from around Aotearoa.

We have collaborated with Ngāti Toa to develop a range of videos and a slideshow that reflect this year’s Matariki theme. The taonga featured in the slideshow come from both Te Papa’s collection and Ngāti Toa whānau. There is a fascinating video about rongoā (Māori medicine) and a moving mōteatea told through sand art.

Matariki videos and slideshow
Matariki Festival at Te Papa

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Gallipoli: The scale of our war – curator Puawai Cairns on the Maori Contingent

For the last two and a half years, I have had the privilege of working as the Māori curator on the exhibition Gallipoli: The scale of our war, researching the stories of Te Ope Tuatahi, the 1st Maori Contingent. Gallipoli is Te Papa’s major contribution, in collaboration with Weta Workshop, to New Zealand’s commemorations of the World War I centenary.

A key aim of my work was to ensure that the exhibition revealed the role that Māori soldiers played, their fears and feats, and the heavy price they paid alongside their fellow Anzacs.

Te Ope Tuatahi were the first Māori volunteers to participate in World War I. Nearly 500 men from all over Aotearoa signed up for service and left the country aboard the troopship Warrimoo on Valentine’s Day 1915. They were originally intended for garrison duties such as road building and trench digging. After a delayed stay on Malta, they eventually landed on the shores of Anzac Cove on Gallipoli at 1 am on 4 July 1915.

Gallipoli tells the stories of remarkable men such as Captain Peter Buck Te Rangi Hīroa, (Ngāti Mūtunga), Padre Henare Te Wainohu (Ngāti Kahungunu, Ngāti Pahauwera), Private Hone Tahitahi (Te Aupōuri), Private Rikihana Carkeek (Ngāti Raukawa), and Corporal Friday Hawkins (Ngāti Kahungunu). The exhibition includes moving firsthand accounts and wonderful objects that provide insight into what the soldiers of the 1st Maori Contingent went through.

Please come and visit this free exhibition on Level 2. Closes 2018.

Watch Building Gallipoli episode 3 – the 1st Maori Contingent 
Gallipoli: The scale of our war exhibition 
WW100 website – centennial commemorations in Aotearoa
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Whales | Tohorā exhibition tour attracts 2 million visitors 

This Te Papa exhibition was visited by its 2 millionth visitor in 2014. It has travelled to 12 museums and institutions in the United States and Canada since it began its extraordinary journey in 2008.

This is truly a success story for Te Papa. It seems that much of its appeal lies in the way it connects our people to these fascinating creatures. Tere tohorā, tere tangata – where whales journey, people follow.

The exhibition is currently on display at the California Academy of Sciences in San Francisco. The next journey of the tohorā is to the San Diego Natural History Museum in 2016.

Whales | Tohorā touring exhibition 
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Ngā Toi | Arts Te Papa 

There are three exhibitions in Ngā Toi | Arts Te Papa that might be of interest to iwi.

Up Front: Remembering the Maori Battalion commemorates the New Zealand (Maori) Pioneer Battalion’s role in World War I. It also supports Te Papa’s exhibition Gallipoli: The scale of our war. The four large photographs of artificial flowers are by contemporary Māori artist Michael Parekowhai. Each is named after a battlefield in France or Belgium that the Maori Battalion fought on, and acknowledges the soldiers who lost their lives and were not brought home. Ends 30 June.

Two Artists: Emily Karaka and Shona Rapira Davies celebrates the work of two senior Māori women artists who rose to prominence in the 1980s. The exhibition showcases their individual work and style, and highlights their significance as two of the first Māori women artists to have a presence within the contemporary New Zealand art world.

Te Ao Hou, an exhibition about modern Māori art, is focusing this season on ka tuhituhi o nehera – South Island Māori rock art. It explores the influence this ancient art form had on artists in the 1950s and 60s, including Theo Schoon, Selwyn Muru, Gordon Walters, and Dennis Knight Turner.

Ngā Toi | Arts Te Papa – On the Wall website
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Kuia Mau Moko touring exhibition 

Kuia Mau Moko is an exhibition of 29 black and white photographs of Māori kuia who bore the indelible legacy of moko kauae. For the first time ever, they will tour North Island museums, starting in July with Tairawhiti Museum, Gisborne, in July, and then Aratoi in Masterton, Rotorua Museum, Waikato Museum in Hamilton, and Puke Ariki in New Plymouth. 

Photographer Marti Friedlander took these images in the late 1960s and early 1970s. At that time, it was believed that the sun was setting on this ancient tradition. The photographs featured in the late historian Michael King’s extraordinary 1972 publication Moko: Maori tattooing in the 20th century. King and Friedlander’s journey into heartland Aotearoa uncovered a generation of kuia who, in the 1920s, were the last to receive moko kauae in an unbroken tradition.

The kuia are photographed in their natural environment – in their homes and gardens or on their marae. Each has a story of resilience and loss, as well as sorrow for a way of life that was fast slipping away. Yet within two decades, moko kauae would begin a quiet revival that eventually saw hundreds of Māori women proudly bearing the moko of their ancestors and reconnecting the past with the future.

These prints form part of a gift to Te Papa in 2009 from the Gerrard and Marti Friedlander Charitable Trust of over 70 original photographs from King and Friedlander’s collaboration. In keeping with a promise made to the kuia, a condition of the gift is that the photographs be shared with the nation. 
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Te Papa and the Alexander Turnbull Library help preserve Wairarapa’s treasures 

Feathered cloaks, historic photographs, and treasured books of family history were brought out of their homes so experts from Te Papa and the Alexander Turnbull Library could show local people how to store and care for their taonga.

Rongomai Te Whaiti from Ngāti Kahungunu ki Wairarapa invited the experts to Masterton to work with objects, including a wide range of cloaks. These were assessed by textile conservator Rangi Te Kanawa, who then showed the kaitiaki of the cloaks how to package and store the fragile treasures. Folding textiles can result in damage as the fibres age. Rangi demonstrated how cloaks can be rolled onto specially prepared tubes and put into custom-made boxes to stop the feathers being crushed.

A spectacular feather kākahu was brought along by Edward Beetham. It had been gifted to the Beetham family, who founded Brancepeth Station in 1856. The kiwi feather cloak is edged in bright orange kākā feathers and dotted with the distinctive green feathers of the kākāpō. It still bears the historic label ‘BEETHAM’.
Te Papa workshop organiser Gavin Reedy said the kākahu showed the strong relationship of Māori and Pākehā in the Wairarapa region that went back many generations. He noted that ‘These taonga are an enduring link for generations. They speak to us of the past and the people connected to them.’ 

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Celebrate Matariki with your tamariki! 

Te Papa's annual Matariki Education Resources offer a range of content and practical activities for tamariki of early childhood and primary school age. The 2015 resource series is based around the kaupapa of whānau. It has been drawn from the theme for this year’s Matariki festival: ‘He rau tangata, he kōingo aroha – people gather and affirm love in myriad ways’.

The resource series introduces Matariki and her six daughters, focusing on the work they will undertake this year with their tūpuna wahine, Papatūānuku. We are reminded that each member of our own whānau plays their special part. Sharing in and appreciating the wisdom and skills of our family members, especially our elders, can help us to shape what we do for the world.

Matariki 2015 Educational Resources blog – part 1 
Matariki 2015 Educational Resources blog – part 2

The 2014 resource is still available, with a wealth of information and activities relating to kaitiakitanga.
2014 Matariki Education Resource (PDF, 1.42MB) 
Tangohia tēnei rauemi reo Māori nō te tau 2012, ko te mātauranga te kaupapa.
Matariki: He Rauemi Ako (PDF, 1.91MB) 
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Feather identification at Te Manawa museum 

National Services Te Paerangi and Te Manawa museum recently collaborated to provide a feather identification workshop, led by Te Papa’s Bicultural Science Researcher, Hokimate Harwood. It was for those working directly with kahu huruhuru, whether in museum or community collections, or in the care of whānau, iwi or hapū.

Participants learned about the science behind identifying feathers, the materials used in weaving, and the versatile use of native and introduced species. They also discovered the hidden signatures of weavers in kākahu.

Read more about the workshop – NZMuseums blog 

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A request for feedback

Please tell us how you like to read your Te Auahi Tūroa Issue.  Do you print it out? Read it with a kapu tī or on the pahi ride home?  Let us know and help us improve our newsletters.  
Email Haley Hakaraia
Image captions and credits
1. Rātana Pakeke. Photograph by Norm Heke. Te Papa
2. Images taken from Auckland Weekly News supplement, 1915.
3. Raita Holes at the arm of a model of her father, Rikihana Carkeek, in the Gallipoli exhibition. Photograph by Norm Heke. Te Papa
4. Pōwhiri at the opening of the Gallipoli exhibition. Photograph by Norm Heke. Te Papa
5. Entrance to Whales: Giants of the Deep at Denver Museum of Nature and Science, 2014. Courtesy of Denver Museum of Nature and Science
6. Michael Parekowhai, Ngā Ariki, Ngāti Whakarongo, Armentieres, from the series ‘The consolation of philosophy: Piko nei te matenga’, 2001, colour photograph, type C print. Te Papa (O.027175)
7.Marti Friedlander, Herepo Rongo, from the series 'The Moko Suite', about 1971, gelatin silver print. Gift of the Gerrard and Marti Friedlander Charitable Trust, 2009. Te Papa (O.033713)
8. Textile conservator Rangi Te Kanawa assesses a kākahu for kaumātua Haami Te Whaiti. 
9. A kiwi feather cloak gifted to the Beetham family, owners of Brancepeth Station.
10. Matariki storyboard by Rebecca Browne. Photograph by Rebecca Browne. Te Papa
11. Feather identification workshop at Te Manawa. Photograph by Shaia Twomey
Copyright © 2015 Te Papa Iwi Relations, All rights reserved.

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