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President's Message
Andrew Leedham



With the national conference just around the corner, it’s all hands to the pump for the paid and volunteer resources around the country. This is undoubtedly the busiest time of the year as we also prepare for another national council meeting, the Annual General Meeting and this year the postal ballot for the proposed changes to the constitution.

I take my hat off to Karen Hooper, our national administration officer, who is dealing with a huge increase in her normal workload managing the conference registrations and other related matters.  She will then of course front up during conference week looking calm and collected and marshal the team behind the registration desk. So, if you are coming to the conference (and if you haven’t registered yet there is still time), please be sure to show your appreciation of her efforts.

The conference team is also in top gear, making final preparations. Based on the program and the regular reports I receive on progress, it is all under control which indicates we are heading towards another successful event. I am particularly pleased to see a plenary session devoted to “Women in Transport”. I am keen to attend this session and take any learning from this to incorporate in our emerging policy on diversity which will in turn form part of our revised strategic plan. So, congratulations in advance to the conference team.

The months following the national conference will also be very busy ones for national council. I will provide more details on what is planned in my Presidents Report at the AGM and my address to the national conference (and followed by a formal communique to all members). However, our immediate priority actions will be subject to the outcome of the national ballot on the proposed changes to the constitution. These changes have been developed with independent professional assistance and take into consideration comments received by members on early drafts. Importantly these changes are unanimously supported by national council and I urge all members to review the documentation mailed out in the last week (and included in the members only area of the website) and respond with your positive vote. 

I look forward to seeing many of you at the national conference. Please seek me out if you wish to discuss any matters of interest as I am always keen to hear how members think we can better serve them. 

Andrew Leedham 
President 
Click here to register now!

National Conference

 

Young Women in Transport Conference subsidy winners 


AITPM would like to pass on a sincere thanks to everyone who applied for the Young Women in Transport full conference ticket subsidy.

We received an overwhelming response with a high number of quality submissions. In reflection of the high-quality submissions we raised the number of ticket subsidies from 10 to 20.

We are grateful for VicRoads for their generous support of this initiative.
The following recipients have received a full ticket subsidy to attend:
•    Anna Scott
•    Brooke Young
•    Elise Cameron
•    Emily Russo
•    Georgina McMenamin
•    Gresha Maskey
•    Hui-Lin Tan
•    Jessica Bond
•    Kailey Wilson
•    Kassia Ralston
•    Kirstin Palmer
•    Lily Xia
•    Maddison Hoey
•    Priyanka Chanana
•    Sarah Thorpe
•    Sharvari Bhuskute
•    Tabitha Yeoh
•    Vanina Varnier
•    Xin Hou
•    Yanni Huang

Conference Program: 

An overview of the program can be found at https://www.aitpm.com.au/national-conference/program/
While the full program of all the papers that have been finalised can be found at https://www.aitpm.com.au/wp-content/uploads/2017/07/1774-AITPM-Program.2017.V5.pdf
 

Conference brochure

Members should have received a conference flyer and a floor plan of the conference area or they can get a copy from our web site:
https://www.aitpm.com.au/wp-content/uploads/2017/02/2017-Conference-Flyer.pdf. 

Members are encouraged to pass on a copy of the program to the appropriate people in their own company or other organisations or individuals who you think would benefit from participating in our major event. 

Contacts

Conference Enquiries
Karen Hooper
PO Box 1070
Toombul Qld 4012
Ph: 0413 828 721
aitpm@aitpm.com

Conference Convenors
Scott Benjamin
Mob: +61 406 798 196
S.Benjamin@pb.com.au

Reece Humphreys
Mob: +61 411 961 816
reece.humphreys@gta.com.au
 
Sponsorship Coordinator
Paul Smith
Mob: +61 419 766 990
paul.smith@wda.vic.gov.au
Reflections from the Editor 
David Brown
  • Understanding urban space 
  • Singing from the same hymn book 
  • UK Government pushes hard for electric cars
  • Getting more practical transport management into our communications
  • Can you really work in an autonomous car?
  • Professional Expertise?

Change over to autonomous cars


There is much talk about how the world will be a better place when we are all driving autonomous cars.  But a big issue will be how we will cope when some cars are, but a significant number of vehicles aren’t autonomous.  Rather than wait for everyone to get a car originally built with autonomous capability, you may be able to convert your older vehicle.
Over a year ago there was a firm who would install hardware and software to your second-hand Audi that would make it semi-autonomous (it could travel along well marked out motorways but would not change lanes, etc).

But now technology to convert an older vehicle is taking further steps. AITPM member Graeme Pattison sent in an article about Drive.ai.  This is a Silicon Valley startup founded by former lab mates out of Stanford University’s Artificial Intelligence Lab.  They are creating AI software for autonomous vehicles using deep learning, which we believe is the key to the future of transportation.  They say that they are “Building the Brain of Self‑Driving Vehicles”.  Deep learning is a complex subset of artificial intelligence in which systems are trained by running massive amounts of data through them until they are able to "think" for themselves.

https://youtu.be/GMvgtPN2IBU 

This reminds me of a comment made at the last Young Professional Group meeting in NSW where revolutionary changes in motor vehicles are arising from non-traditional areas.
 
This will include technology but also many different data sources.  Autonomous vehicles can work well if they have very detailed maps of the road network.  One company is now getting this information (in a constantly updated form) from devices they have paid to put in Uber and Lyft ride sharing cars.  
 

Transportation data 

There are a number of papers at the up-coming National Conference on the collection and use of data including the following titles:

•    Motorway Incident Analytics
•    Data Fusion Methodology 
•    Road Safety Crash Statistics Growth Areas 
•    Transforming the planning process through open data 
•    Where are we on the scale of data, information and wisdom?

An important part of collecting data is then making it available to as many as possible.  Here is a good example:

National Transportation Statistics presents statistics on the U.S. transportation system, including its physical components, safety record, economic performance, the human and natural environment, and national security.  This is a large online document comprising more than 260 data tables plus data source and accuracy statements, glossary and a list of acronyms and initialisms.

The Internet edition of the National Transportation Statistics is updated quarterly.

https://www.rita.dot.gov/bts/sites/rita.dot.gov.bts/files/publications/national_transportation_statistics/index.html 
 

Friends of Greater Sydney Forum 

I was asked to make a presentation and help facilitate a forum organised by the 10,000 Friends of Sydney Group (FROGS) which was held at Infrastructure Australia offices in Sydney.  The theme of the forum was Shaping Sydney – Scorecard.  

There were some great ideas, comments and information that came out of the discussion.  Here are just a few issues:

> Preserving land – corridors and manufacturing land
A lot of work and comment has been made recently about the need to reserve transport corridors (see AITPM video news).  

This makes sense to me although I like the broader concept of reserving “transport” corridors, rather than “rail” or “road” corridors.  How we will exactly use corridors in the future is, to my mind, one of the biggest changes we will see.

But future land use needs are not just about transport services nor, for that matter, just about housing.

Bob Meyer, the Head of Planning at Cox Richardson’s Sydney office, gave a great paper about the need to preserve manufacturing land.  We think that Australia is continuing to decline in its manufacturing capability but it must still be a very important part of our on-going economy.  Bob pointed out that Singapore was thought to be moving away from manufacturing yet it is still a vital part of its activities.  The manufacturing of the future will have a strong component of high tech products.

Bob noted that if we rezone land to housing we will never get it back for manufacturing.

> City of Cities
FROGS arose from a major project on sustainable transport in sustainable cities that was conducted by the Warren Centre for Advanced Engineering at Sydney University.  One of the main conclusions was that Sydney must be a “City of Cities”.  We cannot rely on just the CBD as the only significant commercial centre.  Of course there are other large centres but it is critical that we develop the regional areas focused on a regional CBD.

And regional centres should not be seen in a patronising way.  It seems that suburban areas are thought of as the poorer cousins of large metropolitan areas, and that people in these regions only ever aspire to living and working in the richer suburbs.  In this way, we think that the major transport task is to give them public transport access to the CBD.

The reality is that people in the various urban regions will benefit from an intense sense of ownership of their local area.

And this is not just created with a small library and a community hall.  Bob Meyer has pointed out that not only are many of the big transport projects skewed toward the CBD but even arts grants are totally dominated to activities (in Sydney’s case) the already rich eastern areas.

And why should the Nepean Hospital (located nearly 50 kilometres by road from the CBD and over 70 kilometres if you take the fastest toll ways) not be the best hospital in Sydney surrounded with technological developments?  

As it turns out, regions do have a very passionate and specific focus with their football teams.  We need to enhance this in more than just sport.

> Density is our destiny 
A controversial subject was the desire to increase the housing density in order to be able to establish better public transport schemes.

It would be hard not to argue that a greater concentration of people makes it easier to run a successful public transport system.

But some have challenged the overall health of the community by packing people in more tightly.

Increasing density is important but sometimes it has been seen in a one-dimensional sense.  In Sydney, the area around Green Square will have over 50,000 people living there.  This doesn’t guarantee good transport, and if the area becomes known for its congestion and lack of usable open space then it could taint the whole image of higher density.

I am also concerned that density is such an all-or-nothing debate that suburban areas are dismissed as an example of such poor planning that they are beyond hope.  We can increase density even in suburban areas but if they do not end up with very high density they still have a large role to play and, with autonomous public transport, we could service them with a reasonable public transport system.

We will get better, more compact living but let’s not become so one-eyed that we forget that the ultimate goal is quality of life.
 

Scottish sustainable transport projects 

Dundee and Perth (in Scotland) have been awarded a share of £3.25 million of European funding to develop hubs that will encourage people to walk and cycle and use low carbon transport.

The projects aim to provide sustainable travel options to local residents, businesses and visitors to the region.

It involves a hydrogen refuelling station and the expansion of existing electric vehicle charge points and an upgrade to the electricity sub-station for ultra-rapid charging.

A solar canopy and battery storage system will provide the electricity.

To encourage active travel in and around the city, the hub also will feature new secure bike storage facilities and a public information kiosk.
 

Sydney's weekend traffic congestion prompts extra rail services

It is now becoming common knowledge that traffic congestion on weekends can be nearly as bad, if not worse in some instances, than during the week.

To try and alleviate this problem the NSW Transport Minister Andrew Constance has announced that 750 new train services will be added on the weekend from later this year.

Weekend train use has increased by 68% between 2013 and 2016.

Implemented in late 2017, the additional weekend services will boost frequency at many suburban stations to a train at least every 15 minutes.

David Brown
@db_drivenmedia
www.drivenmedia.com.au 

2017 Young Professional Award Winners


Five young professionals will be attending the National Conference as winners from each state as 2017 Young Professional Award Winners
Laura Aston – Victoria

Laura is a Graduate Transport Planning Officer at Transport for Victoria (TFV) and PhD candidate undertaken in partnership with Monash University’s Public Transport Research Group and the Victorian Government.  This is allowing Laura to delve into the complex topic of transit-oriented development and its measurement, to aid the State Government with an evidence-based decision making tool.

In her current role as Transport Planning Officer at Transport for Victoria (TFV), Laura is developing a new repertoire of skills, including spatial analysis, timetabling and consultation, crucial to the sound planning of public transportation networks.
In addition to bus network and service planning, Laura actively facilitates knowledge-sharing among the branches of TFV’s Network Planning Division.

Laura’s undergraduate studies in environmental engineering granted her exposure to transport and traffic studies, while allowing her to appreciate a broader context of environmental sustainability. A passion for equitable mobility and sustainable development led Laura to undertake Honours research into the transit-orientation of urban development. In 2015, Laura received the Institute of Transportation Engineers (ITE) Australia and New Zealand chapter award for her paper: Investigating the Transit-Orientation of Existing Urban Development Around Melbourne Trams Compared to Other Public Transport Modes.
Laura considers that the AITPM conference will enable her to hear from leaders in the field who have applied such a mission to their work. Laura would also seek to disseminate insights with her colleagues at TFV and Monash University.
Navreet Virdi - New South Wales

Navreet is a Graduate Transport Planner working for Arup and graduated from the University of New South Wales with First Class Honours in Civil Engineering and First Class Honours in Environmental Engineering in 2016. Navreet’s first taste of transport engineering was during a course that required students to design an optimal and feasible ramp metering system for the M4 motorway. 
This course inspired him to investigate further into the discipline of transport engineering, and so he completed every undergraduate and postgraduate course offered by UNSW on the topic of transport engineering.

Navreet’s honours thesis during his penultimate year centred on the mathematical modelling and microsimulation of mixed fleet systems that contained Autonomous and Connected Vehicles. The reason why he proposed undertaking this project is because he is fascinated by the idea of an intelligent driving fleet that is capable of optimised operation through co-operation and communication.

The Conference will allow Navreet to immerse himself in an environment full of industry leaders and professionals, to discuss with them the changing landscape of travel in Australia. The conference will expose him to a range of ideas and opinions pertaining to emerging technologies and ideas, industry standards and changing practices. It would also provide him an invaluable opportunity to converse with others that are interested in Autonomous and Connected Vehicle technology and share some of the research he has been working on. Navreet is particularly interested in attending the Transport Planning and Transport and Land Use Modelling portions of this year’s conference. 
Ashlee Ferencz – South Australia

Ashlee graduated from the University of Adelaide with a Bachelor of Engineering (First Class Honours) (Civil and Structural) and a Bachelor of Finance and in January 2017 and is employed with AECOM as a Graduate Civil Engineer.

In 2016, Ashlee undertook a final year elective in Traffic Engineering and Design at the University of Adelaide. During this course, she was introduced to the fundamental principles of road design, safety infrastructure, traffic analysis and modelling, traffic flow, signal operation and junction design and was also provided a fundamental introduction to the AustRoads Guides. This course allowed Ashlee to gain a solid foundation of technical knowledge and skills which she can now apply to her own work within the industry.

Ashlee has further developed her skills and passion for the traffic and transport engineering industry by assisting in various traffic/transport related projects. Particularly, she has had the opportunity to gather and analyse crash data at notorious intersections within the metropolitan area of Adelaide and use ArcMap to explore GIS datasets and display the data graphically. Ashlee has also had the opportunity to develop skills in SIDRA by examining various intersection layouts and observing the effect of added congestion on the surrounding traffic network.

Ashlee states that the National Conference would be an incredibly exciting opportunity, one which would allow her to make new connections and interact with influential professionals within the traffic and transport field, as well as other young professionals. Ashlee would be particularly interested in attending the Women in Transport presentation.
John Samineeni Jesudoss – Western Australia

John has recently graduated from the University of Western Australia (UWA) in November 2016 with a Masters of Professional Engineering in Civil Engineering, alongside a Bachelor of Science (majoring in Engineering Science and Finance) and is employed by Arup Perth as a first year Graduate Planner in January 2017. Working at Arup, John has been afforded the opportunity to work on a range of different projects. The first project he was propelled into was a Traffic Management Plan (TMP) for the closure of Scarborough Beach Road. 
He was tasked with generating expected traffic volumes as a result of the proposed network configuration, preparing Origin-Destination (OD) matrices for input into LinSig and working within the software to produce optimised phase times.

During his studies at UWA, John was fortunate enough to be exposed to the theory behind Transport and Traffic engineering within the unit, Transportation Engineering run by Dr Min Qui. The unit introduced him to concepts of road design and road safety, phasing and timing, origin and destination routes as well as early outlines of traffic modelling with the use of SIDRA software.

By attending the 2017 AITPM Conference in Melbourne, John would broaden his connections with those within the sector, learning more from those around him as well as increasing his knowledge of the more unfamiliar aspects of Transport Planning; the economics, freight and non-motorised transport modes in particular.
Delaware Khan – Queensland

Delaware graduated from The University of Queensland (UQ) with a Bachelor of Engineering (Civil) in December 2016 and started working as a cadet engineer with Point8 Pty Ltd, where he has been employed as a Graduate Traffic Engineer for the past 6 months, and has worked on a wide variety of traffic engineering, transport planning and road safety projects for both public and private sector clients.  The most significant project Delaware has been involved in is the Queens Wharf Brisbane (QWB) Integrated Resort Development (IRD).
Delaware’s studies at UQ provided him with an insight to analysis, design and management techniques across a range of disciplines within civil engineering. Delaware found that he was most fascinated by the traffic and transport related courses and developed a keen interest in the areas of traffic engineering and transport planning subjects.

Delaware believes the National Conference will be an invaluable opportunity for him to meet and learn from industry professionals from around the nation. He is keen to share his passion for global improvement in transport systems that are equitable and environmentally sustainable and network with likeminded professionals. He is most interested in the Transport Planning stream, particularly the presentation by Robyn Davies and Ben Vardon - Economic Benefits of Cycling Infrastructure. Another area of interest to him is attending presentations in the Transport and Land Use Modelling stream particularly ‘Transport Forecasting with Autonomous Vehicles’ by modelling keynote speaker Luis Willumsen.  

News from our Nation Sponsor SMEC


SMEC Special Visitors in Cooma ahead of drilling for Snowy 2.0 commencing 

The Prime Minister, Malcolm Turnbull, Deputy Premier John Barilaro and Parliamentary Secretary Bronnie Taylor visited Cooma ahead of investigative drilling commencing for Snowy 2.0.  

SMEC CEO Andy Goodwin and Snowy Hydro Limited CEO Paul Broad provided a Snowy 2.0 update and showcased one of the drill rigs. 

Mr Broad said the investigative drilling, which is expected to commence next month after all approvals, is a critical milestone for the Snowy 2.0 feasibility study. 

"The drilling will provide us with detailed geotechnical information about the rock formations, strength and structure of the area where the tunnels between the Tantangara and Talbingo reservoirs and underground power station will be located. The core holes will be drilled in key locations so that we have a very clear picture of the geology and can better plan and cost the project.” Mr Broad said.  

The geotechnical information collected through this process will be shared with research and education institutions for science and research purposes. 

The Prime Minister, Deputy Premier and Parliamentary Secretary's visit was also an opportunity for Snowy Hydro and SMEC to bring together their local project teams to celebrate the reopening of the SMEC office in Cooma.  

SMEC's CEO Andy Goodwin said the reopening of their Cooma office and work on the Snowy 2.0 feasibility study will continue to generate economic activity in the region. “It’s great to be working on such an iconic hydropower project with Snowy Hydro that reflects on our namesake and history. For SMEC this is an opportunity to bring back our local people with global experience to contribute to the legacy for the next generation.”  

“The Feasibility Study will generate more than 350 jobs across professional services, construction and administrative support and if Snowy 2.0 goes ahead we expect to create about 5000 jobs over the life of the build,” Mr Goodwin said.  

The Snowy 2.0 Feasibility Study will be completed by the end of this year. Snowy Hydro is proud to provide secure, stable and reliable renewable energy to households and businesses. If built, Snowy 2.0 would increase the generation capacity by up to 50 per cent, making up to 2000 megawatts available to the National Electricity Market.
MATRIX ARE DIAMOND SPONSORS – JOIN US AT THE AITPM NATIONAL CONFERENCE 15-18 AUG 2017!

Marty Prowse, Managing Director of Matrix Traffic and Transport Data, is proud that Matrix has been able to be the Diamond Sponsors of the AITPM National Conference being held at the Melbourne Convention and Exhibition Centre from 15-18 August 2017. 
“We are pleased to extend a warm welcome to delegates attending the upcoming AITPM National Conference. This is the second year that Matrix has taken up the Diamond Sponsorship. We are happy to be able to support the AITPM National Conferences with our successive major sponsorship. I also want to congratulate Narayana Rao, our VIC State Manager, for being accepted onto the VIC branch committee of the AITPM. It’s another way that Matrix is supporting the activities of the AITPM,” noted Marty. 

Kevin John, Director of Market Development, for Asia-Pacific, talks about the “fabulous Matrix Showbag, which is full of all sorts of goodies, and will be available exclusively from the Matrix Trade Booth. We have chosen a variety of useful gifts for our Showbag, as shown in the picture. Don’t leave it too late, we do not want you to miss out on these Showbags which are sure to be very popular. We are looking forward to catching up with many of our clients, which is always a highlight of attending the conference, plus it’s the chance to meet the Matrix Team, many of whom already deal with our clients.”  

Narayana Rao, VIC State Manager, talks excitedly about the upcoming conference: “it’s our pleasure to welcome delegates to Victoria as the Diamond Sponsors of this year’s conference. I am also very pleased to be accepted onto the VIC branch of the AITPM as a newly elected committee member and looking forward to working with the committee on future events. Please visit our Trade Booth during the conference and meet our Matrix Team. We are sure this is going to be another very successful National Conference, so we encourage you to register and we look forward to catching up with many Matrix clients.” 

‘Experts Panel’ – we need more!


In the last issue of the newsletter, we sought Expressions of Interest for an AITPM Experts Panel – a group of members with varying knowledge and experience in the disciplines of:
  • Traffic Engineering
  • Road Safety (especially Road Safety Auditors)
  • Transport Planning
  • Land Use Planning
We are pleased to report that so far, we have four people on the panel (Louise Round of WA, Peter Greenland of NSW, Bob Taylor of QLD, and Brett McClurg of QLD).  In this newsletter, we have two long features based around technical reports and issues to which we have added comments from the panel and respected AITPM members.

But we would like more members, especially from the younger group of members.  Just to remind you, we propose no formal meetings but rather for all correspondence to be handled electronically.

If you would like to be considered for the panel, please email Alan Finlay c/- brown.david@aitpm.com.au, with an outline of your:
  • Age
  • Years of experience
  • Current position and location
  • Specialist disciplines

Temporary line marking in Victoria – Panel discussion

 
In the July 2017 newsletter, we mentioned the confusing line marking in Victoria associated with the construction of extra motorway lanes near the Tullamarine airport in Melbourne.
Comments from Bob Taylor - Life Member AITPM:

Victoria used white only road markings for as I long as I can remember, in fact I can't recall seeing yellow even as a child.  The only non-white marking used was blue to mark the route for the Olympic marathon in 1956.  

In 1971/72, I was the CRB's supervising engineer responsible for pavement marking operations throughout Victoria. As part of my job I was asked to investigate possibly using yellow markings for snow areas, as it was thought that yellow would provide greater contrast with the snow.  I can't recall all of the details but I do know that I found a paper from the USA on the subject with the title something like "Yellow linemarking- somebody goofed".   

It found that the contrast wasn't great during the day and less so at night, because yellow had lower reflectivity than white markings.  The application in non-snow conditions had even less going for it so it was decided to retain white for all road markings.  Yellow was subsequently adopted for special purposes such as bus bays and parking restrictions.  

Yellow road marking materials may have improved, as has white, so I see no need to change the current standard.  However, the use of yellow markings for temporary works might have merit, providing they can be seen at night and in adverse weather conditions, when delineation of roadwork is very important.

Comments from John Reid – Life Member AITPM 

I concur with Bob's comments with respect to Victorian line marking practice.

Victorians always knew when they had passed into NSW by the colour change.

Most recently Yellow has taken up presence on some Melbourne road works sites where the lane reconfiguration has been considerable.

I personally don’t like the effectiveness of yellow lines and the case of the current work on the Tullamarine Freeway the yellow does not achieve my interpretation of benefit on wet nights. Roads works sites on wet nights host a lot of liability issues. There are too many instances where the scrubbed-out lines direct traffic into steel and concrete barriers. It is problematic for constructors; perhaps even greater usage of raised pavement markers would assist.

Perhaps the line markers with yellow should be using reflective beads to maximum benefit.

Wets nights must be the design focus for what is ultimately deemed the appropriate solution.

Editorial comments from Alan and David

David was in the Mt Kosciusko region in NSW recently and noticed that the line marking in areas that had winter snow were all yellow.  

The long-standing belief has been that it is not the colour that makes line marking visible at night but the reflective beads (as John pointed out).

NSW did away with yellow lines some 20 years or more years ago on the grounds of saving money by not having to keep different paints in store.  But they then brought them back as a marking near the kerb and gutter to indicate that the road had some clearway restrictions.

The different colour may then have value in highlighting a different situation.  The point about Victoria is that sections of road have both white and yellow lines representing the old lane marking and the (temporary) new lane marking.

Reflectivity of line marking and signs is about the quality of the material not its colour.  As recorded many years ago in Frank Hulscher’s book ‘A Signal Career’, John McKerral was Assistant Traffic Engineer at the Department of Main Roads (DMR).  In 1982 John sent the following officially typed memorandum to the Chief Engineer (Traffic and Design), Bruce Butcher.

Class 2 white is whiter than white
While Class 1 white is grey but bright.
I know it sounds trite,
But as the light from the white
Must be sighted at night,
To do it right we should use Class 1 white.
We seek your approval
For the complete removal
Of Class 1 yellow
Which is warm and mellow
And its replacement of course
With an alternative source
If this is alright,
Class 1 white.


Mr Butcher was not impressed and did not approve the proposal.

Autonomous Vehicles and Land Use – Experts Panel comments
 

Recently we came across an article by Mike Spack, a US-based Professional Engineer, on the ways that Autonomous Vehicles will change lane development.  
We asked our Experts Panel (at that time, Louise Round and Peter Greenland) to comment (the original item is listed with AITPM panel comments in italics):

Top 16 Ways Autonomous Vehicles Will Change Land Development
By Mike Spack, PE, PTOE

Autonomous vehicles are coming – it’s a matter of when, not if.  I believe they’ll be ubiquitous within twenty years and humans driving will be legal on public streets in 30 to 40 years.  You can scan 8 Technological Changes that Will Revolutionize the Future of Transportation for a general primer of what’s on the horizon.  This post focuses on how autonomous vehicles will change development (and savvy developers will push the envelope with some of these items).

Here are the Top 16 Ways I think Autonomous Vehicles will change Land Development:
  1. Roads, driveways, parking stalls, and drive aisles can be narrower as autonomous vehicles will handle tighter spaces better than human drivers. It is also likely that vehicles themselves will get smaller (Smart Car and Mini Cooper size).
It is likely that there will be small, single occupancy, vehicles but the other side of this is that people will be able to do more when they no longer have to undertake the driving task. It is more likely that we will see the same range of vehicles as we do now, perhaps allowing families to sleep in the vehicle whilst it drives them to a holiday destination.
  1. Roundabouts and traffic circles will be more effective than signals and all-way stops as they are easier for autonomous vehicles to navigate. This is good news as there’s a lot of wasted time at signals and all way stop signs (I get frustrated every time I pull up to a red left turn arrow later at night and have to wait thirty seconds for the cycle to change).
An alternative scenario is to do away with “external” intersection control. Intersections could be handled by having connected vehicles that “talk” to each other.

To say roundabouts (especially multi lane) will be more effective than signalised intersections, when used by autonomous vehicles, is a very general statement.  Predicted benefits for automated vehicles include – higher speed limits, increased roadway capacity and minimised traffic congestion, due to decreased need for safety gaps and higher speeds.

Considering the safety of users of roundabouts and signalised intersections is one aspect of effectiveness that can be examined.

Studies have shown that converting intersections to roundabouts reduces the severity and number of vehicular crashes and injuries, but there is an increase in minor vehicle collisions. It is reasonable to say this will continue with automated vehicle usage - but it is at the expense of non-motorised modes of transport including cyclists, pedestrians and people with disabilities, trying to navigate as well.
Pedestrians must give way to all vehicles at roundabouts - NSW Road Rule 72 states ‘If a driver is turning left or right at an intersection (Except a roundabout) the driver must give way to any pedestrian crossing the road the driver is entering’.

Because vehicles in roundabouts never come to a complete stop, pedestrians and cyclists have to rely on timing of gaps in the traffic to either cross or turn across traffic lanes. This is even more difficult for those with visual impairment or those unable to cross a lane quickly. To confidently decide on when to cross, a cyclist will often attempt eye contact with the driver of the vehicle to make sure he has seen the intention of the cyclist. With a vehicle having an automated system and the ‘driver’ looking elsewhere this opportunity will be removed and lead to uncertainty in the cyclist’s mind and possible higher risk taking to complete the movement.

Signalised intersections offer explicit, positive guidance to pedestrians by way of visual and audible signal indications. The decision process for visually impaired and other pedestrians may be easier at signalised intersections compared to roundabouts.

Based on past events, automated vehicles usage at roundabouts will be ‘safer’ than signals, with regard to reduced vehicle crashes but it is not the case for pedestrians and cyclists.
  1. Buildings can be closer to the road. No need for huge setbacks.
Setbacks can give a human scale to a development and should not be effected by autonomous vehicles. There also needs to be consideration for pedestrians.
  1. Excess public right-of-way can be turned back for infill development.
This is true, there are a number of uses it could br put to.
  1. Right-of-way standards should get narrower. Developers should ask for narrower right-of-way on future projects.  A transition could be easement in lieu of permanent right-of-way.
This will still be governed by the largest vehicle that needs to access a development. This could be a removal truck or a garbage truck.
  1. Lower parking needed on site for new developments. Whether you use a robo taxi (think autonomous Uber) or your personal car drops you off at work and goes back home to park/charge.  We won’t need as many parking stalls on site.
Agreed that there won’t be a need for so many parking bays in the CBD of cities but apartment blocks may need to accommodate just as many parking bays if people own autonomous vehicles, rather than using a robo taxi.
  1. Many parking ramps and lots will have excess capacity that should be repurposed
Agreed, this is already happening, however it may be that parking on the fringes of CBDs take their place.
  1. Not as much attention to access spacing. The safety benefits of access spacing are due to counteracting human error.
Access to buildings across footpaths is not only about safety for vehicles, it is also about amenity for pedestrians. The urban form needs consideration so that an active street frontage is maintained.
  1. Pick-up/drop-off areas will become more important. They will be grander for aesthetics and longer to accommodate onsite queuing.
Agreed.
  1. More drive-throughs or pick-ups for autonomous vehicles to pick-up packages at retail outlets and make deliveries (more things like BiteSquad).
This is an interesting issue and one that requires careful consideration. The rise of services like BiteSquad in the US and Deliveroo in Australia means ever increasing numbers of short trips. Many restaurants are in areas of heavy pedestrian traffic, with limited parking and places to stop. It would not be practical for every restaurant to have a drive through, or nearby pick up.
  1. Travel Demand Management Plans should be more important than traffic studies.
Agreed
  1. Need electric plug-in stations.
This is happening, regardless of autonomous vehicles. In WA the Electric Highway allows you to drive the 315km from Perth to Augusta in the southwest using a series of charging stations.
  1. Robo taxis will want places to park between fares. Owners may need to be concerned about these vehicles staging in their parking lot.  Less driveways (and with gates?) will improve the property owner’s ability to control access and parking.
This is an existing concern, parking by people who do not have legitimate business at a development. Other technologies, such as automatic number plate recognition (ANPR), are of more benefit in this area.
  1. Hertz, Avis, Ford, Uber, etc. may own a large portion of the passenger vehicle fleet. Vehicles will go to home bases on the fringe of the metro to park, charge, get maintenance, get cleaned, etc.
Agreed
  1. Oil change, tire store, car washes, gas stations, etc. will disappear if there are large fleet operators that displaces personal vehicle ownership. Even if there is significant personal vehicle ownership, the car will drive itself to a giant (cheaper) hub to get serviced.  This would likely happen on the edge of the urban area where land is cheaper and congestion wouldn’t be a concern.
Agreed
  1. Will robo-taxis shift transit the way buses killed fixed street cars? Transit Oriented Design around fixed transit may go away.  Aside – robo taxis could be much more equitable than fixed line LRT.
This will depend on how the existing road space and infrastructure is allocated by authorities. With the ability of connected and autonomous vehicles to travel with very short headways there may be an opportunity to allocate additional lanes to public transport.
 
A more general response would be:

This is an interesting article and there are many isssues that developers, Local Governments who set the planning controls, and current transport providers need to consider. It does highlight how we could allow our urban spaces to remain dominated by cars. There needs to be more consideration of how we can take advantage of many of the things noted in the article but use it to allocate more space to active transport and to create a more attractive urban environment.

Video News


We have changed the way we are delivering AITPM video news stories.  Each week day we will put a new news story up on the home page of our web site (aitpm.com.au).  There will be no email notification of each story.  But at the end of the week we will put up all the five stories in one video.  So now you can start your day with a quick news flash.

We continue to get positive comments from listeners including “Thank you for the videos. It is a great way to get transport/traffic planning industry news”.  But not as many people are making use of the service as we would like.  So don’t be afraid to spread the word.

In the last month, the most popular AITPM video news stories have been:

Audio interviews 


We regularly conduct extended interviews with stakeholders and research professionals in a wide are of traffic and transport activities.  I have also been interviewed on radio on some transport issues.  Here are some of the interviews:
I did an interview on ABC Sydney Drive Program with Richard Glover on restricting P platers from carrying more than one passenger at night in the light of an article in Fairfax Media on the death of a young person who was a passenger in a car with a driver who had had his licence for only a few weeks.  Richard’s whole program can be found here -  our interview starts near the end of the program at the 2:08:36 timing point.
 

I was interviewed on commercial radio station 2UE on a program that originates in Sydney but is also broadcast live on other stations on the east coast of Australia on the possible “carbon tax” on cars.  I chose to talk about local pollution and the need for improvements rather than get into the issue of climate change.  I talked about the development of electric cars that are now becoming much more sexy. https://omny.fm/shows/george-and-paul/david-brown-carbon-tax-on-cars-and-test-drive-of-t 
 

Mongol Rally – Serious fun for a serious cause 

At the time of writing AITPM member Mike Willson has been traveling for over nine days on the Mongol rally which involves driving a farcically small vehicle from London to Mongolia within two months.  Two months!!  He is raising money for an organisation called First Descents. They take young adults who have or who have beaten cancer and take them on a cool trip. 
We have received reports including some mechanical difficulties and a broken windscreen even before they started.
View a map of the route here.

Information on First Descents can be found here.
•    Website: https://www.kublaikooks.org/
•    Phone: +61 422 635 521
•    Email: Michael.willson@tdgaustralia.com.au
See who has joined AITPM members each month
as well as other AITPM news 
here.
AITPM news

Queensland AGM - Hon. Mark Bailey, Minister for Main Roads, Road Safety and Ports 


AITPM in QLD was pleased to hold a Luncheon with the Hon. Mark Bailey, Minister for Main Roads, Road Safety and Ports presenting on the outcomes of the 2017 QLD State Budget for Roads and Road Safety.

The event was held at the Brisbane Convention and Exhibition Centre Sky Room, and the Minister talked about the government priorities in his portfolio and more general in Transport. Road Safety is one of the top priorities and he also talked about expanding the Active Travel network by building more cycling and walking infrastructure and achieving the vision of getting more people cycling more often. WSP sponsored the event and Gerard Ryan, Regional Director gave the vote of thanks. 

The AGM followed the luncheon and the new QLD committee was announced. 
Kyriakos Tyrologos - President
Derrick Hitchins- V.President
Alice Shi - Secretary
Douglas Lee - Treasurer
Gary Wood - I.P.President
Alec Tattersall - Committee 
Alexandra Kelly - Committee
Andrew Norton - Committee
Jason Brook - Committee
Jason Van Paassen - Committee
Michael Gillies - Committee
Richard Jones - Committee
Tim Boxall - Committee 
Tomas Potesil - Committee
Delaware Khan - 2017 YP Award Winner
David Sulejic - Co-opted Guest

South Australian AGM 


SA AITPM held their AGM on 5 July and the following Committee was elected:

Paul Froggatt - President
Chris Dunn - Immediate Past President 
Bill Zhang - Vice President
James Parrott - Treasurer
Ms Sharvari Bhuskute - Secretary
James Arnold - Committee Member 
 
David Hayes - Committee Member 
Ashni Kumar - Committee Member 
Carl Lundberg - Committee Member 
Richard Tang - Committee Member 
Darren Blaesdale - Committee Member 
Peter Doupé - Committee Member 
Adrian Sasu -Committee Member 
Jason Yii - Committee Member 
Matthew Matricciani - Committee Member / YPN Coordinator
Ashlee Ferencz - 2017 YP Award Winner

NSW AGM & Committee 


The NSW AGM was fortunate to have two state ministers present at the dinner.

The Hon Andrew CONSTANCE Minister for Transport and Infrastructure: Andrew was elected to the NSW Parliament as the Member for Bega in 2003 and was appointed Minister for Transport and Infrastructure in 2015.

The Minister oversees some of the biggest infrastructure projects in the country, including Sydney Light Rail, Parramatta Light Rail and Newcastle Light Rail, along with Sydney Metro, which will see the construction of a second harbour rail crossing, delivering more trains and faster services for the entire city.

Andrew has launched a new program of work titled Future Transport, which has triggered a new stream of innovative partnerships to ensure NSW is prepared for a new wave of transport driven by technology. 

The Hon Melinda Jane PAVEY MP Minister for Roads, Maritime and Freight:  Mrs Pavey initially worked as a radio journalist with 2UW in Sydney, and in 1988 took up a position as a media officer for Matt Singleton, the then-NSW Minister for Administrative Services. Over the next decade, she worked for a number of MPs, including Deputy Premier Wal Murray (1990–1993), Minister for Consumer Affairs Wendy Machin (1993–1994) and National Party leader Ian Armstrong (1994–1997).

In December 2014, she was preselected by the Nationals as the party's candidate for the lower house seat of Oxley at the 2015 state election.
Tessa Knox-Grant - President
Noha Elazar -Vice-President
Brendyn Williams - Treasurer
Oleg Sannikov - Secretary
Roshan Aryal - Committee
Bernard Choongo - Committee
Fred Gennaoui - Committee
Chris Roberts - Committee
Andrew Hulse - Committee
Graeme Pattison - Committee
John Stephens - Committee
Alex Karki - Committee
Ganesh Vengadasalam - Committee
Katrina Loader - Committee
Mary Haverland - Committee
Michale Kolos - Committee
Navreet Virdi - 2017 YP Award Winner

West Australian AGM 


WA AITPM held their AGM on 18 July and the following Committee was elected:

Peter Kartsidimas - President
Andrew McDougall - Vice President
Russell Jones - Secretary
Dragan Koncar - Treasurer
Jacob Martin - Committee Member/ Past President
Iris Brkic - Committee Member

Zoe Wilks - Committee Member
Donald Veal - Committee Member
Richard Isted - Committee Member
Tim Judd - Committee Member 
Dylan Melsom - Committee Member
Steven Piotrowski - Committee Member
Vern Bastian - Committee Member
Mark Fowler - Committee Member
Adam Reynolds - Committee Member
Rodney Markotis - Committee Member
John Samineeni Jesudoss -2017 YP Award Winner

Victorian AGM 


The Victorian AGM was held on 11 July and the current Victorian Committee includes:

Emmanuel Natalizio - President
Scott Benjamin - Vice President
John-Paul Maina - Secretary 
Louisa Sorrentino - Treasurer
Ian Butterworth - Committee Member
Reece Humphreys - Committee Member
Trent Bulmer - Committee Member
Chris Bright - Committee Member
Mark Rowland - Committee Member
David Keenan - Committee Member
Louise Baldwin - Committee Member
Sachin Prasad - Committee Member
Diana Dezilwa - Committee Member
Emily Coldbeck - Committee Member
Laura Aston - 2017 YP Award Winner 
Chris DeGruyter - Committee Member
Daniel Mustata - Committee Member
Narayan Rao - Committee Member
The outcomes of the state branch AGM’s will become effective after the national AGM to be held at the end of the first day of the national conference. The newly appointed State Branch presidents (Paul Froggatt in SA and Peter Kartsidimas in WA) will replace the outgoing state branch presidents Chris Dunn and Jacob Martin on national council.

AITPM Member Personal Profile


Delaware Kahn

When/how did you first get involved with AITPM? What do you hope to get out of being an AITPM member and YPN committee member?
I first became involved with AITPM as a student member when I started working as an Undergraduate Engineer at Point8. Many of my co-workers are regular attendees at AITPM events and they would mention that the events are a fantastic opportunity to meet others in the industry and grow your professional network.
This encouraged me to join and I hope to continue building my professional network as an AITPM member. As a YPN committee member, I am looking forward to helping the team in gaining more exposure for AITPM, particularly amongst students and young professionals. 
 
How did you first get involved in the transport profession?
I became interested in a career in traffic engineering and transport planning during my university studies. This industry really resonated with me as I have always had a passion for helping people and making a positive contribution to the community that stems from my background. I arrived in Australia at 11 years of age as a refugee from Afghanistan which like other developing nations face numerous challenges, of which I believe one of the most important is transport infrastructure and safety. The existing poor standard of transport networks is a key impediment to improving the quality of life and economic conditions. Sometime in the future, I hope to be able to contribute to the advancement of the transport network in developing countries. 
 
What is your current role? What key projects are you finding interesting at the moment?
Currently, I work as a Graduate Traffic Engineer at Point8. I have had the opportunity to work on a number of interesting transport projects for both public and private sector clients. At the moment we are working on the Nerang Street Revitalisation Plan in the Gold Coast and I am proud to be part of a project that is going to shape part of the Southport CBD. The most significant project I have been involved in is the Queens Wharf Brisbane (QWB) Integrated Resort Development (IRD). I have been assisting with the review of traffic engineering documentation submitted as part of the proposed development application. It has been a rewarding experience knowing my work will have a direct impact on the safe and efficient movement of people in the CBD area associated with a project of this scale.

You’ve recently finished your university degree, have you managed to put into practice in your current role the key lessons learned from university yet? Is the working life as you expected it would be when you were at university?
I think most of what I learnt at university was very technical and at times it was hard without the real world context. Working in the industry, however, has allowed me to enhance my conceptual understanding of the various traffic and transport principles introduced at uni by being part of a team that tackles real world engineering problems.

Can you give a brief summary of what you are looking forward at the AITPM National Conference in Melbourne? 
I am looking forward to the excellent educational and networking opportunities that the AITPM National Conference offers. I think it would be invaluable to my development as a young professional. I am a passionate advocate of sustainable built environments and therefore I am most interested in the Transport Planning stream, particularly the presentation on Economic Benefits of Cycling Infrastructure. Another area of interest to me is future travel modes such as Autonomous Vehicles. I am particularly keen on attending presentations in the Transport and Land Use Modelling stream such as ‘Transport Forecasting with Autonomous Vehicles’.

Your education background?
Bachelor of Engineering (Civil), UQ

Awards/achievements you would like us to include
AITPM QLD Young Professional Award 2017
Quirky News

The following are extracts from the radio program Overdrive which is syndicated to stations around Australia on the Community Radio Network and is presented by AITPM members David Brown and Brian Smith and technical expert Errol Smith. Episodes and more stories from the program can be heard at www.drivenmedia.com.au. You can also hear about news, features and quirky news via twitter @db_drivenmedia.
 

Failure of China's 'straddling bus' shows there's no magic bullet for traffic woes

A few months ago, we interview doctor Alexa Delbosc from Monash University.  One of the points she made was to be careful about getting hooked on concept thinking it was going to be the one thing that would totally revolutionise transport.

In May 2016, the media reporting the development of a straddle bus from China that would carry people in a bus situation as it's straddled several layers of traffic.

But the demonstration model of this bus now lies rusting away and 32 people have been arrested under the allegation of fraud.
 

Accounting for claustrophobia or anxiety in travel trips

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JlCxuantGPU

People with claustrophobia or other anxiety conditions, could find a journey less stressful as Transport for London has launched a new map that shows which stations and sections of the network and not underground.

This may seem trivial, but tunnel phobia fear of driving across bridges or even particular traffic situations, are real issues to some people.

Transport for London develop maps in response to customer's request.

This raises the issue of just how we model trips, usually based purely on logical factors of time distance and cost.
 

Flying cars

Another revolutionary concept that has been with us for years is the flying car. Perhaps, like electric cars, it will take many brave attempts and some failures along the way and the development of unforeseen technology, before such a solution is reached.

Paul Moller has been working on the concept for four decades he spent $150 million developing prototypes but he is now selling one on eBay.

The prototype was built-in 2001 and shone to be able to take off and land vertically though never with a person on board and always when tethered to a crane.

He wants 5 million dollars for it but did the time of going to press there have been no bids.

But Geely, the Chinese company that bought Volvo is now reported to be buying the Terrafugia flying car company.
 
 

Sydney man has Opal card implanted into hand to make catching public transport easier

In order to avoid misplacing his Opal transport card, a Sydney man has had the critical chip part of the card implanted in his hand.

The man, who has had his name officially changed to Meow-Ludo Disco Gamma Meow-Meow says that his goal is to have frictionless interaction with technology, although he does not recommend that people try this without doing considerable research including identifying risks such as infection.

The only problem we can see is that he has had the chip implanted in his left hand where all the gates on Sdyney trains are designed to have people present their cards with their right hand.
 

Coins thrown into plane engine by elderly lady for good luck

Do you have any superstitious actions before you travel?

An elderly woman has delayed a plane for more than five hours, after she attempted to throw a handful of coins into its engine for good luck.

The passenger was boarding China Southern Airlines flight CZ380, from Shanghai to Guangzhou, when she threw nine coins towards the plane's jet engine.
National Platinum Sponsors
 
National Sponsors
 
Major Branch Sponsors
  • Main Roads Western Australia - WA
  • RAC of WA - WA
  • Department of Planning, Transport and Infrastructure - SA
  • RAA - SA
  • The Department of Transport and Main Roads - QLD
  • Roads and Maritime Services (RMS) - NSW
  • Matrix Traffic and Transport Data  - NSW
  • Traffic Engineering Centre - NSW
  • VicRoads - VIC 
Branch Sponsors
  • Bitzios- QLD
  • Point8 - QLD
  • PTT - QLD
  • Donald Veal Consultants - WA
  • GTA - WA 
  • GHD - SA
  • Tonkin Consulting - SA
  • O’BrienTraffic - VIC
  • Matrix Traffic and Transport Data - VIC
  • Trafficworks Pty Ltd – VIC
  • TraffixGroup – VIC

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Editorial Team
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Sub-Editor: Alan Finlay
National Administrator: Karen Hooper, on behalf of AITPM, Inc

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