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January 2015 Newsletter
Bacterial Disease Management of Onions
 
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BACTERIAL DISEASE MANAGEMENT OF ONION
 
Beth K. Gugino and Emily E. Pfeufer, Associate Professor and Post-doctoral Scholar
Department of Plant Pathology and Environmental Microbiology,
The Pennsylvania State University, 219 Buckhout Lab, University Park, PA 16802
bkgugino@psu.edu

Bacterial diseases are considered the most significant production constraint reducing fresh market onion quality and quantity in PA and the northeastern U.S; far surpassing losses due to other diseases, insect pests or weed competition. In recent years, crop losses due to bacterial diseases have exceeded 60% for some PA farms. Losses from bacterial disease have been attributed to a number of different bacterial pathogens that cause center rot or bulb surface rot type symptoms. Center rot is characterized by a single or a few discolored scales (Figure 1A) within the onion bulb, with the only outer indication of symptoms identified by a discolored ring in the freshly-cut neck, often originating from one or more leaves that become bleached and collapse (Figure 2). Surface rots are characterized by discolored, macerated tissue in one or more of the outer fleshy scales, which sometimes may originate at injured areas of the bulb (Figure 1B). Losses in PA are more frequently the result of center rot-type symptoms which are caused by Pantoea agglomerans and P. ananatis

Figure 1. Bulb symptoms characteristic of center rot (left) and surface rot (right). Photo credit: Beth Gugino


To read more, click here.

Comment now on Organic Exemption from Conventional Commodity Check-off
The USDA has recently published its proposed rule to exempt more organic farmers from paying into conventional commodity check-off programs. The proposed rule would extend the exemption for organic farmers, handlers, marketers and importers to products that are certified “organic” or “100 percent organic” and also to those who produce, process, handle or import both organic and conventional products. 

If you are a certified organic operator who is subject to a conventional commodity research and promotion order or a federal marketing order program, you are encouraged to submit comments to the USDA and let them know this exemption is important to organic agriculture.

The deadline to submit comments is Thursday, January 15, before midnight Eastern time.
 
To submit comments online, click here. Be sure to include the Agency Name and docket number in your comment: Organic Exemption from Conventional Commodity Check-offs Rule: AMS-FV-14-0032-0001(Dec. 16,2014) (Federal Register Number 2014-29280)(79 Fed. Reg. 75006 et seq.)
 
PCO Welcomes New Staff!

Stephen Hobaugh, left, joins PCO as a new Certification Specialist and Matthew Bodgan joins PCO as our new Quality Systems and Information Technology Manager. To learn more about our great new staff, check out their bios on the Staff & Board page of our website. 


Thanks to our E-news Sponsors!

             

To advertise/sponsor, contact april@paorganic.org or visit the advertising page of our website.



Events

January 6-8
Keystone Farm Show
York, PA
keystonefarmshow.com

January 8
Southern Alleghenies Local Food Network Winter Meeting:
Marketing Local Foods and Nuts & Bolts of Cooperatives

East Freedom Fire Hall
814-696-0877 x 113 or bfutrick@blairconservationdistrict.org
 
January 10
NOFA Massachusetts 28th Annual Winter Conference
Worcester, MA
nofamass.org
 
Jan 14, 10am-2pm
Organic Field Crop Study Circle: Cover Crop Mixtures
Shady Maple
East Earl, PA
(610) 746-1970 or tdupont@psu.edu 

For a full listing of events, visit the PCO online calendar.


Classifieds

 
PCO-Certified Organic Hay for sale, dairy or dry cow grade, some bedding, tested and priced per test. Dry shelled corn for sale. Provident Farms. 470-772-6095. provident@epix.net. Tioga County.

PCO-Certified Organic Baleage. All 3x3x6 bales: alf/grass 1st cutting baleage, alf/grass 4th cutting bale age. John Dietz. 424-1228. mrdnine@juno.com. York County.
 

To see the complete classifieds listings or to post an ad, click here

To Advertise
If you would like to place an ad on our Organic Marketplace online classifieds, click here

 


Member News

A Warm Welcome to our New December Certified Members

Jason Burket
Levi Byler
Gabriella Calvi-Rooney
Samuel K. Esh
Jacob Lapp
Clint Layne
Enos L. Miller
John & Martha Nolt
Douglas Reinert
Larry Schnur
Wendy Shankin-Cohen
Corrie Smith
David Weaver
Chris Yoder
Your membership helps our certification and education programs grow and flourish, so we invite you to become a member now!


 
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