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President's Address
The Editor's Blog
State Branch Meetings
AITPM National Conference
E-Scooters
Transport Mutual Credit Union
Worth A Read
Traffic Engineering
Response to Traffic Engineering
AITPM News
Quirky News
Sponsors & Advertising
> PRESIDENT'S MESSAGE 
A BRIGHT NEW YEAR AHEAD
Happy new year to all AITPM members. 

Already we have seen a hive of activity as we prepare for another constructive year.  With the help of all our volunteers, who’s passion and commitment continues to receive high praise from within and outside the Institute, I know we will deliver a stronger industry. 

The National Board and State Branches are proud to lead and represent AITPM.  As always, we are looking to hear from members and the broader industry on what we should be doing and how we can continue to increase the value of our services. 
VICTORIAN ROAD TOLL LOWEST ON RECORD

How pleasing it was to see that the Victorian road toll was the lowest on record when “only” 214 people died on the roads in 2018, which was 45 fewer than in 2017 and 29 fewer than the previous record low of 243 in 2013.

Data released by the Transport Accident Commission shows that 108 people lost their lives on Victoria’s regional roads in 2018, 47 fewer than in 2017 and 29 less than the previous record low of 138 in 2008.

Transport Accident Commission road safety manager Samantha Cockfield was reported as saying that it was the installation of more than 1500 kilometres of wire-rope safety barriers on high-traffic and high-risk rural roads in recent years that was the main factor in this decline. “The barriers have been hit over 3000 times this year,” she said.

Wire-rope safety barriers have not been without their critics.  It is a harsh fact, however, that traffic engineers have to face all the time, that while there may be anecdotal concepts (the pub test?) about why a safety measure may not suit a particular situation, such as motorcyclists sliding into wire ropes, the reality is that we have to use funds in a proven manner.

NATIONAL CONFERENCE

By the time you receive this newsletter, potential authors should have received an initial response to their submission of their abstracts.  We have had a good response and we are building up to another stellar event.  More information about the conference is on our web site.

AUTONOMOUS VEHICLES AND TRAFFIC ENGINEERING

AITPM Fellow, Alan Finlay has made a big effort to document situations where autonomous vehicles are going to have trouble “reading” the situation by looking at many locations in the city area.  His report (with plenty of pictures) is in the newsletter.  AITPM member Graeme Pattison has written an alternative view also printed below.

This adds an additional dimension to the paper presented at our 2018 National Conference on the infrastructure needed to support autonomous vehicles.

I encourage AITPM members to consider these issues and make their opinions known. I intend to ensure that the work by Alan and others is taken to the car companies as a way of establishing some constructive dialogue.

FREE PUBLIC TRANSPORT - SOUNDS GOOD BUT WHAT DOES THE ANALYSIS SAY?

AITPM member David Sulejic from Queensland, sent in a link to an article from The Conversation that puts some perspective on offering free public transport. The article from the University of Luxembourg looks broadly at issues of the state of the transport system, the desire for economic growth, the cost of subsidies and whether free public transport is a method of wealth distribution.

I particularly like their conclusion, not just because of its inference on this particular issue but because it highlights how we must not look at issues in a one-dimensional way.  The authors finished their piece with the following paragraph.

The whole idea of free public transport is utterly simplistic because of the complex, interrelated composition of demographic, socioeconomic and geopolitical issues at stake. If political leaders are serious about improving mobility, then they will need to undertake a more serious analysis of the problems, and provide a more convincing, context-sensitive set of proposals to solve them. But maybe that doesn’t matter, as long as it looks good.

David Sulejic also sent in a link to an article about the introduction of scooters to the Brisbane CBD which we cover in more detail in this newsletter. The contribution of state newsletter representatives is a very important part of our newsletter.


PAUL SMITH
National President
> EDITOR'S BLOG
NTC EXAMINING DRIVER DISTRACTION AND THE AUSTRALIAN ROAD RULES

The National Transport Commission is examining the effectiveness of the Australian Road Rules relating to driver distraction.

NTC Acting Chief Executive, Dr Geoff Allan, said the current approach was developed in 1999 when mobile phones were used primarily for calls and text, and in-vehicle technology referred to television screens.

This approach has been prompted and is aimed at, in many people’s mind, the taxi and ride sharing services who have to click on a screen to accept jobs.
The fact remains, however, that on a considerable number of occasions we all stop concentrating on the road and move our attention to activate things in the car.  Selecting radio stations, stored music or podcasts; adjusting the volume; changing the air-conditioning; activating the phone, selecting a phone number, answering a call; getting messages read to you; selecting and adjusting the navigation system, to name the more common ones.

As vehicles develop, more features are being added that you can select and adjust. 

Having the choice to change the driving mode of the car from comfort to economy or sport is now very common. Heated and cooled front seats at various levels are now standard in the top variants of most Kia vehicles for example (thankfully the switches are easy to use – in some cars I notice I was getting a very warm posterior but I could not readily find out how to turn off the heating). Sun roofs are common which can entice you to look up to find the switch to open the inner lining or go for the full fresh air.

Here is a couple of pictures of the overall layout and some of the details available in the centre console of the Range Rover Velar. I am not condemning the vehicle because while it has many functions, it is relatively easy to use.
A little while ago I tested a Holden Astra that had 42 different knobs to control different things. 

Later I hopped into a new Toyota Land Cruiser that had been sitting in the sun. The dash had only two buttons for the air-conditioning; one to go to automatic control (which meant full blast) and one to turn it off. After several frustrating and distracting actions, I stopped and read the manual. To adjust the fan speed to a mid-way setting, I had to go into the infotainment screen, find the climate control application and then make the adjustment; three or more steps every time!

Encouragingly there are some significant developments in the interface between the car systems and the driver. 

A number of cars are getting a Head Up Display feature than projects information such as the speed you are traveling at, the speed limit and navigation directions that appear at the bottom of the windscreen in front of the driver.

I drove the new Audi Q8 SUV recently and the company has gone to great lengths to try and improve the interaction between the driver and the car. Among other things they have made great strides in improving the voice recognition system. Early versions of voice actuation in cars often left you screaming at the vehicle to get the phone number right!

Audi has also made it possible to move the application buttons (the first buttons you use on the home screen to select between the core function such as navigation, communication, audio etc) on their touch screen so that you can put the ones you use the most in the most convenient location.

The Audi also shows clearly that modern cars have a much bigger canvas to display information. This is a picture of the dash layout (for Europe but the same just on the other side for Australia) and some of the detail that you can get from the navigation system.
Adapting the presentation of information to your personal preferences is also starting to appear, with limited pre-defined choices, for the dials and information in front of the driver.
There are several conclusions that I think we can make out of this:
  1. This is not just an issue for the hiring companies
  2. Car share drivers rely on their mobile phones and they have good systems that just send them the address so they don’t have to enter this information.  This is a good example of getting the interaction down to a working level.
  3. Further development of voice actuation is critical 
  4. We need to have a more active involvement in how the interface between driver and car systems is developed.

ELECTRIC CARS AND REDUCING POLLUTION

Perhaps one of the clearest indications that electric cars are headed for the main stream, was the release of the Hyundai Ionic, which is available as an all-electric, hybrid or plug-in hybrid model. The thing is that it looks ordinary.  Not as in being plain; in fact, it is quite stylish.  But even when you sit inside, it looks and feels like most new cars (except the gear lever has less choices and there is no grille on the outside).
This is a different approach from a Toyota Prius, that has what one might call, diplomatically, a ‘distinctive’ look.

The Ionic starts at $45,000 plus on-road costs so prices are coming down but it is still not priced like a ‘normal’ car. However, as Prof David Hensher has found in his modelling, the quickest way to reduce pollution from cars in urban areas is to take on new technology.

I note that the Korean bosses at Hyundai hate the use of the expression “Cheapest electric vehicle on the Australian market”.  They think it makes the car sound like they have cut corners to get the price down. The Ionic has many comfort features and is well made, so “Lowest priced” is a more acceptable term to them!
There is an alternative electric vehicle option shown in Quirky News at the end of this newsletter.
 

DATA IS A TRADABLE ITEM

Provoking some controversy, the Sydney Transport Partners consortium, led by Transurban, will pay $9.3 billion for 51 per cent of the Westconnex motorway, which is scheduled to open in its entirety by 2023 and serves areas to the west of Sydney and goes near to the airport.
AITPM member and transport modeller Frank Milthorpe is particularly interested in one condition of the sale’s contract that was, apparently, imposed by the ACCC.  Transurban must release their NSW toll road usage data going back ten years.

Frank says “This provides data which will be especially relevant to the Sydney traffic modelling community”.
The data is available at:  http://nswtollroaddata.com/

The issue of making data available is hugely critical for governments to understand the needs of the community and it is made all the more important, with private industry providing more transport services.
Prof David Hensher from Sydney University ran a forum last year on Mobility as a Service (MaaS) and one point that was raised was that if we are to provide a service that links a range of transport modes, then government needs to have data on how it is being used.  This is critical to ensure community benefits are being achieved. With at least one ride-sharing company being very protective of their data, which is understandably a competitive advantage, the point is whether MaaS services should be corporate branded or run as part of a general service which has a number of providers. Alternatively, a very important condition of allowing any new service to operate, should be that data is made available to government.
 
NO LONGER THE BRADMAN ERA?

In the late 1940s, Don Bradman featured in a road safety film which had him saying to young children playing on the street “Now if you want to play [cricket] for Australia there is something you must not do – play on the road”.
Now Sydney City Council wants to turn that around. It is proposing a trial that would fully or partially close a several streets to through-traffic for two to three hours on a Sunday as reported in the media.  I like the fact that it is for a short time only during the week at this stage. It focuses the intent when there may be strong criticism for a total change.


FALLING SIGNS

When I was a young traffic engineer, the senior manager, Frank Hawes, came to a meeting carrying a small parking sign, noting that it cost the Department of Main Roads an extra $700 (a lot of money back then). The reason was that it dropped off its post and landed on a Volvo.  The money was for the repair bill.

Most of us would have seen the recent news report of the more spectacular sign failure in Melbourne when a five-by-four-metre sign over the inbound exit for Bulla Road and Bell Street on the Tullamarine Freeway crashed onto a car. Link to news coverage.  
Safety is about applying good standards.  As noted by an AITPM member in a previous newsletter, astronaut John Glenn once pondered, as he sat strapped into a Mercury space rocket about to be blasted into space, that “I felt exactly how you would feel if you were getting ready to launch and knew you were sitting on top of 2 million parts — all built by the lowest bidder on a government contract.”
 
FOOTPATH FOXTROT

“The footpath foxtrot is a common dance performed on streets around the world; that awkward scenario when two people walking towards each other, both move in the same direction to avoid a collision”.

In America I believe it is called the “Sidewalk Salsa” or the “Sidewalk Shuffle”.

I am the type of person who seems to get into the Footpath Foxtrot more often than not! I might be too keen to please the other person.  I am also quick to apologise when it is not really just my fault!

An ABC article quoted Dr Jared Cooney Horvath from the University of Melbourne, who said that the neurological reason is that humans try to avoid obstacles and at times two people mis-read the intentions of each other.
I think this is pretty logical.  I have a feeling that it happens more often when a person is super sensitive and so when you try to go one way and the other person decides to go the same way, you panic and change direction without thinking, as does the other person.

Dr Horvath went on to say “that children bumped into people because they hadn't yet had the brain prediction of how footpaths worked”. I have a feeling that many adults don’t appear to understand footpath etiquette or they lose the knowledge once they purchase a smart phone.
 
> STATE BRANCH MEETINGS
Queensland Branch
Victorian Branch
> AITPM AIDELAIDE CONFERENCE 2019
The South Australian branch of AITPM is pleased with how things are progressing with the arrangements for this year’s National Conference to be held in Adelaide. The conference will kick off with registration and pre-conference cocktail party on the evening of Tuesday 30 July before commencing the conference program on Wednesday 31 July. The conference will officially close on Thursday 1 August, followed by a social networking event will be held at Adelaide Oval on the Thursday evening. The conference then extends into Friday 2 August, including 3 interactive workshops.

This year’s National Conference has two international renowned keynote speakers; Phil Jones (UK), Dr John Douglas Hunt (Uni of Calgary, Canada) to share their ideas and challenge the norms, as well as Professor Graham Currie from Victoria.

The committee was delighted to receive strong interest from across Australia and overseas, with a total of 176 abstracts submitted. Such was the quality of so many of the abstracts that we are delighted to announce that a fourth stream has been added to the Adelaide conference, following the success of last year’s 4 stream conference. This will result in over 80 presentations across the Wednesday and Thursday of the conference as well as several as part of Fridays workshops. Look out for more details on the fourth stream shortly.

Our thanks go to all who took the time to prepare and submit their abstract. Letters to the successful, unsuccessful, and those asked to be a reserve were issued at the end of January so if you haven’t received notification, please advise Karen.

Other components of the conference including venues, catering, trade booths and sponsorship are all on track and progressing. Everything looks like we are heading towards another though-provoking and successful conference!
 
> E-SCOOTERS - WHAT DO WE NEED TO MANAGE THEM? 
The AITPM’s Queensland newsletter representative, David Sulejic, sent in a link to a well-researched article in The Conversation about the introduction of Lime rent-a-scooters into Brisbane. The article was written By Benjamin Kaufman, Griffith University and Matthew Burke, Griffith University.

Here are a few reflections and quotes from the article.

Could we stop them if we wanted to?

As planners we often recommend what is the right thing to do, but technical assessment is not the only criterion and it is hard to determine just how disruptive technologies will be used.  The article said:

“Transport disruption makes life difficult for policymakers and transport agencies. Queensland at first attempted to deter illegal ride-sharing but then legalised Uber and Ola in response to public demand. Scooter-sharing systems might be just as transformative for people’s travel."

Overseas experience?

“Previously, North American cities, such as San Francisco and Washington DC, were inundated with scooters. In response, some cities banned scooters outright, others used regulations to control the new players."

Are they being used?

“Thousands of residents and tourists are using the scooters in Brisbane each day. Our sources tell us over 100,000 users have made over 300,000 trips since the mid-November launch."
(The article was published on 24 January 2019)

Are scooter riders adversely affecting pedestrians?

“Our observations this last couple of months suggest user behaviour has changed. Some unruly behaviours we saw in the first few days seem have given way to new social norms."

Suggestions for improvements 

“1. There is no need for scooters in Australian cities that have more power or go faster than the current Lime scooters. The decision to choose 25km/h seems appropriate at present. Restricting speeds to 10km/h, as previous laws did in Queensland, would be nonsensical.
2. Scooter systems are likely a natural monopoly, or perhaps duopoly.
3. We recommend scooter parking locations be designated in key locations.
4. Cities should enter into meaningful partnerships with scooter companies that include data sharing for research and analysis of overall city transportation
5. These scooters need to be part of the coming move towards subscription mobility services.:


Apparently, there is a strong push to encourage new forms of technologies.  The National Transport commission is to investigate “Barriers to the safe use of innovative vehicles and motorised mobility devices”.
In a press release, NTC Acting Chief Executive, Graham Giannini, said current regulations do not allow the use of innovative vehicles such as electric scooters, skateboards and unicycles on public roads and footpaths.

“Commuters want alternative forms of transport, yet we don’t have a national framework to accommodate new and emerging vehicles and devices,” Mr Giannini said.

> A LENDING ORGANISATION WITH AN EXTENDED SOCIAL CONSCIENCE 
The NSW Branch Annual dinner in November last year was sponsored by Transport Mutual Credit Union (TMCU). Their Finance Manager Kathy Loutas gave a lovely presentation on its history which started as the Department of Main Roads Credit Union.

Apparently, a number of people who have served on the board of Directors of TMCU also served on Branch and National committees of AITPM.
The Credit Union has now broadened its reach and targets people in all transport related industries.
As a way of encouraging more sustainable transport the TMCU offers a ‘FreeWheel’ bike loan.  This is a loan between $1,000 and $10,000 to buy a new bike.  TMCU gave us the following information about the scheme:
  • TMCU wanted to implement a strategic concept – a response to changing transport modes for commuters, and at the same time a ‘product with purpose’
  • The product is an interest-free and fee-free personal loan to fund bicycles, repayable over two years – what you borrow, you repay and nothing more
  • TMCU has calculated it costs them $270 to provide  each loan
  • The scheme has funded over 500 bicycles with a value in excess of $2 million since the product was rolled out
  • It was acknowledged by Sydney City Council in 2017 for supporting the move towards sustainable commuting
  • TMCU was acknowledged with a Canstar award for Innovation, in competition against all banks, insurers and superannuation companies in 2015
 
There are some restrictions as to who can get the loan and it is for bikes sold at a retail bike shop in Australia with no online purchases. Link

The Credit Union is taking its commitment to sustainable transport even further with its GoGreen initiatives shortly to release a number of products aimed at supporting the growth in electric vehicles and related sustainable energy.

The GoGreen initiative includes both lending and investment options. You can, for example, apply for a secured personal loan for any combination of electrical hybrid vehicle, solar panels or battery storage. The interest rate is heavily discounted. You could also invest in a GoGreen term deposit which will be used solely to fund GoGreen loans, and deliver you competitive interest at the same time.

We have had some initial chats with TMCU to create opportunities to encourage community benefits in sustainable transport and look forward to exciting collaboration in the months to come.
 
> WORTH A READ
New roads should prioritise health: The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) announced a consultation on new 'quality statements' for streets and roads, to deliver the best health outcomes for the general population.

Hyundai shows off 'walking car' at CES:Hyundai has shown off a small model of a car it says can activate robotic legs to walk at 3mph (5km/h) over rough terrain.Also able to climb a 5ft (1.5m) wall and jump a 5ft gap, the Hyundai Elevate could be useful for emergency rescues following natural disasters, it said.

Walmart and Ford to test grocery delivery with self-driving cars:The pilot program with Ford is taking place in Miami-Dade County. Through it, the companies aim to learn more about how they can take advantage of self-driving vehicles to deliver fresh groceries – hand-picked by their personal shoppers – to customers. In Miami, Postmates serves as the delivery partner and is already connected to Ford’s digital platform.
 
> TRAFFIC ENGINEERING
How well would Connected Autonomous Vehicles (CAVs) deal with these situations?
Alan Finlay 

Many individuals and organisations (especially companies like Uber) claim that CAVs are the near future solution to all of our mobility and road safety problems. Leaving aside the issues around potential increased traffic congestion due to extra trip making, and the moral dilemmas about prioritising which persons are to be saved in a crash situation, how will CAVs deal with situations commonly found in typical inner city areas?  These situations include (but are not limited to):
  1. Narrow streets where only one vehicle is able to proceed in either direction at one time
  2. Badly faded signs
  3. Obscured signs
  4. Damaged signs
  5. Non-standard sign
  6. Badly faded or non-existent road marking
The following examples are taken from an approximate one square kilometre area in Camperdown, in Sydney’s inner west. This is not to suggest that the local council is necessarily negligent (or much different to other LGAs) in their maintenance routines – rather that these situations are mostly correctly interpreted by experienced drivers, and therefore may not be safety critical. CAVs, however, must be programmed to make ‘black or white’ decisions – there is no room for interpretation.
Narrow streets where only one vehicle is able to proceed in either direction at one time
This two-way street has a 50 km/h limit, with parking on both sides.  Experienced (and especially local) drivers look well ahead to determine if there is any oncoming traffic, and then make decisions about who will go first, and who will seek refuge in a kerbside space or side street entrance. Good drivers make eye contact and thank each other for their cooperation. What would CAVs do?
 
Badly faded signs
These are examples of badly faded NO PARKING signs in rear lanes.  While it might be argued that CAVs are unlikely to be using such lanes, there may be some instances.  Would the CAV know not to park here?
 
Obscured signs

Believe it or not, there is a STOP sign at the intersection with the cross street, but it is completely obscured by the foliage (see next photo). Note also the lack of stop line and holding line at the intersection. How would a CAV interpret this situation?
In this photo, can you see the STOP sign?  The next (zoomed) photo shows just the edge of the sign protruding past the building line. Again, the stop line and holding line is badly faded.  Would the CAV know how to proceed?
Damaged signs

This parking sign combination is almost upside down because the top bolt is no longer functional. Would the CAV correctly interpret the situation and park legally?
 
Non-standard signs

There is an unusual combination of information on this pole. The non-standard sign is “Trucks use Derby Place”, due to the tight corner at the STOP sign. How would the CAV interpret this situation?
 
Badly faded or non-existent road marking
This is a STOP sign controlled intersection but the stop and holding lines have almost completely worn off. If one of the STOP signs was missing/damaged/obscured, would the CAV know how to proceed?
 
These badly worn road markings are intended for cyclists, indicating that the cycle route goes around the corner to the right. The arrow symbol is less worn than the bicycle symbol. Might the CAV interpret the arrow as a compulsory right turn?
Challenging non-standard signs

Could a CAV read and understand this sign and apply its meaning effectively?
 
> A RESPONSE TO ALAN FINLAY'S DISCUSSION ON 'HOW WELL CONNECTED AUTONOMOUS VEHICLES (CAVs) DEAL WITH THESE SITUATIONS?'
Graeme Pattison

In contrast to Alan's distinct unease about how future autonomous vehicles will cope with tight inner city local roads, poor signposting and poor road markings, I believe CAVs will perform more than adequately. Alan also mentions a moral dilemma about prioritising which persons are to be saved in a crash situation. I see this CAV issue not as a dilemma but as an improvement on the present situation. The explanation is that in a crash few drivers have anticipated it more than a couple of seconds in advance and then find they must intensely focus their attention on controlling the vehicle to limit crash severity. If there is any remaining spare attention capacity the driver probably only has one second or so to determine which people are at risk of injury, who they are and what their perceived priorities (eg child vs adult, innocent bystander vs crash contributor) and then predict the possible trajectories of all involved. A very complex problem to solve in a second if you are human but not as  challenging if you are a high speed automated processing system with more data on the situation than any human would have. In addition, the CAV will make the "who to save" decision based on algorithms that have been extensively planned, perhaps from hundreds if not thousands of human hours of discussion, thought and evaluation. 

Yes inner city local streets are often not ideal, may not be up to standards and generally have some signs that may be faded, obscured, damaged, non-standard or even missing. Road markings can be badly faded or non-existent too. But CAVs and the road system will be designed to overcome most of these problems. Alan states that CAVs "must be programmed to make 'black or white' decisions - there is no room for interpretation". My view is that to operate in the real world CAVs (which will never have perfect information on the whole road situation) will cope by applying risk management and the Precautionary Principle. This means they will still proceed in unclear (or yet to be determined) situations but at a speed or on a path that sufficiently minimises any risk of an undesirable incident. We all do this in our lives and should accept it as a valid process for an autonomous machine.

Alan also correctly states that experienced drivers can mostly correctly interpret signs and marking that are faded, damaged or otherwise in very poor condition. But inexperienced drivers, the non-locals and those who are distracted or not paying attention may do badly. So poor signs and markings are a hazard for many drivers, at a level that may be higher or lower than for CAVs. Some autonomous vehicle proponents and road agencies are proposing that all road and traffic facility infrastructure be fully digitised with the data sets available on-line for real time CAV use via 5G communications. It is expected that this will even be a legal requirement in some circumstances. An example is a temporary gravel detour alongside a highway undergoing road works. The detour would not be shown on normal GPS maps, the edges would be difficult to visually determine and signposting may be poor so CAVs need the extra digital site information. The data preparation would likely be a mandatory part of the road works approval process. In developed countries almost all road infrastructure and traffic devices would already be recorded in digital databases and CAD files. There is of course work to be done to transfer this information into compatible and accessible formats and then keep it up to date.

Alan's first photo shows a narrow two way street with only a single driveable lane width between parked cars. Driver cooperation is needed for vehicles to travel in opposing directions. But autonomous systems can also achieve this through their programming. I have seen it happen with Honda's Asimo robots moving towards each other in a game of soccer at UNSW. See robot soccer at https://youtu.be/4uYN_3gL4_Y. Judging by company approaches, an Uber CAV is likely to be more assertive than an Apple CAV and make its way through first. Two opposing CAV vehicles may also communicate with each other and decide which proceeds and which gives way based on a built in cooperation algorithm. At a recent AITPM presentation Tim Armitage from the UK described his on road experiences in a self driving vehicle. He found it to be more risk averse and conservative than his own driving manner.

The faded and obscured signs shown in other photos give the same problem to humans and CAVs. Many humans will ignore illegible signs and markings and proceed safely, with caution if needed. CAVs will do the same but if there is a trustworthy complete on-line signs and marking database then CAVs have the potential to know what should or was there and abide by it, making their performance superior to that of human drivers.

Non-standard signs present a different problem as they may be legally mandatory or they may give ill-advised directives. Again, I see CAVs proceeding slowly using the Precautionary Principle. But in any case, it is unreasonable to expect CAVs to fully resolve ambiguous information that a human is not able to decipher. The CAV will probably take a more rational calculated approach than a human. In any case CAVs will be a different animal to humans and will require some system changes such as the removal of ambiguous and illogical signs.

In summary I see advantages with CAVs taking an analytical approach, never being tired, emotional or impaired as humans may be. CAVs will never be perfect and fatal errors will occur but I expect the rate to be low. Tesla's Elon Musk claimed in a May 2018 tweet that Tesla's cars have a fatality rate four times better than the USA's one every 86 million miles of driving.

Perhaps we will need ANCAP style testing to rate the various vehicle manufacturers' software and control systems.
 
> AITPM NEWS
Brisbane YPN Event - Shaping a Transport Network
Qld YPN meeting - Queensland updated Guide to Traffic Impact Assessment & Pavement Impact Assessment Practice Note

Preamble
Update to the Guide to Traffic Impact Assessment (GTIA) and release of a new Pavement Impact Assessment Practice Note

Please be advised that the Department of Transport and Main Roads’ (TMR) has updated the Guide to Traffic Impact Assessment (GTIA) and developed a new Pavement Impact Assessment Practice Note. Copies of these documents (attached) will be published on TMR’s website.

Why has it been Updated
Why has the GTIA been updated and a practice note developed?

The GTIA has been used by planning and development officers and industry to assess the impacts of development-generated traffic on state-controlled roads for nearly 18 months now. During this time TMR received feedback that both internal and external practitioners were having difficulties with the new Pavement Impact Assessment (PIA) methodology and associated concepts introduced under the GTIA. They requested further guidance from TMR about how to prepare a PIA under the GTIA.

In response, TMR commissioned Bitzios Consulting to prepare a practice note which provides practitioners with more detailed guidance about the PIA methodology including step-by-step worked examples. As a consequence, the PIA chapter of the GTIA (Chapter 13) has been updated to simplify the explanation of the PIA methodology and refer to the practice note as a source of further guidance for industry.

As part of the update, TMR will also be releasing a Road Asset Data (RAD) Request Form which consultants can fill in and submit to TMR to obtain datasets necessary for completing traffic and pavement impact assessments. The RAD Form will also be available at the above website.
Gold Coast Annual Dinner

The QLD branch’s annual dinner at the Gold Coast was held at the end of last year. Guests enjoyed a pre-dinner round of mini golf followed by presentations and a lovely two course dinner. Lisa Marshall and Dale Jepson, from the City of Gold Coast Council, presented on the transport responsibility involved in getting the transport network ready to facilitate the Gold Coast 2018 Commonwealth Games (GS2018). Martin Prowse, from Matrix, presented on their recent Matrix multi-modal trial, which compared different modes of travel through the CBD and delivered some interesting results.
 
> QUIRKY NEWS
The following are extracts from the radio program Overdrivewhich is syndicated to stations around Australia on the Community Radio Network and is presented by AITPM members David Brown and Brian Smith and technical expert Errol Smith. Episodes and more stories from the program can be heard at www.drivenmedia.com.au and reflections from the program on FaceBook at OverdriveCity.
Nothing more needs to be said

An alternative electric vehicle


It’s been around for a while but AITPM member Graeme Pattison still enjoys this video on an alternative electric vehicle.
An autonomous vehicle that points the way ahead 

Jaguar Land Rover has developed a system that projects the direction of travel onto the road ahead of self-driving vehicles, to tell other road users what it is going to do next.Jaguar Land Rover has developed a system that projects the direction of travel onto the road ahead of self-driving vehicles, to tell other road users what it is going to do next.
You can’t do this with humans controlling the car, because many don’t know where they are going.

I like the screen in front of the driver in a Tesla because it shows you a schematic of the vehicle ahead that it has detected. I’d really like it to be a real picture to add to that confidence. The more you can show the car has registered what is really happening around you the more confidence we will have in autonomous cars.


An Australian Record 

Australia has reclaimed a world record but I just can’t feel any pride.

Apparently, we have regained the world record for the greatest number of cars doing a burnout at the one time.

The record was first set at Summer Nats in 2013 with 69 cars burning rubber but in 2017 Saudi Arabia took the record with 119 cars during its national day activities. We are back on top with 126 cars set at the 2019 Summer Nats.

If it isn’t sponsored by a tyre company it should be.
 


Pet Packs

I did an interview on the ABC about predictions for the future. One of my thoughts was that cars would surprise you with the features they will give you.

This is not what I imagined but it proves the point.

“Land Rover has launched a range of pet packs to pamper dogs and leave them in the lap of luxury
“Pet Packs include accessories such as a spill-resistant water bowl, access ramp, foldable pet carrier, tailored quilted load space liner and portable rinse system.

Link: https://www.facebook.com/OverdriveCityDrivenMedia/videos/589554448169160/
 
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